Tag: "movement" at medical news
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (first issue)
...imate benefit came to those treated. The next big movement
forward came with the introduction of a combination of drugs, including streptomycin, to prevent the emergence of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. By 1955, clinical trials in Great Britain showed that almost all tuberculosis strains had pr...
Metabolic side effects of antipsychotics are known, but rarely monitored
...long been a problem for schizophrenics, because of movement
problems associated with older drugs, and because many patients don't realize they are ill, he says. The newer class of drugs work effectively to silence the over-communication in the brain that causes hallucinations, the hallmark of schizophrenia, b...
US service academies to collaborate with UNC, Andrews Air Force Base, Duke in knee injury study
... The prospective cohort study will focus on human movement
risk factors involved in injuries to the knee's an...rograms. It will help define what aspects of human movement
may predispose an individual to be at greatest risk for ACL injury and how to lower that risk," Mars...
People can learn motor skills by watching
... motor skill would engage their neural systems for movement
planning and control, and that the subjects would ...remarkable, given the complex relationship between movement
kinematics and associated time-varying neural control signals to muscles," they wrote....
OHSU scientist helping explain basis of psychotic behavior
...ant role in the regulation of behavior involved in movement
control, motivation and reward, and the dopamine system is thought to be essential to the brain's response to drugs of abuse, especially opiates and psychostimulants. Supersensitivity to dopamine, which affects some 70 percent of individuals with sch...
Deep brain stimulation in Parkinson disease reduces uncontrolled movements
... and problems with medication-induced uncontrolled movement
who were randomly assigned to implantation of deep brain stimulators in either the GPi or the STN areas of the brain. Patients' Parkinson symptoms were evaluated with and without medication using a standard rating scale at three, six and 12 months af...
Essential tremor associated with increased risk of dementia
MIAMI BEACH People with essential tremor, a movement
disorder that causes shaking of the hands, head, v... develop dementia than people who did not have the movement
disorder. "This is the first study to suggest that essential tremor is associated with the developme...
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners hosts 20th Annual National Conference
...e special event brings together pioneers of the NP movement
who will share stories about their experiences over the past 40 years and their views on what the nurse practitioner role will be 40 years from now. While the conference has been shortened to four and a half days, the new format offers more clinical ...
Golfers' yips may be movement disorder
...and worsening with anxiety--may be a task-specific movement
disorder similar to writer's cramp and musician's ...re similar to those of task-specific dystonias--or movement
disorders--such as writer's cramp and musician's cramp." None of the golfers without yips had eviden...
Study sheds light on age-related changes of prion diseases
...inker (GSS). GSS is a familial disease that causes movement
disorders and has a course of approximately 3 years. This disease, and other prion diseases such as mad cow disease, are believed to be caused by the mutation of normally occurring proteins called prion proteins and are inevitably fatal. In a labora...
Fatal brain disease holds clues to dementia
...h learning and memory before the diseases' typical movement
problems appear. The Florey scientists also discovered that in Huntington's diseased brains, information processing between neurons is disrupted, but the neurons do not die, which means the brain may respond to new anti-dementia drugs that can resto...
Rush designated Center of Excellence by Huntington's Disease Society of America
...ke this an outstanding Center of Excellence." "The movement
disorders physicians at Rush have been providing state of the art care of persons with Huntington's disease for more than 30 years, said Dr. Kathleen M. Shannon, director of the HDSA Center at Rush. "With each new generation of affected persons, our ...
M. D. Anderson announces collaboration with India's largest yoga research institution
...nt Eastern practice of regulated breathing, gentle movement
and meditation has long been ascribed anecdotal healing benefits," says H. R. Nagendra, Ph.D., vice chancellor of the Swami Vivekanada Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana. "We are pleased to partner with M. D. Anderson to answer key cancer questions and expan...
ASU researchers team with Kinetic Muscles, Inc. to develop robotic arm for stroke rehabilitation
...we want the robot to assist at those points in the movement
where the individual needs it," said He. As the ...II are powered by four pneumatic muscles to assist movement
at the shoulder, elbow and wrist. The design was based on a kinematics model of the arm, which showe...
Internet program launched to prevent blindness in diabetic patients
...pment of digital retinal photography has spurred a movement
to employ this new technology with images transmitted by the Internet to central reading centers," Velez said. He said that in the pilot testing stage, the team is using a Canon retinal camera, acquired through a grant from the North Carolina Lions F...
Routine procedure during childbirth provides no benefits, study review finds
...that episiotomy was introduced as part of the same movement
in which the hospital, rather than the home, became the place where most babies are born. "Episiotomy was part of that package." Other aspects of that "package," such as frequent use of general anesthesia and routine use of forceps during delivery, ...
NIST fire analysis tools featured in online training
...d Smokeview software programs. (FDS calculates the movement
of the smoke and heat from a fire. Smokeview translates the calculations into moving images on the computer screen.) Several case studies based on actual fire incidents also are used to demonstrate the capabilities and limitations of fire modeling. T...
New research raises questions about buckyballs and the environment
...aven't really thought of water as a vector for the movement
of these types of materials," says Joseph Hughes, Ph.D., an environmental engineer at Georgia Tech and lead author of the study. But Hughes and his collaborators at Rice University in Texas have found that buckyballs combine into unusual nano-sized c...
Leprosy genome tells story of human migrations, French researchers report in Science
... region may help public health workers monitor the movement
of the disease over time and determine the geographic source of new infections, said study author Stewart Cole of the Pasteur Institute. Historically, it's been thought that leprosy originated in the Indian subcontinent and was then introduced to Eur...
PENN researchers use robotic surgery
...inci System, the optics and fluidity of instrument movement
are just amazing," adds Hockstein. "It has the potential to add great precision to our surgical treatment of a variety of diseases of the head and neck....
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