Tag: "pneumonia" at medical news

Community MRSA is re-emergence of 1950's pandemic

...us aureus bacteria caused skin lesions, sepsis and pneumonia in children and young adults around the world. This pandemic of both hospital and community acquired infections waned throughout the 1960s as the antibiotic meticillin was used to treat these infections. Now researchers have shown that one of the key...

News briefs from the journal CHEST, April 2005

...rchers found that patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), who are unable to walk when admitted to the...luenced the mortality rate in this population were pneumonia severity of illness score, site of care, and consultation by a respirologist or infectious disease p...

Study shows antibiotic treatment does not reduce risk of secondary cardiac events

...eumoniae, which spreads through the air and causes pneumonia or mild repiratory disease, at some point in their lives. This study, called the Azithromycin coronary events study, or ACES, found no benefit from treating the C. pneumoniae bacteria with an antibiotic in order to reduce the risk of heart attack or ...

Study finds drug works against scleroderma lung disease

...ared with the placebo group, such as five cases of pneumonia in the treatment group compared with one in the placebo group. The number of deaths in each group was the same-2 patients each. "Nobody died of toxicity from the drug," Dr. Tashkin said. "We know cyclophosphamide has toxic effects, but you have to ba...

Measuring hormone cuts antibiotic use in half in pneumonia patients

...can help doctors greatly reduce the number of days pneumonia patients have to take antibiotics to cure their in... International Conference on May 24. In the study, pneumonia patients whose level of the hormone procalcitonin was measured during the course of their illness to...

Home care patients suffering high rate of pneumonia, complications

...who are receiving home care are at higher risk for pneumonia because of the reasons they require home care. The...t will allow physicians to emphasize prevention of pneumonia to their patients who are receiving home care by good nutrition, and vaccination against influenza a...

Skin infections caused by MRSA are cured more often when treated with Pfizer's ZYVOX

...ogens include Gram-negative organisms. Nosocomial pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus (methicillin-susceptible and -resistant strains) or Streptococcus pneumoniae (including multidrug-resistant strains [MDRSP]*). Combination therapy may be clinically indicated if the documented or presumptive pathogens...

Medicare's investment in quality improvement may not be paying off

...ation, acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, pneumonia and stroke--using 15 quality indicators specifical... improvement in the screening and administering of pneumonia vaccination compared to non-participating hospitals. Of the 14 remaining, non-statistically signific...

Quality of care not necessarily better in hospitals that participate in quality improvement program

... that participating hospitals improved more on the pneumonia immunization indicator than nonparticipating hospitals," the authors note. "The IOM (Institute of Medicine) is currently evaluating the QIO program, including operations, program evaluations, and whether other entities could perform the QIOs' functio...

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for June 2005 (second issue)

...stem disease as their primary diagnosis. COPD and pneumonia are, respectively, the fourth and fifth most frequent reasons for hospital discharge to home care for Medicare patients. The expert subcommittee pointed out that chest physicians and pulmonologists need to recognize that earlier hospital discharge, o...

Late peak may have prevented severe flu season from becoming worse

...cted in hospital admissions for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), one of the most common complications of the flu. Solucient analyzed CAP discharge data from October 2002 through March 2005. The data was provided by ACTracker TM , an online tool that provides national estimates of hospital and drug utilizati...

Routine vaccination could eliminate Hib disease in children in developing countries

...terial microorganism that can cause meningitis and pneumonia should be introduced for children in developing countries, suggests a report published in this week's issue of THE LANCET. The study shows that disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) has been virtually eliminated from children in The G...

Handwashing with soap key to reducing burden of childhood disease

...at hand washing with soap reduced the incidence of pneumonia by 50% in children under 5 when compared with controls. Handwashing also reduced also the incidence of diarrhoea by 53% and a bacterial skin infection called impetigo by 34% in children younger than 15 years. There was no difference in disease incide...

Quality of care in hospitals varies among regions and within individual hospitals

...congestive heart failure but did not do as well in pneumonia care. The findings appear in the July 21, 2005 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. An accompanying editorial also appears in this issue of the journal. Until now, there has been no national database on the quality of care at U.S. hospitals....

Efforts to improve hospital care

...yocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and pneumonia because they frequently lead to hospitalization an...yocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and pneumonia has improved. It is even possible that unmeasured aspects of care for these three conditions has det...

Statins protect from death from pneumonia

Patients hospitalised because of pneumonia are at less risk of dying from the disease if they...tre at San Antonio measured the risk of dying from pneumonia in patients admitted with pneumonia who were taking statins prior to their entry into hospital. They...

New method rapidly detects potential bioterror agent

...inal pain and chest pain. Q fever can also lead to pneumonia and hepatitis. The chronic form of the disease can cause endocarditis, an infection of a heart valve, and even lead to death. In addition to being a public health threat, Coxiella burnetii is listed as a Category B bioterrorism agent because of its ...

Vaccine may protect babies from lethal infection

...rwhelming infection called septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia and long-term damage such as hearing loss, impaired vision and developmental problems. The bacteria come and go in most women, infecting about 25 percent at any one time and for unclear reasons a higher percentage of black women and non-smokers, D...

Troubling trends converge

...itis (like "flesh-eating disease") and necrotizing pneumonia (an aggressive tissue-destroying lung infection) caused by community-acquired MRSA. These lethal manifestations are the "tip of the iceberg," Daum said, "but this is getting to be a substantial iceberg." The overall rate of Staph infections has b...

Effects of bacterial pneumonia no worse for HIV-positive patients

...-positive patients with CAP, or community-acquired pneumonia (pneumonia contracted outside of hospitals) were c... ways, Dr. Marrie said. "Patients with less severe pneumonia may be hospitalized less if physicians know that their HIV infection won't put them at any additiona...

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