Tag: "natal" at medical news

Sex and prenatal hormone exposure affect cognitive performance, Yerkes scientists find

Yerkes researchers are using their findings to better understand sex differences in cognitive performance, which may lead to increased understanding of the difference in ...neuropsychological disorders men and women experience. ... ... This finding, which corroborates findings in rodents and humans and is available in the onlin...

New data supports a non-invasive approach to routine prenatal genetic testing

SAN FRANCISCO, February 9, 2007 -- Research studies demonstrating the viability of an approach to routinely detect the presence of fetal DNA in a mother's blood to accurately diagnose or rule out genetic defects -- as early as the first trimester -- was presented today at the 27th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine being held in San Francisco. This future diagnostic techno...

Improved neonatal care has helped reduce prevalence of cerebral palsy in premature babies

... Cerebral palsy is a permanent, but changing disorder of movement, posture, and motor function. It is the commonest disability of children in western Europe, with a birth prevalence of about two cases per 1000 live births. Infants of very low birth weight (VLBW)--those born weighing less t...

Pregnant women in the dark on prenatal screening

... ... Researcher Eleanor Milligan, from QUT's Applied Ethics Program, said when t...

Prenatal multivitamins for undernourished women may reduce risk of low birth weight

... Low birth weight, or a weight of less than 2,500 grams, is a major predictor of death in infancy, according to background information in the article. It also increases th...

Antenatal fish oil supplements boost kids' hand-eye coordination

... ... Only non-smokers and those who did not routinely eat more than two weekly portions of fish were included in the study. Eighty three mothers completed...

Incontinence a common postnatal problem

... In her thesis, Womens health after childbirth, postgraduate student and midwife Erica Schytt takes an all-inclusive approach to the question of how childbirth affects mothers physical health. Her survey included some 2,500 Swedish women, who were asked to complete a series of questionnaires on physi...

Recording neo-natal consultations is helpful to parents

... The parents of babies requiring care in neo-natal intensive care units (NICU) often do not recall the information given to them. Researchers in Australia set out to assess the usefulness of audio recording the conversations between mothers and their neo-natal consultants. Two hundred mothers with babies in NICU were put into two groups the first had their consultation recorded and were give...

The Lancet Neonatal Series at one year of age has anything changed?

One year after The Lancet published its Neonatal Survival Series, Joy Lawn (Saving Newborn Lives Initiative, Cape Town, South Africa) and colleagues conclude that more urgency is needed if Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 for child survival to be reached by 2015. ...... Since last year's call for action, there have been positive changes in policy and funding. More efforts have been made to inc...

Prenatal cocaine exposure not linked to bad behavior in kids

GAINESVILLE, Fla. - Toddlers exposed to cocaine before birth exhibit no more behavioral problems than other children their age, despite early predictions that "crack babies" would grow up to be delinquents, University of Florida researchers say....... Studying 3-year-olds exposed to crack and powder cocaine in the womb and a similar group of children who were not, UF researchers found that disrup...

Prenatal alcohol exposure can alter circadian rhythms in offspring

... Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders exhibit altered sleeping and eating patterns, as well as other behavioral problems such as attention deficits and depression. ... Alterations in these behaviors may indicate that their biological rhythms, which are controlled by circadian systems, have been affected by alcohol exposure during development. ... Rodent research confirms that alcoho...

Very long or short intervals between pregnancies associated with increased poor perinatal outcomes

Chicago Intervals between pregnancies shorter than 18 months and longer than 59 months are associated with increased risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and small size for gestational age, according to an article in the April 19 issue of JAMA. ...... Agustin Conde-Agudelo, M.D., M.P.H., from the Fundacin Santa Fe de Bogot, Columbia, and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis on studies publish...

Perinatal complications linked to eating disorders

Certain complications during and immediately after birth are associated with the development of the eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, according to a study in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.... ...Eating disorders are believed to be caused by a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, according to backgro...

New prenatal resource center at North General Hospital to open with March of Dimes support

Press Conference and Tour of North General Hospital's Women's Health Center. The March of Dimes will make a donation to enable the hospital to open a Stork's Nest prenatal care resource center. Brief remarks from: ... Dr. Adam Aponte, Director of Diagnostic Services; ... Dr. Samuel Daniel, CEO; ... Sam Ryan of ABC Sports; ... Dr. Louis Sullivan, Prematurity Campaign chairman and former Secreta...

Study shows that prenatal exposure to alcohol may cause visual problems in infants

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a disorder that is indicated by distinct facial characteristics, growth retardation, and poor intellectual and attentional function, can occur when mothers drink alcohol heavily during pregnancy. A new study in the October issue of The Journal of Pediatrics shows that prenatal alcohol exposure can also affect an infant's visual acuity or sharpness of vision.... ...S...

4D ecography for the diagnosis of prenatal cardiopathy

.... ......One of the most recent novelties in ecographic studies has been the application of a fourth dimension, i.e. movement added to three-dimensional reconstruction. According to Dr. Alczar, "the development of the STIC system, carrying out the spatio-temporal correlation of images, adds movement to 3D ecography. In this way, apart from obtaining exclusively anatomic information, structure...

KwaZulu-Natal's successful fight against malaria

A new drug is demonstrating impressive results in the fight against malaria, according to a forthcoming paper in the open access journal . The study of a malaria control program in South Africa shows how hospital admissions for malaria were dramatically reduced following the introduction of an antimalarial combination called artemether-lumefantrine (AL) and the partial reintroduction of the inse...

Prenatal exposure to famine increases risk of schizophrenia

People born during a famine in China have an increased risk of schizophrenia, consistent with previous research suggesting a link between fetal nutritional deficiency and schizophrenia, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights. ......Schizophrenia is a common form of severe mental illness characterized by thought disorder, hallucinations, and...

Most perinatal strokes lead to neurologic disorders

Four of five newborn infants who experience a stroke around the time of birth will develop neurologic disorders such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, or language delay, according to a study published online July 11, 2005, in the Annals of Neurology ( )....... "Previous studies suggested that approximately half of all infants with stroke at or near the time of birth have a normal outcome," said senior...

Postnatal depression in fathers may affect children's behavioural development

Children, whose fathers have had postnatal depression, have an increased risk of behavioural and emotional problems in early life, suggests a study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. The researchers found the effect was the same even after they controlled for other factors that could influence a child's development....... Depression is common and frequently affects mothers and fathers...

Design of neonatal intensive care units critical to infant health

Partially presented at the COLLEGE STATION, June 15, 2005 - Effective neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) provide more than just services - they're designed in a way that contributes to the health of the infants being treated, says a Texas A&M University authority on health care facility design and environmental psychology. ... ... Mardelle Shepley, a professor of architectur...

Earlier treatment of perinatal HIV associated with decreased HIV progression, better outcomes

In a study in the May 11 , earlier treatment of children with HIV infection with ART is associated with less HIV progression and improved survival rates....... Worldwide, approximately 2.5 million children are infected with HIV, and approximately 1,700 new perinatal infections occur daily, according to background information in the article. In the United States, more than 9,300 HIV-infected chil...

Prenatal sonography has no effect on the intellectual capacity of the developing child

Scientists carrying out a major epidemiological study at Karolinska Institutet and Uppsala University have discovered that there is no clear correlation between routine ultrasonic scans and intellectual impairment. ...... ..."Fears have been expressed that sonography can lead to diminished intellectual capacity," explains Helle Kieler, research scientist at Karolinska Institutet. ...... Previous...
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(Date:4/21/2014)... is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer, contains ... from the cows, gut bacteria. The findings, reported in ... American Society for Microbiology, hints that cow manure is ... genes that transfer to bacteria in the soils where ... (AR) genes have already been identified, but the vast ...
(Date:4/21/2014)... are on the decline in the Galpagos. , A new ... indicates numbers of the iconic birds, known for their ... attract mates, have fallen more than 50 percent in less ... is probably due to an unexplained disappearance of sardines from ... at Wake Forest University and the study,s principal investigator. This ...
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