Tag: "neutral" at medical news
Pessimism and depression increase dementia risk
...ather than habitually discounting the positive and neutral
and magnifying the negative." This study was designed to test more rigorously the findings of an earlier, exploratory study conducted at Mayo Clinic with a smaller sample of individuals that suggested pessimism, depression, anxiety and social introv...
Study compares stomach acid control of three proton pump inhibitors in chronic NSAID users
...0 (pH is measured on a 14-point scale with 7 being neutral
and lower numbers being more acidic). Among COX-2 users (e.g., Celebrex, Vioxx, and Bextra, n=38) esomeprazole maintained a pH of greater than 4.0 for 17.5 hours compared with 16.1 hours for lansoprazole and 14.6 hours for pantoprazole. Among users ...
The anatomy of sarcasm: Researchers reveal how the brain handles this complex communication
...rd." Meaning: "You're a real slacker!" Here is a neutral
example: "Joe came to work and immediately began to work. His boss noticed his behavior and said, "Joe, don't work too hard!" Meaning: "You're a hard worker!" Following each story, researchers asked a factual question to check story comprehension...
Errors in intensive care units: medical staff report fewer unintended events than observers
... care unit (ICU) staff is less than half that of a neutral
observer. ICU staff also report different types of UEs compared to observers. In intensive care units, unintended events, often caused by human error, could lead to critical and even fatal incidents in patient care. The authors of the study, publishe...
Neuroscientists identify how trauma triggers long-lasting memories in the brain
...re remembered over longer periods than emotionally neutral
events, and may ultimately find application in tre... of the National Academy of Sciences. "Emotionally neutral
events generally are not stored as long-term memories," said Christa McIntyre, the first author of t...
Study: Brain structures contribute to asthma
..."), non-asthma negative (such as "loneliness") and neutral
(such as "curtains"). Shortly after, researchers measured lung function in the subjects as well as molecular signs of inflammation in their sputum. The fMRI scans revealed that the asthma-related terms stimulated robust responses in two brain region...
Should the law on euthanasia and physician assisted suicide be changed?
...d that most professional bodies have now adopted a neutral
stance. Data from countries where assisted dying h... Medical Association, which has recently adopted a neutral
policy on assisted dying. From the BMA's perspective, a neutral
position entails a campaign for bett...
Emotional impairment linked to cognitive deficits in bipolar children
... cognition. When shown negative words, compared to neutral
words, the bipolar patients showed increased activation in the part of the brain that regulates emotions. When shown positive words, they showed activation in the reward centers of the brain which are often associated with pleasure and addiction. In ...
Inhaled nitric oxide may help sickle cell disease
...dings that show the extra nitric oxide changes the neutral
charge of hemoglobin S to the slightly negative ch... S molecules fit together to form the polymer. The neutral
charge permits this abnormal bonding that eventually deforms the red blood cells that carry them, Dr...
Drug developed at UC Davis may prevent breast cancer, treat post-menopausal vaginal atrophy
...a unique estrogen-like effect on the vagina, yet a neutral
effect on the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, and no aggravation or initiation of hot flashes. Results of the Phase 1 and Phase 2 tests, conducted in postmenopausal women in Finland, appear in the journal Menopause in September 2003 and March 2...
Drug not effective in preventing bypass vein clogging
...I trial showed that the edifoligide was absolutely neutral
in all endpoints when compared to placebo," said Duke cardiologist John Alexander, M.D., who presented the results of the trial Nov. 13, 2005, at the annual scientific sessions of the American Heart Association. The results of the trial are also bein...
Studying brain activity could aid diagnosis of social phobia
...a looked at threatening faces compared to happy or neutral
faces. Dr Nathan said the study showed that functional magnetic resonance imaging could be used to monitor activity in the amygdala and therefore predict the level of clinical symptoms in generalised social phobia patients. "Our findings suggest that...
Statins have neutral effect on risk of cancer
...ce and death and found no impact." "Statins have a neutral
effect on cancer and cancer death risks in randomized controlled trials," the authors write in conclusion. "We could find no type of cancer that statins benefited or subtype of statin that reduced the risk of cancer....
Emory study lights up the political brain
...is challenger, Senator John Kerry, and politically neutral
male control figures such as actor Tom Hanks. For...n the way they responded to contradictions for the neutral
control targets, such as Hanks, but Democrats responded to Kerry as Republicans responded to Bush. ...
How 'hot' emotional brain interferes with 'cool' processing
...ges such as injured people or aggressive behavior; neutral
images such as people shopping or working; and scr...and deactivation of the dorsal system than did the neutral
or scrambled images, they found. But most importantly, they found graded behavioral effects of the i...
Great (taste) expectations: Study shows brain anticipates taste, shifts gears
...ery bitter taste. A "zero "cue corresponded with a neutral
taste, and a "plus sign" with a pleasant, sugary taste. The cues, according to Nitschke, were flashed to subjects just prior to the administration of a few drops of liquid. But in the study, the cues would not always match the taste they were said to...
Mood affects young and old differently, study finds
...to induce them into either a positive, negative or neutral
mood. Once they completed a test that measured their mood, they were given a test to measure their attention to detail and working memory capacity. Finally, they were given an essay and asked to assess whether they thought the opinions in the essay w...
Purdue chemical-analysis method promises fast results
...o to measure their masses, which you can't do with neutral
molecules," Cooks said. Conventional mass spectrometers analyze samples that are specially prepared and placed in a vacuum chamber. The key DESI innovation is performing the ionization step in the air or directly on surfaces outside of the mass spect...
Scent of fear impacts cognitive performance
... were 85 percent accurate, and those in either the neutral
sweat or the control (no-sweat) condition were 80 ...that were ambiguous in threat content, such as one neutral
word paired with a threatening word or a pair of neutral
words, subjects in the fear condition were ...
Seniors look on the bright side
...g sadness, anger, fear and happiness, as well as a neutral
facial image. Interestingly, while the older participants (ages 57 to 84) preferred the happy faces and avoided the angry ones, the younger subjects (ages 18-21) showed only a preference for the fearful faces. This is consistent with other evidence s...
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