Tag: "origins" at medical news

AGA Institute takes leadership role in exploring obesity and its complications

...l Weight Center. A better understanding of the origins and development of obesity provides a framework for evidence-based treatment the disease. As new and exciting research continues into the causes, prevention and treatments for obesity, the role played by the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is becoming mo...

Researchers discover gene crucial for nerve cell insulation

... discovery will provide important insight into the origins of disorders affecting myelin production." The study appears in the online version of Molecular and Cellular Biology. John Svaren, Ph.D., an associate professor in the Department of Comparative Bioscience at the University of WisconsinMadison's ...

Colon cancer survival linked to number of lymph nodes examined

...ng acknowledges. A surgeon needs to trace back the origins of blood vessels closest to the tumor because the lymphatic system, with its nodes, closely tracks with the blood system. Sometimes the nodes, which filter cancer cells from the lymph, can be difficult for pathologists to find, especially when the ...

US child health system needs total overhaul, UCLA researchers say

... "We know now that many health problems have their origins during childhood and simply compound over time." Obesity rates among the nations children have doubled in the last 20 years, Halfon said, and the prevalence of diagnosable mental health and behavioral problems in youth has climbed to more than 20 ...

Honeydew honeys are better antioxidants than nectar honeys

A study of 36 Spanish honeys from different floral origins revealed that honeys generated by bees feeding on honeydew have greater antioxidant properties than those produced by bees feeding on nectar. The study is published in this months edition of the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Natur...

Activation of brain region predicts altruism

...ople like Mother Theresa, it may give clues to the origins of important social behaviors like altruism," said study investigator Scott A. Huettel, Ph.D., a neuroscientist at the Brain Imaging and Analysis Center. Results of the study appear Sunday, Jan. 21, in the advance online edition of Nature Neuroscien...

Exploring the molecular origin of blood clot flexibility

... atomic force microscope," notes Brown. Once the origins of the mechanical properties of clots are well understood, it may be possible to modulate those properties, note the study authors. "If we can change a certain parameter perhaps we can make a clot that's more or less stiff," explains Weisel. For exam...

ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- January 3, 2007

... W. Zwanziger and colleagues set out to understand origins of the so-called "zero-stress optic response," which underpins the properties of glasses used in rear-projection televisions, liquid crystal on silicon projection systems, optical research equipment and other products. In a report scheduled for the J...

Brain studies reveal the mechanisms of the voluntary control of visual attention

... with ERPs are harder to trace back to their exact origins inside the brain. To overcome these limitations, Grent-'t-Jong and Woldorff combined brain responses from the two technologies recorded in identical experiments. "To effectively understand how the brain accomplishes cognitive functions, it is criti...

Binghamton University researcher to study declining US fertility rates

...hree-quarters of all children's names had biblical origins in 1800, while by 1920 just a fifth had such origins. "What I've shown," Hacker said, "is that parents who rely on biblical names for their children have much larger families than parents who rely on secular names, controlling for economic and other...

Blocking an inter-generational cycle of obesity

...esearch Council project grant to look at the early origins of obesity. Their research will focus on interveni...impact on adult health. In addition to the early origins of obesity, Prof McMillen is conducting studies with National Heart Foundation Research Fellow Dr Ja...

UGA professor finds that confusion about Calories is nothing new

...fter this realization, Hargrove began studying the origins of the Calorie. He details his findings in a study... rather than a lowercase "c." Owing to the obscure origins of the measure, there was confusion about whether or not a calorie was defined as the amount of hea...

MRSA surveillance, rapid screening, and hospital hygiene key to preventing future transmission

The origins and future perspectives about meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are outlined in a review in this week's issue of THE LANCET. S. aureus meticillin resistance was first reported in the early 1960s, but widespread resistance has only b...

Surgical instruments may not be fair trade

...e currently no checks or assessments made into the origins of surgical instruments used by the NHS. "The trade in surgical instruments is open to unethical sourcing because many such instruments are manufactured in the developing world," writes Dr Bhutta. The global trade in hand held stainless steel sur...

Production of key Alzheimer's protein monitored for first time in humans

...r an important and longstanding question about the origins of Alzheimer's disease: Do Alzheimer's patients ha...dition to helping scientists better understand the origins of the condition, will likely help them improve its diagnosis and treatment. The scientists' result...

Hispanic 3-year-olds more likely to be obese than black or white children

...at which these differences begin to appear. Their origins may lie in the preschool years because eating and exercise habits develop early and because a mother's obesity before and immediately after birth may influence her child's risk. Robert C. Whitaker, M.D., M.P.H., and Sean M. Orzol, M.P.H., of Mathemat...

Computerized atlas highlights 'plethora' of changes in brain disorder

...should enable researchers to better understand the origins of developmental brain disorders and begin devising new approaches to treat them. Van Essen announced the creation of the brain atlas, known as the Population-Average, Landmark and Surface-based (PALS) Atlas, in summer 2005, when it was made availab...

News conference outlines American perceptions on food safety

... data on food-borne illness its frequency and its origins existing data indicates that food-borne illnesses send some 325,000 people to the hospital each year, and kill 5,000 people. Annual medical costs and lost wages are estimated at between $6.6 and $37.1 billion. To properly plan and educate about food...

Commonly used blood pressure medication prevents aortic aneurysm in mice with Marfan syndrome

...into the root causes of the disease, whose genetic origins they discovered in 1991. It was also Dietz and fe...connected the dots in the disease from its genetic origins to its mechanistic or biological pathways and finally to its treatment. In the latest experiments,...

Differences in pregnancy risks and outcomes among immigrant groups to the US

Since the number of people of Hispanic and Asian origins has been increasing in the United States, it is important for healthcare workers to assess the risk factors associated with pregnancy outcomes in these ethnic groups. A study in the March issue of The Journal of Pediatrics evaluates the genetic, bio...

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(Date:11/4/2014)... study examining only marketing directed at children on ... has found that the majority of black, middle-income ... marketing tactics. , Authored by Arizona State University ... is the first to examine the use of ... fast food restaurants and its relationship to demographics. ...
(Date:11/3/2014)... DUBLIN , Nov. 3, 2014 Research ... report "Cell Therapy - Technologies, Markets and Companies" ... evaluates cell therapy technologies and methods, which have already started ... Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is replacing the old fashioned bone ... described. Cell therapy is bound to become a part of ...
(Date:11/2/2014)... Physics World , James Dacey explores the ways in ... take their innovations from the lab into the commercial ... all start-up companies as they move from prototype to ... main factors: physics-based inventions are usually far from market-ready ... be a lot more complicated than had been originally ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 2Fast food marketing for children disproportionately affects certain communities 3Global Cell Therapy - Technologies, Markets and Companies: 2014 Report 2Global Cell Therapy - Technologies, Markets and Companies: 2014 Report 3The 'valley of death' facing physics start-ups 2
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