Tag: "measurements" at medical news
More exhaust inhaled by kids inside school buses than by others in the area, says new UC study
...ions of other vehicles on the road, our tracer gas measurements
revealed that a significant amount of the pollutants found inside the buses originated from the buses' own exhaust systems, especially when the windows were closed." The experiments included measures of exhaust from neighboring vehicles, but this ne...
West Africa: meningitis epidemics driven by the wind
...bservatory (ORE AMMA-Catch), devoted to collecting measurements
of climatic and health parameters in West Africa, should contribute to extending and continuing this research in a public health perspective....
Exercise may not be good enough to reduce mild hypertension in older people, Hopkins experts say
...-exercising group lowering systolic blood pressure measurements
by 5.3 mm/Hg and 4.5 mm/Hg. This reduction, while important, was not statistically different between the two groups. Similarly, measures of artery stiffness did not improve significantly in either exercisers or non-exercisers. Diastolic reduction...
Study shows symptom-driven therapy may be ok for some adults with mild persistent asthma
... based on the patient's symptoms or on "peak flow" measurements
of lung function, which can be taken by patients using a hand-held device. "One of the most important things we did during this study was to work closely with the participants to help them effectively manage their asthma," noted Boushey. "Patients ...
One-meter waistline predicts high risk of diabetes and heart disease
...en set out to assess the ability of different body measurements
and biological markers to predict insulin sensitivity. Their study involved 2,746 healthy male and female volunteers aged between 18-72 years with body mass indexes from 18-60 kg/m2 and waist circumferences from 65-150 cm. Height, weight, waist and h...
Lessons to be learnt from life at the very limit
...e world's tallest mountain and take the first ever measurements
of arterial blood oxygen at the summit. Researchers plan to measure the amount of oxygen in their own blood along with running a battery of investigations to test their brains, lungs and muscles at this extreme altitude. At 8,850 metres, Mount Everes...
54 per cent of air passengers experience significant reduction in oxygen levels
...d the remaining 29 were on short haul flights. The measurements
obtained from both groups were very similar. None of the subjects had severe cardio-respiratory problems and no-one required permission from their doctor to fly. "The House of Lords and the Department of Transport have both acknowledged that more st...
Obesity in middle age increases risk of dementia in later life
...isk. Both men and women with the highest skinfold measurements
had a 60-70% greater risk of dementia compared to those with the lowest measurements. There were no significant race interactions between body mass index and risk of dementia. Obesity and overweight in middle age is strongly associated with an increa...
Breast-cancer risk linked to exposure to traffic emissions at menarche, first birth
...om 1960 to 2002 and tail-pipe emissions, including measurements
from tunnels and tests on individual vehicles. A g...s used to reconstruct historic traffic PAHs, using measurements
of benzo[a]pyrene, a known potent mutagen and carcinogen, as a surrogate for total PAH exposure. Cru...
Vascular structure and function improve with diet and exercise
... pressure did not change significantly. Ultrasound measurements
of the heart and blood vessels at rest were perfor... well. Left ventricular diastolic filling (LVDF) measurements
indicate the efficiency of the heart to relax. Left ventricular mass is a measure of end organ dama...
Fracture risk lower for black women than white women at all bone mineral density levels
...cluded in prospective studies of osteoporosis with measurements
of bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture inciden... race-related variables determining fracture risk, measurements
related to these factors could be evaluated clinically. Research will be needed to test their value....
Sensor warns of gastrointestinal problems
...have yielded highly promising results to date. New measurements
will shortly be carried out at the Medische Spectr...Europe BV. They want to produce the sensor, if the measurements
prove to be successful. Interest has also been expressed in using the sensor to measure carbon diox...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for May 2005 (second issue)
...gree of airway inflammation, the young persons had measurements
of their exhaled nitric oxide, bronchial hyperresponsiveness as shown from sputum induction, and collection and analysis of exhaled breath condensate. These indicators were used in an effort to predict either success or failure of steroid reduction....
Cutting-edge technologies signify a new era for colorectal cancer screening
...re. The team measured reductions in average force measurements
(pounds) using both a conventional colonoscope (CS) and the study device (SD) and found statistically significant reductions at each of the last three points (CS/SD: 1.2/0.9, 2.5/1.3, 0.7/0.2 and 0.4/0.2). Secondary studies in animal colons demonstr...
Discovery of a 'drug anticipation' brain signal
...-pressing behavior by restoring the cocaine. Their measurements
revealed three distinct types of transient bursts of dopamine from the nucleus accumbens. One dopamine signal that occurred immediately before a lever press continued to occur, even after the rats ceased to receive cocaine. This signal, concluded the...
Asthma drug fluticasone works as well as other drugs at half the dose
...sured the drugs' effects with the help of standard measurements
of lung capacity that have been used to diagnose asthma, such as the amount of air that can be forcibly expelled from the lungs in one second after a deep breath. For instance, a dose of fluticasone that was half the size of the beclomethasone or bud...
Low back pain relief, causes, measurement & prosthetic fit, production, comfort
...thotic practitioners and students recorded typical measurements
such as residual-limb length and circumference on foam models of below-knee amputated limbs. Investigators identified effective instruments and techniques for measuring the residual limb, which have implications for improving amputee walking through ...
NIST method improves timing in oscilloscopes
...). The method improves the accuracy and clarity of measurements
performed in the development and troubleshooting o... to increased electronic "noise" interference with measurements
of microwave signals from radar. The NIST method, based on an approach developed in laboratory exper...
Children living near major roads at higher asthma risk
...t step will be to verify these results with actual measurements
of pollution around the homes near and distant from major roads, and to see if children who live in areas with heavy traffic develop asthma as we follow them," McConnell said. McConnell noted that California has passed a law that prohibits building...
Risks outweigh benefits of shark cartilage as anti-cancer treatment
... in quality of life. In fact, some quality of life measurements
tended to worsen among patients treated with shark cartilage. The authors conclude, "shark cartilage did not demonstrate any efficacy in patients with advanced breast or colorectal cancers."...
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