Tag: "population" at medical news
Tobacco and alcohol use independently increase risk of head and neck cancer
...ho smoke are more likely to drink than the general population
and vice versa. In a new study, researchers sought to tease out the independent effect of each risk factor on head and neck cancer development. Mia Hashibe, Ph.D., of the International Agency for Cancer Research in Lyon, France, and colleagues exa...
Vitamin D supplements may offer cheap and effective immune system boost against TB
...he skin between October and April, and much of the population
becomes deficient during the winter and spring. ...bal problem: an estimated one-third of the world's population
nearly two billion people are infected. Nine million people a year develop the active disease worl...
Higher intake of fish and vitamin D levels linked to lower risk of age-related macular disease
...The prevalence of AMD is likely to increase as the population
ages. There is currently no known way to prevent t...irmation of the vitamin D-AMD association in other population
Smoking, growing private hospital care for poor and US flu vaccine policies
...d-hand smoke exposure among this immigrant Chinese population
at home and work was high, note the researchers. ... how exposure to harmful behaviors of the majority population
can dilute the normally salutatory no-smoking habits of the African Americans. While just 10 percen...
Mailman School of Public Health researchers analyze air quality and weather changes by 2050
...ed risk of death for vulnerable persons. With a population
exceeding 21 million people in the greater NYC metropolitan area, ongoing urbanization puts a significant strain on natural resources and impacts air pollution levels and regional climate. The study highlights the value of modeling systems that quant...
One pill may be better than two for treating patients with high blood pressure
...ch, Va.Researchers used a treatment approach and a population
similar to the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial Lipid-Lowering Arm (ASCOT-LLA), which demonstrated the benefits of adding atorvastatin to high blood pressure treatment in adults with three or more risk factors for heart disease, including a...
Spanish project 'AmIVital' creates intelligent communication devices for elderly and disabled people
By the year 2026, 21.6 per cent of the worlds population
will be older than 65, 32 per cent of which will have some kind of disability. Official data confirm that the percentage of elderly people will increase dramatically within the next years: by 2050 there will be 180 per cent more people older than 80 ...
Chemotherapy more effective when given before breast cancer surgery
... of assessor, method and type of assessment, study population
and type of chemotherapy used." "The most appropriate method of clinical tumor response assessment remains a matter of debate," they add. The researchers say that preoperative chemotherapy is currently the standard of care in locally advanced bre...
An aspirin a day keeps colorectal cancer away
...icient to warrant a recommendation for the general population
to use aspirin for cancer prevention."...
New treatments needed for irritable bowel syndrome
...in developing countries, with between 5-10% of the population
estimated to be affected. Patients who present with IBS are typically female, aged 20-40 years. Most patients have abdominal pain or discomfort intermittently, with flares of pain lasting two to four days. Other symptoms include bloating, abnormal ...
Childhood obesity intervention shows promising results
...d. This may seem small for an individual, but on a population
level this reduction in weight gain, observed through a decrease in BMI z-score, would translate into large numbers of children moving out of the overweight category. Such a reduction is important given todays obesigenic environment where the shifts ...
Majority of herb users don't follow evidence-based indications, researchers find
...ion. The study found that only one-third of this population
took the herbal preparation for a known scientific indication. Dr. Bardia cautions that further study is warranted as the efficacy of herb use evolves and says much more needs to be learned about the clinical indications for individual herbs....
Swedish snus much safer than smoking but linked to pancreatic cancer
...kers and could produce a net health benefit to the population
if smokers switched to using it. But users of Snus...d, Australia and colleagues assessed the potential population
health effects of snus in Australia to estimate the difference in life expectancy between never-smok...
Stress of deployment increases risk of child abuse, neglect in military families, UNC study shows
...chose to study Texas because of the large military population
there and the availability of data. Researchers ...ntz also noted that this study was conducted using population
data. "A limitation of this study is that it just used aggregate data on maltreatment and deployment...
Comparison of patients' access to new and better cancer drugs reveals inequalities between countries
...SA, as well as 19 European countries, with a total population
of 984 million, and it looks at access to 67 innovative cancer drugs. It reveals that Austria, France, Switzerland and the US are the leaders in the use of new cancer drugs, with France replacing Spain among the top four since the 2005 report was pub...
Risk of lymphoma increases with hepatitis C virus infection
...plicable to the overall U.S. population. The study population
was mostly men (97 percent), the majority of patients were white, and the average age was 52 years. Patients in the HCV-infected group were more likely to have served during the Vietnam era (1964-1975) than were uninfected patients in the comparison...
$30 million boost to dementia research
...last month show that over thenext 40 years: the population
will continue to increase in size but with a highe...owth per person will slow as the proportion of the population
of traditional workingage falls; and substantial fiscal pressures will emerge due to projected incr...
Baby aspirin better for your health, University of Kentucky study says
...than 50 million people, or 36 percent of the adult population
in the United States, consume 10 to 20 billion aspirin tablets each year to protect their hearts from clots, which are the leading cause of heart attacks and strokes. "Patients should check with their doctor to be sure, but there is almost no one who...
US movies expose youth to billions of smoking images
...ntly free delivery of star smoking to a young teen population
is a tobacco marketer's dream," said Dr. Sargent. More than 3,000 actors appeared in these movies, and 500 of them smoked on screen. Yet 30 of the top stars, mostly male, delivered more than 25% of the total smoking images. At the same time, many...
Eggs promote weight loss and help close nutrient consumption gap
...ntake in the diets of specific subsets of the U.S. population
and found that usual intake is far below the Adequ...s one of the first to assess choline intake in the population
is important because choline is an essential nutrient needed for normal functioning of all cells an...
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