Tag: "models" at medical news

Operations research pioneer outlines ways to make kidney transplant allocation more equitable

...tain populations of patients and that more refined models involving shared decision-making between physicians and patients that also provide priority points based on waiting time would achieve a better balance on the efficiency-equity spectrum."...

Dr. Msiska, UN leader in the worldwide fight to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS, to speak at Stevens

...velopment plans. While noting that existing mental models or worldviews have failed to see the full potential for utilizing Information and Communications Technologies (ICT's) in meeting these challenges, he will articulate potential solutions based upon the experience of SACI. Points of contact of these po...

Just how useful are animal studies to human health?

...o researchers compared treatment effects in animal models with human clinical trials. They used systemati...ue to bias, random error, or the failure of animal models to adequately represent clinical disease. Systematic reviews could help translate research finding...

Key to avoiding whiplash injury may lie in head restraint positioning

.... Our team also used previous studies and computer models to validate our work. In addition, we studied the computer response in 57 different measures of spinal motion. This data was compared to previous experimental research to be sure they were realistic." "We found that auto head restraints positioned l...

World-class Biomedical Research Center to be in West London

..., teaching and research, based on tried and tested models around the world. This concept represents a future that has captured the imagination and support of clinical leaders and senior management of all organisations and will enable West London to compete on a global stage. The AHSC will be a magnet for i...

Computer scientists unravel 'language of surgery'

...kins computer scientists are building mathematical models to represent the safest and most effective ways to... the language of surgery.' To develop mathematical models for this language, we're borrowing techniques from speech recognition technology and applying them t...

New study finds treatment with certain anti-hypertensive drugs may reduce Alzheimer's disease

...stered in vitro to brain cells derived from animal models genetically predisposed to develop Alzheimers disease amyloid neuropathology. The brain cells in vitro were then monitored to systematically assess the potential beneficial effect of novel drugs, especially in respect to generation of abnormally proc...

Other highlights in the Dec. 6 JNCI

...he new data may eventually be used to improve both models by adding other risk factors, such as diet. Adri...ton School of Medicine in Seattle writes that risk models still cannot accurately predict an individual's risk of developing breast cancer. "Because we still ...

Researchers suggest new direction for development of psychotropic drugs

...brain; continued skepticism of results from animal models for certain disorders; an outdated paradigm of tre... schizophrenia. Because of limitations in animal models of complex psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia, investigators were often not discouraged by neg...

Math model predicts cancer behavior

... physical sciences," Cummings said. "Computational models like this, in which complex behavior emerges from computer simulations grounded in understanding phenomena at a smaller scale, have been a staple of chemistry, physics, and related engineering disciplines for a long time." Quaranta and Cummings expec...

Noise-immune stethoscope helps medics hear vital signs in loud environments

...s that let doctors hear the heart and lungs. These models become difficult to use effectively around 80 deci...e at around 100 hertz to 200 hertz. The ultrasound models transmit a sound signal at 2.3 megahertz into the patient's body, according to USAARL stethoscope pr...

New family health history projects focus on Alaska Native, Appalachian communities

...ill receive $100,000, will develop community-based models to increase awareness among the public and health ...o achieve their goals, as well as to sharing their models with other communities and populations across the country," said Vence Bonham, J.D., chief of NHGRI'...

Manmade protein shows promise for cancer, macular degeneration

...ood vessel development in the test tube and animal models for corneal injury and melanoma. "Now we are talking about making them go away," says Dr. Ambati. While the work is still in the laboratory, it provides further evidence of the intraceptor's potential clinical application, he says. The work show...

Pulsating gels could power tiny robots

...hat waves moved along only in one direction. Those models can only predict how the material's volume will change how it will swell and shrink. To capture changes in the shape of the material requires two-dimensional calculations, which Balazs and Yashin used to create their computer model. Their model, ca...

NC State receives $3.5 million to design new treatment strategies for HIV patients

...se (NIAID) to develop mathematical and statistical models that will aid in designing new treatment strategies for HIV patients. The researchers hope that the grant will help them devise a mathematical model that can predict the best course of treatment for "acutely" infected HIV patients, or patients who ...

Cell wall of pneumonia bacteria can cause brain and heart damage

...ldren's Research Hospital have discovered in mouse models how cell walls from certain pneumonia-causing bacteria can cause fatal heart damage; researchers have also shown how antibiotic therapy can contribute to this damage by increasing the number of cell wall pieces shed by dying bacteria. The team also d...

Dragon training in China focuses on atmosphere

...t information on retrieval techniques, validation, models and data assimilation. This year's course is the third advanced training course in China since 2004. In October 2004, an advanced training course in ocean remote sensing was successfully held at the Ocean University of China, Qingdao. In October 2...

Mayo Clinic study could lead to safer pesticides

...nimal sequences. Examining the three-dimensional models of both the greenbug and aphid acetylcholinesterase enzymes with the terascale supercomputer he designed was Dr. Pang's crucial next step. He discovered the pest-specific cysteine residue located at the edge of the active site of the insect acetylcho...

Mets have 60 percent chance of winning league championship series, says Bukiet at NJIT

... Bukiet achieves results by using his mathematical models on realistic line-ups for each team and game. For updates on the progress of the series, visit http://m.njit.edu/~bukiet/playoffs.htm ). "Anything can happen in a short series," added Bukiet. "We saw that in the division series Jeff Weaver yielde...

Dopamine imbalances cause sleep disorders in animal models of Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia

... "By further studying the sleep patterns in animal models of Parkinson's disease, we hope to come up with a sleep diagnosis test that could detect the early signs of the disease years before the major symptoms appear," he said. The study also provided insights into the biology underlying schizophrenia, t...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... hundred births, Down syndrome - or trisomy 21 - ... It results from a chromosomal abnormality where cells of ... (1% of the human genome). A study conducted by ... Genetic Medicine and Development at the University of Geneva ... shed light on how the extra chromosome 21 upsets ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Rajendra Singh Thursday as a "Champion of Change" ... deployment in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors. ... Electrical and Computer Engineering and director of Clemson,s ... hero leading the charge across the country to ... and driving policy changes at the local level ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... channels are implicated in many serious conditions such as ... potential target for drug therapies. Unfortunately, there is still ... Cambridge research provides fresh and unexpected insight into the ... components - β-subunit molecules - which are responsible for ... published in the most recent edition of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Trisomy 21: How an extra little chromosome throws the entire genome off balance 2Trisomy 21: How an extra little chromosome throws the entire genome off balance 3White House honors Clemson professor as 'Champion of Change' for solar deployment 2Structure of sodium channels different than previously believed 2
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