Tag: "morphine" at medical news
Morphine for chest pain increases death risk
...zed for a heart attack have long been treated with morphine
to relieve chest pain, an analysis by researchers ...t attack patients -- 29.8 percent of whom received morphine
within the first 24 hours of hospitalization -- the researchers found that those who received morphi...
As morphine turns 200, drug that blocks its side effects reveals new secrets
...te the 200th anniversary of the crystallization of morphine
in Einbeck, Germany. Since 1805, morphine
and its derivatives have become the most widely used treatment for severe pain. Now more than 230 t...
Narcotic drugs effective for severe, chronic pain in older patients
...ger patients were well over half a gram per day of morphine
or related opioid. Younger patients with nocicepti...hs and a year were given twice-daily injections of morphine
proportional to their weight, and pain-relief was assessed in a standard procedure of applying heat ...
Opiates better than sedatives for treating newborns in withdrawal
...complicated and that this is facilitated by use of morphine
instead of phenobarbitone. This helps keep mothers and babies together, helps in educating the mothers in mothercraft skills and to recognize signs of infant withdrawal, and helps in assessment of the quality of the mother-infant interaction in a sup...
Chronic arthritis pain and the disappointment of u-opioid therapy
...tis pain management. Extraneous substances such as morphine
can be disadvantageous in arthritis pain therapy d...compounds. In addition, the lack of selectivity of morphine
means that precise targeting of u-opioid receptors to control chronic pain has proven to be problema...
Pharmacies in minority, low-income areas less likely to carry sufficient pain medications
...algesic medications drugs that include oxycodone, morphine
and methadone when compared with predominantly wh... as immediate release oxycodone, immediate release morphine
and hydromorphone); and combination products (such as acetaminophen and hydrocodone, aspirin and oxy...
A recipe for overeating: Studies outline dangers of mixing stress, deprivation and tempting foods
... food. Yet external substances such as heroin and morphine
mimic endorphins by binding to the same receptors in the brain, produce a sense of reward (among other functions). The researchers compared how binge-eating rats versus non-binge eating rats responded to drugs that either turn on opioid receptors (b...
Fentanyl patch safe and effective alternative to oral opioids for pediatric pain patients
...for children aged 2 to 16 years. Opioids, such as morphine
and its derivatives, have been shown to clearly reduce pain and improve quality of life in adults. However, little is known about the pain experience and the safety and efficacy of this class of analgesics in children. Until recently, children were t...
Research findings contradict longstanding bias against morphine
...th public and professional bias against the use of morphine
in the final stage of life for patients with breathing difficulties. Because large amounts of morphine
slows breathing, doctors have avoided prescribing the drug to dying patients with breathing difficul...
Studies confirm effectiveness of fentanyl lozenges for 'breakthrough' cancer pain
...for breakthrough pain and relief was compared with morphine
or other opioid rescue medication, or placebo. The... patients who previously used narcotics other than morphine
were able to find a safe and effective dose of fentanyl and rated it as better for breakthrough than...
Antipsychotic drug may block addiction, UIC researchers find
... control and no drug dependence." Opioids such as morphine
are commonly used in pain management, but many patients are wary of taking them because of concerns over addiction or adverse side effects. The study, which began early last year and was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of He...
Morphine and topical anesthesia found effective in treating pain in newborn infants
used alone or with topical tetracaine effectively ... randomly assigned to receive tetracaine (n = 42), morphine
(n = 38), or both (n = 31); a separate nonrandomized group of 21 neonates receiving neither tetracai...
Morphine and topical anaesthesia effective in treating procedural pain in newborn infants
...ck Children (SickKids) have found that intravenous morphine
used alone or with a topical anaesthetic (tetracai...ery). "We found that morphine, or a combination of morphine
and tetracaine, to be the most effective in treating the infants' pain during central line placement...
A link is found between morphine addiction and the tendency to explore
...idence in rats showing a link between addiction to morphine
and the tendency to explore perseveringly. This is...ly through experiments with rats that addiction to morphine
is related to a tendency to explore perseveringly and to search for new sensations. Using mazes and ...
Grieving parents at increased suicide risk
...r other carers are encouraged to return any unused morphine
or other painkillers (opioids) to the pharmacy for safe disposal. But despite the best efforts of medical staff, this may not happen - resulting in powerful drugs being left in the hands of grieving loved ones. Currently there is no official guidanc...
Study in Science holds promise for a new approach to drug therapy
...ple, have found that one of our compounds can make morphine
11 times more potent," said Smrcka, the article's ...ief. In early studies, administration of M119 with morphine
resulted in an eleven-fold increase in the analgesic potency of morphine. Researchers believe it doe...
Late-breaking Digestive Disease Week news
...e opioids to control their pain." Opioids such as morphine
are widely used to lessen the suffering of the approximately 1.7 million Americans living with painful terminal illnesses. In addition to their analgesic effect of blocking the perception of pain within the central nervous system, these medications a...
Transporter is possible target for safer pain medicine
...ring childbirth. Many potent pain killers, such as morphine
and codeine, override this natural pain control system by directly activating opioid peptide receptors. While pain control is effective, it comes at a price: potential addiction, immune suppression and constipation. Now researchers want to know wheth...
Early puberty may mean anxiety, abnormal eating behaviors later
...tion of the enkephalin system the brain's natural morphine
system and are implicated in addiction and affective disorders. Dr. Hurd suggests that while these findings are preliminary, they provide evidence that marijuana can have negative and long-lasting effects on the brain. Nave no more: Gene puckers ...
Mechanism of black cohosh versus hot flashes revealed
... are chemical sensors that respond to opiates like morphine
and endorphins, Wang said. Chemical substances with opiate activity bind to the receptors and produce the appropriate response, including the regulation of pain, temperature and appetite. "We used several extracts of black cohosh and found that el...