Tag: "placental" at medical news

Study sheds light on the developmental origins of polycystic ovarian syndrome

...mation about their births, including birth weight, placental weight, and weight of their mothers at their last ...aternal weight in late pregnancy, birth weight and placental weight in relation to the symptoms of PCOS, or an existing or putative diagnosis of PCOS. Compared w...

Link between maternal malaria, pregnancy history, and infant risk

...as of Africa become pregnant. Many of them develop placental malaria, a pregnancy-specific form of the disease,...n-access medical journal PLoS Medicine, found that placental malaria does raise the risk of malaria in infants. The researchers also discovered a surprising prot...

Higher placental weight associated with increased maternal breast cancer risk

Women with a higher placental weight in prior pregnancies have an increased risk...ancer. Serum levels of estrogens, progesterone and placental growth hormones are many times higher during pregnancy than during other periods of life, and pregna...

Pregnant women with abnormal placentas may have an increased risk of early cardiovascular disease

Women who have a maternal placental syndrome during pregnancy have a higher risk of pr...should be emphasised, state the authors. Maternal placental syndromes, include pre-eclampsia, high blood pressure during pregnancy, and conditions where the pla...

Mother-to-child transmission of HIV

...en-access medical journal PLoS Medicine implicates placental microtransfusions in HIV transmission. Placental... ask whether there is a link between the extent of placental microtransfusions and the likelihood of HIV transmission. Kwiek and colleagues studied a group of ...

Study uncovers placental microtransfusions lead to transmission of AIDS virus during childbirth

...hows strongly for the first time that what we call placental microtransfusions during birth are responsible for...umbilical cord blood samples -- a protein known as placental alkaline phosphatase as an indicator of maternal-fetal microtransfusion. "This enzyme, made in the p...

Perinatal complications linked to eating disorders

...of hemoglobin in the blood), diabetes mellitus and placental infarction (death of part of the tissue of the placenta)--increased a child's risk of developing anorexia nervosa. Neonatal heart problems, hypothermia (low body temperature), tremors and hyporeactivity (a less than normal response to stimuli) also ...

Induced labor has some benefits in cases of premature water break

...ton said. A pregnant woman's water breaks when the placental membrane ruptures at the start of or during labor....ho waited for labor to develop an infection of the placental membranes called chorioamnionitis. Middleton and colleagues calculated that one case of chorioamnion...

Placental growth factor may help body repair heart attack damage

...h of new blood vessels and this over-expression of placental growth factor (PlGF) may help reduce damage to the heart muscle, according to a new study in the April 18, 2006, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. "Because the degree of PlGF production released from the heart after a heart ...

Sick of being pregnant? Inducing labor carries risks, Saint Louis University research finds

...f developing chorioamnionitis, an infection of the placental tissues and amniotic fluid, new Saint Louis University research finds. Elisabeth Erekson, M.D., a resident in obstetrics, gynecology and women's health at Saint Louis University School of Medicine, presented her research at the annual meeting of the ...

Early estrogen exposure leads to later prostate cancer risk

...astics when heated, turns up in human blood and in placental and fetal tissues in even higher concentrations. In this study, a research team led by Dr. Gail Prins of the University of Illinois at Chicago and Dr. Shuk-Mei Ho of the University of Cincinnati exposed rats to low doses of estradiol, a natural estr...

Study details why listeriosis rates are 20-fold higher during pregnancy

...trains of Listeria, adjusting the dose so low that placental infections resulted only half the time. When she e...ind that a single bacterium is sufficient to cause placental infection," Portnoy said, "but even more surprising to find that they (the bacteria) migrated from t...

When preventing pre-eclampsia, a little carbon monoxide goes a long way

...rs have shown that carbon monoxide may prevent the placental cell death caused by oxidative stress injury, poss...mother and child. If maternal blood vessels at the placental barrier fail to remodel and adapt to the changing nutrient/oxygen needs of the growing fetus, the ma...

New findings could lead to vaccine for severe malaria

... believed." Now that scientists know that several placental receptors are involved in the binding mechanism, attention will be shifted to the parasite itself, and whether it produces many different surface proteins or if one and the same protein is able to bind to many host receptors....

Canadian study demonstrates medical induction of labor increases risk of amniotic-fluid embolism

...polyhydramnios (too much amniotic fluid), abnormal placental position or separation, and cervical laceration or uterine rupture. "Our findings confirm the hypothesis that medical induction of labour is related to an increased risk of AFE," added Dr. Kramer. "Although the absolute risk increase of AFE for wome...

Aspirin use during pregnancy could reduce risk of pre-eclampsia

... the placenta, causing blood clots in and death to placental tissue. This can lead to activation of the platelets and clotting system and an imbalance between hormones which promote and slow blood flow. Antiplatelet agents such as aspirin are thought to prevent pre-eclampsia by redressing this balance. The a...

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