Tag: "pathways" at medical news

Autistic children's abnormal metabolic profile findings

...ould directly or indirectly affect these metabolic pathways and induce oxidative stress. Three (the catecho-O-methyltransferase gene, the transcobalamin II gene, and the glutathione-S-transferase M1 gene) were found to be significantly elevated in the autistic children. These genes are prevalent in the genera...

Technology helps Stanford shed new light on coronary bypass surgery

...new imaging system that lets doctors see the blood pathways they have created while the patient's chest is still open. Until now, doctors were almost never able to confirm whether bypass surgery had been successful while the patient was still on the operating table. In most cases, only after the chest had bee...

Being too clean could be hazardous to your health and the environment

... not known. "There are numerous potential exposure pathways that can be envisioned, such as inhalation and skin exposure, when using antimicrobial soaps to wash dishes or when taking a shower. There is also risk of exposure when using triclosan laden moisturizers as they may also react with chlorine in the wa...

Measuring enzymes at end of cancer pathway predicts outcome of Tarceva, Taxol

...le enzymes are the end target of numerous cellular pathways that are involved in cancer development and progression, the researchers say.Before these studies, no one has been able to accurately test the function of enzymes from a tumor sample, says Naoto Ueno, M.D., Ph.D., an associate professor in the Breast...

Tea may help prevent diabetes and cataracts

...se levels, which in turn affects other biochemical pathways that accelerate diabetic complications such as cataracts. "Most people, scientists included, believe that green tea has more health benefits than black tea," says Joe Vinson, Ph.D., a chemist at the University of Scranton (Penn.) and lead author of t...

More evidence suggests statins help cut risk for advanced prostate cancer

...assembly. There are clues to suggest key cellular pathways involved in cancer-risk reduction may include statins' effects on testosterone production, cell signaling, and inflammation. Or the drugs may play a role in changing prostate cancer cell membranes, which are rich in cholesterol. Prostate cancer is t...

Exercise slows development of Alzheimer's-like brain changes in mice, new study finds

...xciting because they offer insight into one of the pathways through which exercise and environment might promote resistance to development of cognitive changes that come with aging and AD," Snyder notes. "It is as though exercise or environmental enrichment forces the metabolism of amyloid precursor protein t...

Antibiotic might fight HIV-induced neurological problems

...ered that SIV triggers some of the same biological pathways of cell death and inflammation as these other dise...nocycline "calms down" as yet undefined biological pathways that involve two specific proteins -- MCP-1 and p38 -- implicated in damage in neurodegenerative dis...

Other highlights in the May 4 JNCI

...ng vitamin B6, play important roles in biochemical pathways related to DNA synthesis and DNA methylation, which are involved in carcinogenesis. Esther K. Wei, Sc.D., from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, and colleagues studied whether vitamin B6 measured as dietary intake and...

Three UCSD scholars elected to prestigious National Academy of Sciences

...s a leading world authority on signal transduction pathways that regulate gene expression in response to extra cellular stimuli. His key achievements include definition of elements that mediate gene induction by hormones, cytokines and stress, identification and characterization of the transcription factors ...

Latest research and emerging treatments for osteoporosis focus of NYAS conference

... have gained a better understanding of the precise pathways through which new and old bones are repaired and remodeled. Clearer too are the basic biological properties of the skeleton and how it responds to hormonal, cytokine, and mechanical stimulation. How are these exciting new studies opening the doors ...

Human eggs can develop from ovarian surface cells in vitro

...capable of differentiating along two developmental pathways and becoming either egg or granulosa cells. The authors speculate that this bipotent differentiation may represent a sophisticated mechanism created during the evolution of female reproduction, and not seen in ovaries of female prosimians (ancestral...

Treat depression and chronic pain separately, U-M researchers say

..."Our research provides further evidence that these pathways are quite independent." While this study looked at fibromyalgia patients, it is possible that the results may apply to people who have other chronic pain conditions, such as low-back pain, irritable bowel syndrome and vulvodynia, the researchers say....

New fat is needed to clear old fat from the system

...re effectively activate PPAR-alpha and fat burning pathways through the liver....

Innovative study finds way to 'bio-synthesize' an anti-cancer compound

...llamide compounds (A and C) and pinpoints the gene pathways that are used in that chemical biosynthesis. "Cora...ome. Working with Schmidt, they found the chemical pathways in the microbe's gene sequence that are responsible for producing patellamide A and C. Ravel, who le...

Scientists observe infectious prion proteins invade and move within brain cells

...uci. "Potentially, it may be possible to block the pathways that prions use to invade cells, their exit to oth... another cell? How do the many different possible pathways that lead into cells determine what happens to prion protein; some pathways could lead to digestion ...

3D atlas will help navigate the spinal cord

...f neurochemical markers (chemoarchitecture). Many pathways in the nervous system contain a particular protein which can be demonstrated in tissue sections using a technique called immunohistochemistry that involves the use of specific antibodies. The often distinct distribution of these chemicals in the rat...

Lowell receives Smith Family Award for Excellence in Medical Resarch

... type 2 diabetes. He has also identified molecular pathways mediating diet-induced thermogenesis and established the importance of beta-adrenergic receptors in regulating energy expenditure. His laboratory is also in the process of conducting neuroanatomical mapping studies to identify neurocircuits that may...

Researchers shed new light on cause of bedsores and other chronic wounds

...activates the production of c-myc as well as other pathways that affect the migration, growth, and regulation of skin cells. This is the first study to investigate the roles of c-myc and beta-catenin in impairment of wound healing in humans. It is published in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Path...

Study sheds light on the developmental origins of polycystic ovarian syndrome

...everal different factors working through different pathways that are implicated in the overlapping and varying...ore, our data suggest that different developmental pathways are implicated in the overlapping symptoms of PCOS. One pathway may be mediated by high maternal wei...

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(Date:7/30/2014)... of America (ESA) has elected ten new Fellows of ... acknowledges outstanding contributions to entomology in one or more ... following Fellows will be recognized during Entomology 2014 -- ... November 16-19, 2014 in Portland, Oregon. , DR. ... Department of Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences at the ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... Jackson Laboratory has received a pledge of $1 million ... name the Laboratory,s new Neurobehavioral Biometry Center. ... Center will enable the Laboratory to develop a greater ... the ultimate goal of accelerating the pace of research ... serve as a premier resource for the Laboratory and ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... changing climate threaten some of the world,s most ... establish seed collections to save the seeds in ... some genetic diversity., For decades, these seed collections ... a one-size-fits-all approach for how many seeds to ... regardless of species, pollination mode, growth habitat and ...
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