Tag: "outcome" at medical news

Upgrading donor lung quality to improve availability

... rates of 50 percent, with survival and functional outcome that compare favorably to the United States." They concluded: "It is interesting to note that there has never been a large-scale prospective study to assess adequately the criteria used to identify the 'ideal donor.' As the demand for lung transplan...

ACTOS (pioglitazone HCl) demonstrates significant improvements in cardiovascular outcomes

...was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled outcome study of 5,238 patients with type 2 diabetes and macrovascular disease. Patients were randomized to receive either ACTOS or placebo in addition to standard-of-care treatment (including the routine use of anti-hypertensives such as ACE inhibitors and...

Study finds safety test results on children's drugs not always reaching physicians

...in children or that it was associated with a worse outcome than the comparison therapy. Though the pediatric exclusivity program itself has been a useful tool in making drugs safer for children through labeling changes, more can be done to make sure this information is getting into the right hands, said Ben...

Exercisers may have better breast cancer survival

...dentifying factors in cancer patients that predict outcome (i.e., prognosis) is important for physicians plan...le these factors are statistically associated with outcome to some degree, they may not explain all the variation which has lead researchers to search for addi...

New strategy improves outcome for children with most common type of brain tumor

... course of chemotherapy substantially improves the outcome of children with a type of brain tumour called medulloblastoma, claim investigators in a paper published online in The Lancet Oncology. "Not only can we now cure about 70% of children with high-risk medulloblastoma, we can also cure more than 80% of ...

Short-term intervention programs have potential to reduce teen methamphetamine use

...Given the lack of previous preventive intervention outcome research on methamphetamine use, the results of the current study are welcome, indicating the effectiveness of three of four universal interventions on lifetime or annual methamphetamine use across two randomized studies," the authors write. "It is ...

Obesity leads to more aggressive ovarian cancer

...ifferent cellular characteristics of the tumor and outcome in women with advanced disease. Obese women were more likely to have mucinous types of tumors and tended to have non-serous types as well. Though increasing BMI was not associated with differences in treatment for women with advanced disease, a ...

Obesity leads to more aggressive ovarian cancer, Cedars-Sinai research shows

...her or not a woman is obese will likely affect her outcome once she has been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, a...ement in the fat tissue itself that influences the outcome of this disease in obese women," said Andrew Li, M.D., the study's principal investigator at Cedars-...

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and congenital anomalies

... on information from previous studies, the primary outcome of interest was cardiac septal closure and related abnormalities. For each infant diagnosed with a congenital abnormality, the researchers matched up to ten controls by date of conception and maternal age, region of residence, and diabetes status. ...

BMI cannot predict outcome for people with heart disease

...d measure of obesity - cannot reliably predict the outcome for patients with heart disease, concludes an Article in this week's issue of The Lancet. This is because BMI is an unreliable indicator of obesity, say the researchers. Doctors already know that obesity is a risk factor for developing heart diseas...

Racial differences in communication impact medical care

... on race may account for a significant part of the outcome differences. The literature is not consistent regarding whether racially distinct treatment patterns are due to patient preferences or physician biases. New data suggest that problems in doctor-patient communication may account for at least some o...

Alternative kidney test reveals hidden health risks

...eatinine concentrations had associations with each outcome that were much weaker, and significant only for the outcome of cardiovascular death." Shlipak says, "This tells us that the creatinine test, while broadly use...

Carnegie Mellon, Ohio State get grant to study link between antidepressants and suicidality in teens

...cant. That prompted the FDA to broaden its primary outcome to include suicidality, even though there is no evidence of a link between suicidality and suicide itself. The researchers will use the grant to analyze other data sources that might shed light on what relationship, if any, antidepressant use has w...

Drug addiction treatment sees drop in success rate

...ntered treatment increased. A British study of the outcome of treatment for drug addiction, published today in the open access journal BMC Public Health, also reveals that drug users were more likely to drop out of treatment if they had been coerced into it by the criminal justice system than if they had ent...

Different gene-expression predictors of breast cancer agree, UNC study shows

...these assays actually disagree or agree concerning outcome predictions for the individual patient," Perou sai...predictors showed "significant agreement" in their outcome predictions on individual breast cancer patients, despite having little gene overlap. Of the three p...

Terrorism and mental health focus of NIMH-funded study

...study because of the potential positive impact its outcome can have on people throughout the world," said Joseph Varley, M.D., chairman of Summa's Department of Psychiatry. "We continue to see events that impact the mental health of many innocent people. However, through this study, there is hope that we wil...

Placebo study frames depression treatment puzzle

...monstrate an association between eventual clinical outcome and regional changes in brain activity during a pl...uring the placebo lead-in phase and later clinical outcome of antidepressant treatment. "Treatment results appear to be predicted, in part, by changes in brain...

Osteoarthritis initiative releases first data

...e-art longitudinal database of images and clinical outcome information to facilitate the discovery of biomarkers for development and progression of OA. In this case, a biomarker would be a physical sign or biological substance that indicates changes in bone or cartilage. Nearly 5,000 people at risk of deve...

Diagnosis and referrals for kidney disease fall well short of need, Johns Hopkins study shows

... referral to a nephrologist can result in a better outcome for the patient, it is unclear whether primary care physicians who are providing appropriate care to CKD patients do any better or worse than specialists. "Many of these primary care doctors are in absolutely the best position to diagnose and treat...

'Domino' transplant program makes best use of altruistic donated kidneys

...at the top of the UNOS waiting list, regardless of outcome or need. "With domino-paired donation, all three...Montgomery. Specifically, the likelihood of a good outcome is increased by spreading the risk of recipient graft loss across more people. The neediest patients...

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