Tag: "population" at medical news
U of M teen sex and depression study finds most teens' mental health unaffected by nonmarital sex
... a large group of teens affected, as half the teen population
is having sex. She cautioned that the study does not suggest that positive effects result from first-time sex among teens and said she hopes it will help policy-makers focus help on those most vulnerable rather than promoting a one-size-fits-all appr...
Some vitamin supplements don't protect against lung cancer
...n supplements, and there is a general sense in the population
that they prevent cancer, said researcher Chris Slatore, M.D., of the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle. We need to find out if theyre helpful or even harmful. The 77,738 men and women in the VITamins And Lifestyle (VITAL) stud...
Studies show role of age, gender, race and weight on cancer risk and treatment
...screening interventions among the African American population
to include complete colonoscopies," said Dr. Das of the Mayo Clinic Scottsdale in Arizona and senior author of the study. "Further epidemiological research is needed to identify site-specific risk factors for proximal colon cancers." Dr. Das will ...
Erectile dysfunction -- the canary in the mineshaft?
.... A random sample of men from the Olmsted County population
was evaluated by questionnaire, and community medical records of the subjects were examined. Logistical regression models examined the associations between ED and CVD. Men with CVD were 4.2 times more likely to have ED than men without heart disease....
Retinol lotion reduces the fine wrinkles from natural aging of skin
...y and ulcer formation, researchers say. With the population
aging so rapidly, it is important that we find ways of treating skin conditions of elderly people not just for purposes of vanity, but also for the healing of wounds and the reduction of ulcers, says senior author Sewon Kang, M.D., professor of derm...
Healthy body weight throughout adulthood may help delay disability
...e results are significant because the elderly U.S. population
is growing and is expected to double by the year 2030 to about 20 percent. "Over the past couple of decades there has been a trend towards declining rates of disability in older adults. However, the dramatic increase in overweight and obesity in t...
Cigarette use may explain asthma epidemic in children, says Mailman School of Public Health study
...g among lower socioeconomic status segments of the population
within the United States are consistent with our t...ince these are the most vulnerable segments of the population
among whom rates of childhood asthma are currently the most concentrated, she said. Although cigar...
Clinical trial data for Perforomist Inhalation Solution presented at International ATS Conference
...patients with moderate to severe COPD is that this population
tends to have many serious co-morbidities. What this robust clinical trial established was that nebulized formoterol fumarate, given at 20 mcg/2 mL twice daily, was well tolerated for maintenance treatment over the full 12 weeks of the trial. The s...
Genetic marker linked to aggressive prostate cancer
...have the largest and best-detailed prostate cancer population
to perform this study because Dr. Catalona has a rich database and follow-up on all of his patients," noted Helfand. The 8q24 genetic variation was originally discovered by deCODE genetics, a biopharmaceutical company in Iceland, in collaboratio...
Veterans exposed to Agent Orange have higher rates of prostate cancer recurrence
...blacks and whites and the results held up. "As a population
in general, if you were exposed to Agent Orange, youre more likely to have a recurrence," says Dr. Shah. "If you were black and exposed, you were more likely to recur than if you were black and unexposed." If it sounds odd that men who had their p...
Sleep apnea patients have greatly increased risk of severe car crashes
... apnea. The study found that while in the general population
men have more vehicle crashes than women, among sleep apnea patients, men and women crash at a similar rate. Although the issue of treatment is not addressed by this study, Dr. Mulgrew notes that data from other groups suggests that crashes relate...
New research supports early testing for prostate cancer
...statectomy. Cancers detected in a PSA-screening population
from Tyrol, Austria, had a statistically significa...urgical margins than those found in a non-screened population
despite similar preoperative PSA levels. Researchers evaluated 997 radical prostatectomy patients fr...
A first glimpse at healthy brain and behavioral development
...ormed, on average, better than previously reported population
averages. "We were pleasantly surprised by how well the lower-income children did when we focused on those who were healthy," says Waber. Although income did not predict performance on basic cognitive tasks, such as memory or reading individual words...
Papillomavirus vaccine could reduce rate of vulval and vaginal cancers
...asual HPV type, was seen in the intention-to-treat population
of sexually active young women. There has been ...exposure. The effect of vaccination in the general population
of sexually experienced young women is expected to be lower initially, due to prevalent HPV infectio...
Ulcerative colitis sufferers find UC quite disruptive to many aspects of daily life
...aine patients and 305 adults from the general U.S. population
who may have chronic health conditions. All patie... online panel that closely reflects the U.S. adult population
overall. Physicians were recruited from a list of all board certified gastroenterologists in the U....
Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions
...d-hand smoke exposure among this immigrant Chinese population
at home and work was high, note the researchers. "Particular attention must be paid to influencing smokers who are most likely to benefit from these policies but who are less likely to have smoke-free homes and whose families are most at risk," says...
Post-traumatic stress disorder 10 times higher in New Orleans than in the general public
... New Orleans, states, The incidence of PTSD in our population
post-Katrina reported in this research study is noteworthy and worth following as recovery efforts move forward. The prevalence cited in this study is not alarming to those professionals caring for patients who have been traumatized by the storm and ...
Atypical pathogen treatment vital in hospitalized CAP patients
...ize because the time to clinical stability in this population
is not measured and mortality is a very rare outcome," said Dr. Arnold. ...
Full-term, low-birth-weight babies at significantly greater risk for early respiratory symptoms
...e full 7-year follow-up, 38.9 percent of the study population
had at least one wheezing episode; 51.7 percent reported cough at night; and 37.3 percent a lower respiratory infection at a specific point in time. "Overall, 70 percent of the cohort had reported at least one respiratory symptom at some point in t...
Screening men over 65 for abdominal aortic aneurysms could save lives
...ely infrequent as a cause of death. "The overall population
benefit from screening appears to be established, ... there is a need to see whether surveying a larger population
of women would demonstrate that they could benefit from screening as well....
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