Tag: "nicotine" at medical news

Smoking may interfere with alcoholics' neurocognitive recovery during abstinence

...ohol may enhance each others rewarding properties; nicotine may decrease some of alcohols negative effects on cognition and motor incoordination; paired use of nicotine and alcohol may produce a strong association between the two substances such that the use of one lea...

Steps needed to reduce smoking in the US

...loping a plan for gradually reducing the allowable nicotine content of cigarettes. Cigarettes are a unique...evelations of the industry's efforts to manipulate nicotine levels to encourage addiction have eroded the supposition that all smokers have freely assumed the r...

In utero exposure to smoking by mother can increase risk of ADHD

... long been encouraged to reduce or eliminate their nicotine intake. A new study being published in the June 1...abuse. Thus, it appears that in utero exposure to nicotine may help to perpetuate a cycle across generations that links addiction and behavioral problems."...

Persistent smokers may have higher risk to become depressed than never smokers

... the etiology of depression, may be surprising, as nicotine as such in short term is assumed to have some po...ddiction mechanisms and from other substances than nicotine within tobacco smoke." Secondly, there was evidence suggesting that those smokers who had quit had...

'Lite' low tar cigarettes impair blood flow as much as regular cigarettes

...y artery disease. Twenty had smoked low tar, low nicotine cigarettes (8 mg tar, 0.6 mg nicotine, and 9 mg ca... They add that many smokers switch to low tar, low nicotine cigarettes in the mistaken belief that they will reduce some of the hazardous effects of smoking....

Swedish snus much safer than smoking but linked to pancreatic cancer

... snus has been proposed as a way to reduce harm in nicotine addicts." In an accompanying comment, Dr Jonathan Foulds, Tobacco Dependence Program, University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey School of Public Health, USA, says: "The papers in the Lancet, when added to mounting epidemiological evidence, i...

Study raises new treatment possibilities for cognitive disorders

...by nicotine. They impart the beneficial effects of nicotine specifically enhanced cognition without the nume...cognition," Gee said. Anecdotally, the effect of nicotine in the brains of schizophrenics has been noted for years, Gee said. Many people with the mental illn...

Addiction breakthrough may lead to new treatments

...ons for a range of addictive substances, including nicotine and opiates, where high consumption rates have also been linked to a similar reduction in this particular brain receptor. Dr Dalley said, "The next step is identifying the gene or genes that cause this diminished supply of brain receptors. This may...

New study demonstrates nicotine's role in smoking behavior

...ional Institutes of Health (NIH, USA) reveals that nicotine use is highly addictive in primates. Although re...ns, there has been persistent debate over the role nicotine plays in reinforcing smoking. This study is the first of its kind to evaluate the motivational value...

Updated guidelines advise focusing on women's lifetime heart risk

...smoking, the 2007 guidelines recommend counseling, nicotine replacement or other forms of smoking cessation therapy. Physical activity recommendations for women who need to lose weight or sustain weight loss have been added minimum of 60-90 minutes of moderate-intensity activity (e.g., brisk walking) on mos...

Heavy smokers who cut back still take in more toxins than light smokers

...at they are trying to maintain a specific level of nicotine in their bodies." Hatsukami is a professor and res...fact. The study focused on smoking reduction using nicotine replacement therapies such as gum or patches. It showed that smokers who reduced their cigarette int...

New research explores limits of non-invasive coronary imaging tests

...l of the American College of Cardiology shows that nicotine can activate endothelial precursor cells, a form o... in Frankfurt, Germany sought to determine whether nicotine can cause the bone marrow to release a form of adult stem cells into the blood to help form new bloo...

Not ready to quit? Try cutting back

...it, this method, typically coupled with the use of nicotine replacement products, led to an increase in quitting in 16 of the studies. "Cutting back is approved as a method of quitting in several European countries, but not in the United States," said lead author John Hughes, M.D., a professor of psychiatry ...

New research identifies gene important for nicotine's effects on the brain

... and her colleagues at Yale University, found that nicotine can increase activity of a molecule called CREB in...ocks CREB activity in the nucleus accumbens blocks nicotine reward. "We and other researchers have begun to make very strong links between individual molecules...

Adolescent smokers have a greater risk of developing alcohol-use disorders than nonsmokers

... for addictions development. If it is proven that nicotine directly impacts vulnerability to alcoholism and other addictions, then that is a new, strong message to add to the health-education arsenal. However, even if this correlation is completely non-causal, these results can help to identify kids who are...

Columbia study examines ADHD's role in smoking

...cco. Participants in the study will receive the nicotine patch, behavioral counseling, and a drug approved ... (brand name CONCERT). Because methylphenidate and nicotine act on the brain in a similar way, the premise is that treatment with methylphenidate when trying to...

Please exhale

...Likewise, information about smokers' metabolism of nicotine is also accessible....

Nap a day makes doctors OK, Stanford study finds

...s being legally drunk," said Howard. "Caffeine and nicotine mask the effects of sleepiness, but naps actually replace lost sleep. It's totally different mechanistically." To determine just how much a nap would help alleviate sleep deprivation, researchers recruited 49 subjects - 24 nurses and 25 doctors - wh...

Smoking cessation therapy may be harmful for ICU patients

...used to help reduce adverse events associated with nicotine withdrawal may actually increase the risk of death...ound that smokers admitted to the ICU who received nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) during their stay had a higher risk of death than smokers who did not rece...

CHEST 2006 abstract briefs

...mokers participated and were randomly given either nicotine replacement therapy or nicotine replacement therapy with exercise training for three months. Forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and exh...

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(Date:7/31/2014)... biomass burning burning forests to create agricultural ... agriculture and wildfires figures into both climate ... release of a new study by Stanford University ... the degree of that contribution had never been ... paper published July 30 in the Journal ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... State University researchers have completed a 20-year study ... Hills prairie at different times of the year. ... late spring time frame has no measurable negative ... have multiple benefits. , The study was conducted ... Prairie Biological Station fire chief, and Joseph Craine, ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Neb., July 31, 2014 -- Do people make a ... mothers raise them that way? Is it a matter ... Nebraska-Lincoln and a colleague from Rice University say that ... some people lean left while others lean right. , ... and deep-seated psychology are at the core of political ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change 2Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change 3Stanford professor finds that wildfires and other burns play bigger role in climate change 4Study finds benefits to burning Flint Hills prairie in fall and winter 2Study finds benefits to burning Flint Hills prairie in fall and winter 3Scientists find growing consensus: Political attitudes derive from body and mind 2
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