Tag: "poly" at medical news

Diets high in choline may increase risk for colorectal polyps

... Major food sources of choline include red meat, eggs, poultry, and dairy products. Choline is involved in a biochemical process known as one-carbon metabolism. Studies have shown that people with increased intake of other nutrients required for one-carbon metabolism, such as folate, are at a decreased...

Worcester Polytechnic Institute to host national forum on locating first responders inside buildings

... A 2005 report from the National Fire Protection Association noted that getting lost, trapped, or disabled inside buildings is the third leading cause of firefighter fatalities. There is also a critical need for indoor...

Cedars-Sinai endocrine researchers to discuss gene that may be linked to polycystic ovary syndrome

... ... Women with PCOS have many small cysts on the periphery of the ovaries and suffer from symptoms that include me...

No data to support leaving small colon polyps in place

on the cost-effectiveness of colorectal cancer screening with CT colonography and the im...

New project to analyze why Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and insulin resistance are so closely linked

... ... The new 97K project aims...

Polymers show promise for lab-on-a-chip technology

... ... "Based on our research of liquid crystalline polymers, we anticipat...

Study finds that vioxx reduces the risk of colorectal polyps

... ] in advance of being published in the journal, Gastroenterology. Extensive data have suggested previously that asp...

Rofecoxib significantly reduces the risk of recurrence of colorectal polyps

, the journal for the members of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA). The study, "A Randomized Trial of Rofecoxib for the Chemoprevention of Colorectal Adenomas," is scheduled for publication in December, but was released on-line in August due to the significance of the findings. The manuscript can be found on-line at <A HREF="http://www.gastro.org/user-assets/Documents/13_Medi...

High polyunsaturated fat and vitamin E intake may halve motor neurone disease risk

A high dietary intake of polyunsaturated fat and vitamin E seems to halve the risk of developing motor neurone disease, suggests research published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.... ... Polyunsaturated fats include omega 3 found in certain vegetable oils and omega 6, found in fish and green leafy vegetables.... ... The authors base their findings on 132 pa...

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Cleveland Clinic establish biomedical research collaboration

TROY, N.Y. Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N.Y., the nation's oldest technological university, are collaborating to further research at the intersection of medicine and engineering....... Under terms of a recently signed agreement, the institutions will jointly undertake research in several areas including nano-medicine, nano-bio materials...

New family of biodegradable polymers shows promise for intracellular drug delivery

A newly developed family of biodegradable polymers has shown potential for use in intracellular delivery and sustained release of therapeutic drugs to the acidic environments of tumors, inflammatory tissues and intracellular vesicles that hold foreign matter.... These polymers have several advantages over existing biodegradable polymers, researchers said. Among them, the polymers called polyket...

Injection of synthetic polymer may improve facial wasting syndrome associated with HIV

Facial injections of polylactic acid, a synthetic biodegradable polymer, may help improve the debilitating facial lipoatrophy (loss of fat in the face) associated with HIV infection and its treatment, according to an article in the March issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals....... Advances in treatments for HIV, including combination antiretroviral therapy, have ena...

Costs of 'polypill' could drain global health budgets

Treating everyone, or those at only moderate risk of cardiovascular disease, with the polypill would not save any money at all, even if the drug cost nothing to make, finds research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health....... The "magic bullet" could drain global health budgets, unless it is carefully targeted and very cheap to manufacture, suggest the authors....... The formulatio...

Who's the liar? Brain MRI stands up to polygraph test

Traditional polygraph tests to determine whether someone is lying may take a back seat to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), according to a study appearing in the February issue of Radiology. Researchers from Temple University Hospital in Philadelphia used fMRI to show how specific areas of the brain light up when a person tells a lie....... "We have detected areas of the brain activat...

Polycystic kidney disease

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the PKD Foundation have launched two treatment trials for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The common inherited disorder is characterized by cysts in the kidneys and other organs, high blood pressure, and aneurysms (bulges in blood vessels, which may burst) in the brain. Symptoms usually appear between the ages of 30 and 40 and in...

Polymorphism and antibodies associated with highly increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis

People who have a specific genetic variant of the PTPN22 gene and test positive...for antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptide are much more at risk of...developing rheumatoid arthritis than people who only have one of these markers....A study published today in the journal Arthritis Research & Therapy reveals...that a group of people who have a specific genetic variant, or polymorphism, o...

New studies show young African Americans at much higher risk for pre-cancerous polyps

HONOLULU, October 31, 2005 -- Two studies released at the 70th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology show that young African Americans are at a much higher risk for colon cancer than other races. One study found that African Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer at a younger age than whites, while the other looked at racial differences in colonoscopy and...

Toasty oat aroma influenced by presence of health-linked polyphenols

Penn State food scientists have shown that the amount of health-linked polyphenols present during roasting or baking influences the toasty aroma developed by oats and might be used to limit the generation of off-flavors in oat products. ... Polyphenols are a large family of naturally occurring plant components that have been associated with a wide variety of health benefits. Flavonoids and some...

Polypharmacy in children on the rise in the US

Providence, RI Pediatric polypharmacy, the practice of prescribing two or more medications for psychiatric symptoms in children, is on the rise in the United States, raising concern about unknown side effects, according to a new study appearing in the August issue of the journal Psychiatry 2005. ......"This is a critical issue - it's not uncommon to find a child on an anti-depressant, a mood sta...

Calcium may prevent polyps, but effect on cancer still not known, study finds

Although calcium supplements might prevent development of polyps that sometimes lead to colon cancer, there is not enough evidence that the mineral can prevent colorectal cancer itself, according to a new study....... The study, a review of two earlier well-designed randomized controlled trials, found a moderate protective effect on development of colorectal adenomatous polyps, the small, general...

Poly/mono balance important to cholesterol-lowering diet

In the search for the best fats for a heart healthy diet, trans- and saturated fats have long been recognized as undesirable and those that contain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are preferred -- with no clear benefit demonstrated for higher levels of either the PUFAs or the MUFAs within recommended limits. ... Now, a Penn State study provides evide...

Study sheds light on the developmental origins of polycystic ovarian syndrome

New research suggests that the way baby girls develop in the womb may affect whether or not they develop polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)* as adults and the severity of the symptoms if they do....... This major population study examines maternal factors during pregnancy and their impact on the subsequent development of PCOS, and is the first to reconcile previous conflicting research on the dev...

'Virtual colonoscopy' effective in finding most polyps but may miss small ones

A type of noninvasive "virtual colonoscopy" can diagnose medium to large polyps as well as traditional colorectal probes can, but it may miss some smaller yet potentially cancerous growths, according to a new review of studies. ......The review -- limited to comparing the traditional procedure to use of computer tomography as a method -- also finds that despite seeming advantage for the person be...
(Date:10/14/2014)... is how to produce enough food to feed the ... Agriculture Organization of the United Nations predicts that food ... to feed a growing global population, and plants are ... production. Plants—grains, cereals, fruits, vegetables, and more—feed humans ... must tap into our knowledge of how plants work ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Montreal, October 14, 2014 – High doses of fish oil ... fibrillation, a common type of irregular heartbeat in which the ... The results of the AFFORD trial led by the Montreal ... American College of Cardiology on October 7th. , For ... antiarrhythmic therapy were randomly assigned to 4 grams of fish ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... – A team of scientists led by researchers ... and the University of Miami Miller School of ... key genetic pathway underlying bipolar (manic depressive) disorder, ... for treating bipolar affective disorder, as well as ... new findings, published online this week in Nature ...
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