Tag: "nerves" at medical news

Tissue engineering experts discuss orthopaedics applications

... organs and stimulated growth of muscle, bones and nerves could play a major role in treating medical conditions was revealed at a recent Tissue Engineering Symposium at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center. The symposium, sponsored by Wake Forest Baptist and the International Society of Arthrosco...

Arm lift surgery generally safe, minor risks need to be considered, Mayo Clinic finds

...n our study was injury to or irritation of sensory nerves in the arm that can cause numbness in the forearms, and rarely, pain in the hand and forearm." In the Mayo Clinic study, the types of complications found to arise following arm lift surgery included fluid collections under the skin (10 percent), poo...

Hyperhidrosis and its treatment becoming better understood

...y, which involves disconnection of the sympathetic nerves that direct sweating in the arms and hands. "Mayo Clinic's surgeons frequently perform these procedures for severe over-sweating of the hands when other treatments have failed," says Dr. Eisenach. "From an integrative standpoint, we are interested i...

Mayo Clinic: Biomarker that may improve quality of life during treatment for colorectal cancer

...develop neuroprotective agents that can shield the nerves from the toxic effects of oxaliplatin and alternatives to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Mayo Clinic researchers are investigating both possibilities. Collaboration and Support In addition to Dr. Grothey, the Mayo Clinic research team included Er...

Umbilical cord-blood transplants save lives of babies with rare genetic disorder

...rotects nerve fibers in the brain. Without myelin, nerves in the brain and other parts of the body cannot function properly. Previous studies have shown that individuals with late onset Krabbe's disease benefited when transplanted with stem cells taken from bone marrow. However, banked umbilical-cord blood ...

New approach to thyroid surgery reduces incision size

...ng important structures in the area, which are the nerves to the voice box and the parathyroid glands," says Dr. David J. Terris, Porubsky Professor and chair of the MCG Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery and lead author on the study. This approach incorporates various techniques to reduce...

Catchers mitts don't provide enough protection

... time, blood flow can be significantly reduced and nerves may be bruised, causing numbness and tingling, red...bottom of the index finger, where many vessels and nerves are located. Pitchers and field players tend to catch the ball in the webbing itself, away from the ...

Renewed hope for Parkinson's patients

...y comparing the two sides. In Parkinson's Disease, nerves containing the chemical messenger dopamine are lost from a region of the brain region known as the putamen, leading to tremors and other motor abnormalities characteristic of the disease. Professor Love found that dopamine-containing nerve fibres had...

Why good cells go bad in progression of MS

... the cells to act like renegades that could damage nerves in the central nervous system. The work, to be published in the July 15 issue of the Journal of Immunology and just published on-line, helps explain one of the fundamental mysteries of multiple sclerosis (MS). The scientists discovered that a chemica...

Antidepressants should be first-line approach for nerve tissue pain

...e believed to work by quieting abnormal firings of nerves in the brain and central nervous system. Anticonvulsant drugs currently used for neuropathic pain are: carbamazepine, gabapentin, clonazepam, gabapentin, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine, phenytoin, valproate and, most recently, pregabalin. To evaluate th...

The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, issue 3

...injury has healed. The damage may be in peripheral nerves that run through the body and limbs, or within the central nervous system in the spine or brain. Patients with this form of pain are frequently given antidepressant drugs, and researchers who have assessed the findings of 50 trials conducted around t...

Study reveals potential for new treatment of paralysis and brain disease

...at KDI also had the ability to promote regrowth of nerves in damaged areas and to prevent brain cell death. These results paved the way for new research with human cells. In the new study, Dr. Pivi Liesi, M.D., Ph.D., and her research team applied KDI to human brain cells in the laboratory to see if KDI's ...

Rats' response to 'stop snacking' signal diminished by high fat diet

...otein is present. The hormone's release activates nerves that connect the intestine with the brain where the decision to stop eating is made. Previous studies with human subjects showed that those on a high fat diet have more CCK in their bloodstream but are less responsive to it. They typically repor...

UVa scientists discover new type of nerve cell that could be target for drugs to ease pain

...ctioning of peripheral nerves, especially when the nerves are injured. A PhD student in UVa's neuroscience graduate program, Mike Nelson, discovered these T-rich nerve cells in Todorovic' lab. "It's very exciting to make an initial observation like this," Nelson said. "It's one reason we go to grad school...

Columbia study shows elderly with diabetes at increased risk for falling

...r. Maurer speculates that problems with peripheral nerves that can affect the sensation in diabetic people's feet, known as peripheral neuropathy, could be the mechanism at fault for the higher fall rate in diabetic patients. Currently, 150 million people are estimated to have type 2 diabetes, and the numbe...

Nerve changes from diabetes begin earlier than previously known

... nerve conduction tests, which measure how quickly nerves carry electrical signals. The nerve conduction tests, over time, provided the most consistent and reliable measures of early nerve damage due to diabetes. "Even when patients had nerve conduction values well within the normal range, our serial asses...

Chronic arthritis pain and the disappointment of u-opioid therapy

...significantly reduce the hypersensitivity of joint nerves by as much as 75 percent. In the rats with chronic arthritis, however, endomorphin 1 had no observable effect on the telltale triggers of pain. On the strength of these findings, researchers concluded that chronic inflammation negates the pain-reli...

Penn surgeons use completely robotic surgery to treat prostate cancer

...e visualization of the prostate and the network of nerves and tissue surrounding it. Additionally, by scaling down the motion of the robotic instruments, the surgeon can perform extremely precise, intricate movements during the procedure. For example, if the surgeon's hand moves five centimeters, he/she ca...

New rheumatoid arthritis drug developed at UCSD promises improved treatment options

...n also affect the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood, nerves or kidneys. It is an incurable disease, with most therapies focusing on symptom relief. "Although the current available drugs pose risks to patients, the first two trials of dnaJP1 have not raised any significant safety concerns and offer an improv...

The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, Issue 4

...gion of the spine. This blocks the activity of the nerves that transmit painful stimuli from the birth canal to the brain, which results in pain relief. A systematic review of literature included 21 studies of epidural pain-relief in labour, involving 6664 women. The Cochrane Review Authors drew several con...

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