Tag: "nerve" at medical news
DNA vaccine against multiple sclerosis appears safe, potentially beneficial
...une system attacks the myelin sheaths that protect nerve
cells in the brain and spinal cord, according to background information in the article. The nerve
cells axon, which transmits messages to other neurons, is eventually destroyed. The cause of MS is u...
New treatment effective in counteracting cocaine-induced symptoms
...nterfering with the ability of cocaine to increase nerve
activity. Typically, patients with cocaine overdos...tudy participants, which doubled their sympathetic nerve
activity, part of the bodys automatic response system that becomes more active during times of stres...
Electrical implant steadies balance disorder in animals
...anted in the inner ear and separately connected to nerve
endings. Each electrode can act as one informatio...mplanted near the three branches of the vestibular nerve
that respond to changes in head rotation. These branches normally carry signals from the inner ears...
Investigating the causes of Parkinson's disease
...Parkinsons to further understanding of how and why nerve
cells die. Her research will also take a closer lo...tion of Lewy bodies a build-up of proteins within nerve
cells in the brains of people with Parkinsons. This study is aimed at providing a platform for th...
Speeding up CT scans with cellphone technology, ultrasound warning signal for breast cancer
...comparison, the researchers find details (a facial nerve
canal) that are clear in the MiniCAT scan and obscured in the traditional CT. To be able to resolve such important structures may have an important impact on clinical diagnosis and treatment of temporal bone diseases. (Thursday, July 26, 2007, 11:36...
'Cars' imaging reveals clues to myelin damage
...zymes that degrade the fatty sheath that insulates nerve
fibers. Learning exactly how the myelin sheath i...study the deterioration of myelin, which insulates nerve
fibers and enables them to properly conduct impulses in the spinal cord, brain and peripheral nervou...
Simple test predicts 6-year risk of dementia
...ween brain tissue -- or diseased white matter the nerve
cells that transmit signals between grey matter; thickening of the internal carotid artery, which brings blood to the head and neck; and the presence of one or two copies of the e4 allele, or subtype, of APO-E, the gene that codes for the protein kno...
Old memory traces in brain may trigger chronic pain
...ne, has identified a drug that controls persistent nerve
pain by targeting the part of the brain that exper... of the formerly injured site. It also controlled nerve
pain resulting from chemotherapy, noted Apkarian, who is a member of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensi...
Low doses of ecstasy associated with decline in verbal memory
...at the drug can harm the brain. Ecstasy may damage nerve
cells that respond to the hormone serotonin, which is involved in mood, thinking, learning and memory. Thelma Schilt, M.Sc., of the Academic Medical Center of the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and colleagues recruited 188 volunteers (av...
Nonhormonal drug reduces hot flashes in men treated for prostate cancer
...ug used to prevent epileptic seizures and to treat nerve
pain caused by shingles substantially reduces hot flashes in patients who are undergoing anti-hormonal treatment, or androgen-deprivation therapy, for prostate cancer. In presenting results of a 223-patient, placebo-controlled Phase III clinical tr...
Detecting cold, feeling pain: Study reveals why menthol feels fresh
...d chronic pain, as can result from inflammatory or nerve
injury, the researchers say, and a potential new t...in the setting of injury, such as inflammatory and nerve
injury, and how these changes may contribute to chronic pain," says senior author David Julius, PhD,...
Scripps Research awarded $17 million for adult stem cell use to treat eye diseases
...erate in the eye, adult stem cells can also rescue nerve
cells is the surrounding tissue. "Scientists are recognizing that blood vessels arent simply conduits to deliver oxygen and remove metabolic waste products," notes Friedlander. "In addition, blood vessels produce molecules and actions which have p...
JRRD releases single-topic issue on pain and pain management
... Chronic pain from conditions such as arthritis or nerve
injuries may be disabling and poorly controlled with aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol), or ibuprofen (Advil). In selected cases, opioid analgesics (e.g., morphine), combined with other treatments, can safely and more effectively relieve pain and impro...
Dr. Eli Peli of Schepens Eye Research Institute elected SPIE fellow
...s to apply digital image processing to analysis of nerve
fiber layer in Glaucoma and for the measurement of drusen and their changes in age related macular degeneration or AMD. His work on electronic and optical devices for impaired vision has led to several products on the market as well as many novel app...
Experimental gene therapy 'abolishes' arthritis pain and lessens joint damage
...d that therapeutic genes be injected directly into nerve
cells. Strong pain relief resulted, but in some cases the injections caused nerve
damage. "Our publication represents the first proof that gene therapy can work in a way that is cl...
What exactly is repetitive strain injury?
...s carpal tunnel syndrome (a twisting of the median nerve
at the wrist causing pain in the wrist and hand), tendonitis of the wrist and hand, and various upper limb problems. RSI arises frequently in adults of working age, with many people reporting strains of the hands, wrists, arms, shoulders or neck. S...
New device for stroke patients improves walking
...it painless electrical stimulation to the peroneal nerve
to activate the calf muscle and correct their gait. Offered on an inpatient and outpatient basis, the NESS L300 has been shown to improve walking coordination, speed and blood flow, and decrease the effort required in walking while wearing the ...
Adult brain cells rediscover their inner child
...racked the chemical signals received by newly made nerve
cells in the adult mouse hippocampus, a brain stru...d memory, by injecting virus particles to light up nerve
progenitor cells. Any freshly made nerves glowed green and become permanently marked for later ident...
Nanomedicine opens the way for nerve cell regeneration
The ability to regenerate nerve
cells in the body could reduce the effects of trau...e of nanotechnology to enhance the regeneration of nerve
cells. In the first method, developed at the University of Miami, researchers show how magnetic nano...
New treatment offers relief from chronic back pain
...ps; those with herniated discs, spinal stenosis (a nerve
affecting narrowing of the spinal cord), and complications from failed back surgery. Radiofrequency thermolesioning is a widespread treatment for chronic back pain, but because of its neurodestructive nature, it is often considered an unsuitable trea...
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