Tag: "neural" at medical news
Mapping 'self' and 'other' in the brain
...l because we're only beginning to understand basic neural
mechanisms underlying cooperation," said King-Casas. "However, with hyperscanning, we're able study brain activity between two people as interpersonal relationships develop and break down."...
Brain study yields insight into machinery of prejudice
...archers said their findings offer insight into the neural
machinery that gives rise to perceptions that other racial or ethnic groups are different from one's own. They concluded that their work offers insight into prejudice and that one way to reduce prejudice is to emphasize how alike different groups are...
New Queen's study of hand-brain function offers insight into recovery for stroke survivors
...e at the time of testing; and the strength of the neural
connections between the brain and the muscle....
Dr. McCluskey receives top honor for young taste researchers
...turn over and they renew, and they are partly like neural
cells, so they can fire action potentials and tell...ou don't have macrophages, you get deficiencies in neural
function," says Dr. McCluskey, noting the finding is pretty amazing to many neuroscientists who have...
University of Utah to help build bionic arm
...bjects with the mechanical hand and fingers. The neural
interface device between the arm and the person we...rosthetic arm itself and will study other kinds of neural
interfaces that could operate the bionic arm, including a device implanted to receive signals from t...
Creative public-health approaches needed to improve folic acid intake in women
... to improve folic acid intake in women and prevent neural
tube defects, state the authors of a Review in thi... immediately before and after conception to reduce neural
tube defects, many women are not following these recommendations. Three public-health strategies exi...
Researchers discover link between expectancy, visual cues and the desire to smoke
...oke four hours after the test, there was almost no neural
response to smoking cues, even if the subject repo...ndings confirm the importance of expectancy in the neural
response to these cues, and lend support to the theory that these cues act on brain areas involved i...
American Academy of Neurology 58th Annual Meeting scientific highlights
... cord. In an animal model, researchers showed that neural
stem cells that expressed a cell survival factor called MEF2 could help repair the brain damage cause by stroke when injected into the site of the damage. Under the influence of MEF2, the stem cells transform into active nerve cells (neurons) after i...
Fetuses cannot feel pain, says expert
...oncept of fetal pain. Although still immature, the neural
circuitry necessary for processing pain can be considered complete by 26 weeks' gestation, he explains. However, pain experience requires not only development of the brain but also development of the mind to accommodate the subjectivity of pain. Dev...
Numerical processing similar in children and adults, brain scans reveal
... study is the first study to use fMRI to study the neural
basis of higher-order cognition in children this y...sic mathematics at an early age, and that the same neural
circuits that perform basic math at an early age continue to process mathematical information over t...
Hap1 protein links circulating insulin to brain circuits that regulate feeding behavior in mice
...k between circulating insulin in the blood and the neural
circuitry that controls feeding behavior in mice. Illumination of the neural
pathway used by hormones to regulate appetite and eating behavior could eventually provide new drug ...
OHSU brings relief to 'suicide disease' sufferers
...has developed the world's first online, artificial neural
network to be used as a diagnostic tool for facial...to get a diagnosis, so he developed the artificial neural
network, which patients can easily, and confidentially, access on the OHSU Department of Neurologica...
Is the brain wired for faces?
...is kind will help scientists better understand the neural
bases of object recognition deficits in mental dis...ng faces, which might be caused by a defect on the neural
level. Breakthroughs in this kind of research could someday lead to targeted therapies for the milli...
Explaining how the brain recognizes faces
...onal implementation of a physiologically plausible neural
model of face processing can quantitatively accoun..., Jiang et al. present and integrate findings from neural
modeling, behavior, and fMRI, showing that face classification, similarly to object classification, ...
Researchers identify potential targets for new pain therapies
...e pain signals get sent to the brain." In tests of neural
response to inflammation, the researchers found that although Kv4.2 knockout mice normally were more sensitive to heat and touch, after injections with a chemical that causes inflammation, the knockout mice became less sensitive to heat and touch tha...
Aha! Favors the prepared mind
...th less precise timing. The researchers focused on neural
activity that occurred during the period just befo...ed to more methodical solutions involved increased neural
activity in the visual cortex at the back of the brain -- suggesting that preparation for deliberate...
The $6 billion (hu)man is becoming reality, as bionics restores or expands humans' abilities
...te proximity between the stimulation sites and the neural
cells, which is essential for high resolution stimulation. First generation of the system is designed for visual acuity of 20/400, the second for 20/200, and the ultimate target is 20/80 vision. For humans who have lost vision through retinitis pig...
Stem cell treatment succeeds in spinal cord-injured rats
...Medicine professor Moses Chao, PhD. "The timing of neural
stem cell application therefore is critical to successful therapy in the injured spinal cord." One focus of future research will be to determine the reason why stem cells transplanted weeks or months later fail to function or sometimes even survive....
'Executive' monkeys influenced by other executives, not subordinates
...r, they can begin to understand the physiology and neural
machinery of status, they said. Further animal stu...flexive -- in the brain. We can begin to trace the neural
pathways by which social information feeds into the structures that control the eyes. And, we can ex...
Cell therapy slows progression of an inherited neurological disease; Improves motor skills in mice
...erived cells, including myelin-producing cells and neural
stem cells, may be envisioned as direct cell therapies to target specific neurological diseases," says Bongarzone....
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