Tag: "nicotine" at medical news
Smoking may interfere with alcoholics' neurocognitive recovery during abstinence
...ohol may enhance each others rewarding properties; nicotine
may decrease some of alcohols negative effects on cognition and motor incoordination; paired use of nicotine
and alcohol may produce a strong association between the two substances such that the use of one lea...
Steps needed to reduce smoking in the US
...loping a plan for gradually reducing the allowable nicotine
content of cigarettes. Cigarettes are a unique...evelations of the industry's efforts to manipulate nicotine
levels to encourage addiction have eroded the supposition that all smokers have freely assumed the r...
In utero exposure to smoking by mother can increase risk of ADHD
... long been encouraged to reduce or eliminate their nicotine
intake. A new study being published in the June 1...abuse. Thus, it appears that in utero exposure to nicotine
may help to perpetuate a cycle across generations that links addiction and behavioral problems."...
Persistent smokers may have higher risk to become depressed than never smokers
... the etiology of depression, may be surprising, as nicotine
as such in short term is assumed to have some po...ddiction mechanisms and from other substances than nicotine
within tobacco smoke." Secondly, there was evidence suggesting that those smokers who had quit had...
'Lite' low tar cigarettes impair blood flow as much as regular cigarettes
...y artery disease. Twenty had smoked low tar, low nicotine
cigarettes (8 mg tar, 0.6 mg nicotine, and 9 mg ca... They add that many smokers switch to low tar, low nicotine
cigarettes in the mistaken belief that they will reduce some of the hazardous effects of smoking....
Swedish snus much safer than smoking but linked to pancreatic cancer
... snus has been proposed as a way to reduce harm in nicotine
addicts." In an accompanying comment, Dr Jonathan Foulds, Tobacco Dependence Program, University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey School of Public Health, USA, says: "The papers in the Lancet, when added to mounting epidemiological evidence, i...
Study raises new treatment possibilities for cognitive disorders
...by nicotine. They impart the beneficial effects of nicotine
specifically enhanced cognition without the nume...cognition," Gee said. Anecdotally, the effect of nicotine
in the brains of schizophrenics has been noted for years, Gee said. Many people with the mental illn...
Addiction breakthrough may lead to new treatments
...ons for a range of addictive substances, including nicotine
and opiates, where high consumption rates have also been linked to a similar reduction in this particular brain receptor. Dr Dalley said, "The next step is identifying the gene or genes that cause this diminished supply of brain receptors. This may...
New study demonstrates nicotine's role in smoking behavior
...ional Institutes of Health (NIH, USA) reveals that nicotine
use is highly addictive in primates. Although re...ns, there has been persistent debate over the role nicotine
plays in reinforcing smoking. This study is the first of its kind to evaluate the motivational value...
Updated guidelines advise focusing on women's lifetime heart risk
...smoking, the 2007 guidelines recommend counseling, nicotine
replacement or other forms of smoking cessation therapy. Physical activity recommendations for women who need to lose weight or sustain weight loss have been added minimum of 60-90 minutes of moderate-intensity activity (e.g., brisk walking) on mos...
Heavy smokers who cut back still take in more toxins than light smokers
...at they are trying to maintain a specific level of nicotine
in their bodies." Hatsukami is a professor and res...fact. The study focused on smoking reduction using nicotine
replacement therapies such as gum or patches. It showed that smokers who reduced their cigarette int...
New research explores limits of non-invasive coronary imaging tests
...l of the American College of Cardiology shows that nicotine
can activate endothelial precursor cells, a form o... in Frankfurt, Germany sought to determine whether nicotine
can cause the bone marrow to release a form of adult stem cells into the blood to help form new bloo...
Not ready to quit? Try cutting back
...it, this method, typically coupled with the use of nicotine
replacement products, led to an increase in quitting in 16 of the studies. "Cutting back is approved as a method of quitting in several European countries, but not in the United States," said lead author John Hughes, M.D., a professor of psychiatry ...
New research identifies gene important for nicotine's effects on the brain
... and her colleagues at Yale University, found that nicotine
can increase activity of a molecule called CREB in...ocks CREB activity in the nucleus accumbens blocks nicotine
reward. "We and other researchers have begun to make very strong links between individual molecules...
Adolescent smokers have a greater risk of developing alcohol-use disorders than nonsmokers
... for addictions development. If it is proven that nicotine
directly impacts vulnerability to alcoholism and other addictions, then that is a new, strong message to add to the health-education arsenal. However, even if this correlation is completely non-causal, these results can help to identify kids who are...
Columbia study examines ADHD's role in smoking
...cco. Participants in the study will receive the nicotine
patch, behavioral counseling, and a drug approved ... (brand name CONCERT). Because methylphenidate and nicotine
act on the brain in a similar way, the premise is that treatment with methylphenidate when trying to...
...Likewise, information about smokers' metabolism of nicotine
is also accessible....
Nap a day makes doctors OK, Stanford study finds
...s being legally drunk," said Howard. "Caffeine and nicotine
mask the effects of sleepiness, but naps actually replace lost sleep. It's totally different mechanistically." To determine just how much a nap would help alleviate sleep deprivation, researchers recruited 49 subjects - 24 nurses and 25 doctors - wh...
Smoking cessation therapy may be harmful for ICU patients
...used to help reduce adverse events associated with nicotine
withdrawal may actually increase the risk of death...ound that smokers admitted to the ICU who received nicotine
replacement therapy (NRT) during their stay had a higher risk of death than smokers who did not rece...
CHEST 2006 abstract briefs
...mokers participated and were randomly given either nicotine
replacement therapy or nicotine
replacement therapy with exercise training for three months. Forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and exh...
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