Tag: "pneumococcal" at medical news
Study reveals gaps in vaccine financing for underinsured children
...f states were unable to provide publicly purchased pneumococcal
conjugate vaccine to underinsured children and 40 percent were unable to provide publicly purchased meningococcal conjugate vaccine. This meant that underinsured children were not able to receive state-purchased vaccine in either the private or publi...
Serious illness among children with sickle cell disease reduced with vaccine
...re between 30 and 600 times more likely to develop pneumococcal
meningitis, bloodstream infections, and other seri...sitys School of Medicine and colleagues, looked at pneumococcal
disease rates among young children with SCD in Tennessees Medicaid program before and after the intr...
Childhood immunization against pneumonia cuts hospital admissions by almost 40 percent
Routine infant immunisation with pneumococcal
conjugate vaccine (PCV7) has caused a 39% fall in ... evidence supporting the beneficial effects of the pneumococcal
conjugate vaccines in children. "The introduction of the vaccine could have a large effect in less...
Clinical guidelines help identify which children at risk of bacterial meningitis
...iotics. "In the conjugate H influenzae type b and pneumococcal
vaccines era, bacterial meningitis has become an uncommon disease in U.S. children. Therefore, the majority of children with CSF pleocytosis have aseptic rather than bacterial meningitis. Furthermore, our study confirms that most children with CSF p...
Rockhampton part of worldwide fight against respiratory infections
...ons. Professor Kyd said while the new paediatric pneumococcal
vaccine targets some of the problem bacteria, but there is a gap in vaccine coverage, meaning that children still become infected by the other bacteria that cause the same type of infection. Many children suffer pain, require repeated courses of anti...
Newsbriefs from the journal Chest, May 2006
...r etiologies. Findings support the need to promote pneumococcal
vaccination in patients with a history of alcoholism. The study appears in the May issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians. BRONCHITIS MOST COMMON CAUSE OF CHRONIC COUGH IN CHILDREN New research shows t...
Lack of health insurance associated with decreased use of health care services
...ent, 33 percent of adults with diabetes received a pneumococcal
vaccination while 88 percent had glycosylated (linked to glucose) hemoglobin measurement. Health insurance and annual household income were both strongly associated with use of recommended health care services. Among higher-income adults, lacking in...
Europe slow to add infant pneumococcal vaccine to national programmes despite strong US results
Up to 90 per cent of cases of invasive pneumococcal
diseases (IPD) - which includes serious infections...ch adopted universal vaccination with the 7-valent pneumococcal
conjugate vaccine in August 2000, following the advice of the US Centers for Disease Control and Pre...
Significant reduction in antibiotic-resistant pneumococcal disease since the introduction of PREVNAR
... States, the rate of antibiotic-resistant invasive pneumococcal
disease (IPD) has substantially decreased in infan...tions in antibiotic-resistant IPD, irrespective of pneumococcal
serotype, although the rate of penicillin non-susceptible disease due to non-vaccine serotypes incre...
Vaccinated adults less likely to die from pneumonia
...s hospitalized for pneumonia who have received the pneumococcal
vaccine are at a lower risk of dying from the dise...ercent of the patients were known to have received pneumococcal
vaccination prior to being hospitalized, 23 percent were unvaccinated, and the rest had unknown vacc...
Study finds smokers' children carry higher levels of harmful bacteria
...lso more likely than non-exposed children to carry pneumococcal
serotypes responsible for most of the invasive S. pneumoniae disease. In the mothers, differences were also noted--32 percent of mothers who smoked carried S. pneumoniae, compared with 15 percent of mothers who were exposed to smoking and 12 percent ...
Novel vaccine effective against middle ear infection in young children
...4968 infants were randomly assigned to receive the pneumococcal
protein D vaccine (intervention group) or hepatiti...d that there were 333 cases of otitis media in the pneumococcal
protein D vaccine group and 499 in the control group. They also found that using the vaccine not onl...
The case for pneumococcal vaccination of infants
...unization recommends that children receive the new pneumococcal
vaccine PCV7 beginning at 2 months of age, provincial implementation of the recommendation has been slow. The vaccine protects against infections that result in pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis and other diseases. In Alberta, however, the vaccine ...
Preventing pneumonia in children helps prevent pneumonia in older adults
...ng to a study in the October 26 issue of JAMA. The pneumococcal
conjugate vaccine (PCV-7) was licensed for use in ...-7 to interrupt transmission, declines in invasive pneumococcal
disease incidence among older adults were observed in 2001, the year after PCV-7 introduction. Cath...
Rapid restoration of immunity in immune-suppressed cancer patients using T-cell vaccines
...fective Patients in the study were all given two pneumococcal
vaccines one month and three months after their st...ed into four groups: one group received an initial pneumococcal
vaccine before transplantation and chemotherapy, then a T-cell vaccine immediately after; a second g...
Delivery of routine preventive services suboptimal for medicare beneficiaries
... and influenza (50.2 percent vs. 39.2 percent) and pneumococcal
(8.2 percent vs. 6.4 percent) vaccinations. Other variables associated with delivery of preventive services after adjustment for patient and geographic factors included obtaining usual health care from a physician who worked in group practices of 3 ...
Study supports whooping cough booster shot for adolescents
...) or measles vaccination, but similar to those for pneumococcal
vaccination -- were highly sensitive to assumptions about disease incidence, vaccine efficacy, side effects, and vaccine costs, the authors write. "In the past, vaccination programs were cost-saving and life-saving," says Lee, who is also an infecti...
Fragile US vaccine system needs improvement despite dramatic gains in health over past century
...years for varicella (chickenpox), hepatitis A, and pneumococcal
disease have led to significant reductions in disease in young children, including a drop of 92 percent in mortality from chickenpox in children four years and younger. Despite its successes, the U.S. vaccine system is fragile and needs significant ...
Is the vaccine industry ailing?
...y," writes Dr. Offit. He cites the vaccine against pneumococcal
disease in children, which has annual U.S. gross sales of about $1 billion, the highest revenue generated by a vaccine. In contrast, markets for cholesterol-lowering agents, hair loss products, potency drugs, or drugs for heart disease or obesity are...
A common bacterium leads to serious blood infection in many seniors, new study finds
.... While there is a vaccine to protect seniors from pneumococcal
bacteremia, which starts in the lungs, there is no.... coli bacteremia three times more common than the pneumococcal
infection," said Jackson. "That suggests that development of a vaccine could save many lives." Whil...