Tag: "precancerous" at medical news

Method shows promise for early detection of pancreatic cancer

...ed, however, the survival rate is 100 percent if a precancerous lesion is found and 50 percent for a stage 1 cance...ld effect to our advantage, he said. If you have a precancerous or cancerous lesion in the pancreas, even tissue that looks normal and is away from the lesion -- in...

Cancer research summaries

...who had received one or more blood products from a precancerous blood donor. The relative risk was not substantially affected by sex age, calendar period, or number of transfusions. What is more, there was no excess risk when patients who received blood from people with cancers at sites that are thought to have t...

International studies show high efficacy for HPV vaccine

...e goal of the study was to see if we could prevent precancerous cases and the results of this combined analysis show near 99 percent effectiveness. Everyone who gets cancer goes through a pre-cancerous stage," says Dr. Ault. "There are about 50 to 60 million pap smears performed each year in the United States, a...

New technique effective in closing accidental colonoscopy wounds

...ect signs of that disease either actual tumors or precancerous polyps. But in one out of every 1,000 to 2,000 colonoscopies, doctors inadvertently perforate or puncture the colon. Most of these patients need urgent surgery to close the wound and spend 10 days in the hospital. One in 10 dies, usually because...

Studies show role of age, gender, race and weight on cancer risk and treatment

...ce has not yet been established linking obesity to precancerous lesions in the colon called polyps. This study evaluated the effect of gender and obesity on the prevalence of colorectal polyps in a diverse population. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated for 581 patients enrolled in the study and classified ...

Blood transfusions from precancerous blood donors do not increase risk of cancer

...er 12,000 (3%) were exposed to blood products from precancerous donors. The recipients were followed for as long a...a provide no evidence that blood transfusions from precancerous blood donors are associated with increased risk of cancer among recipients compared with transfusion...

Study shows continued success for new HPV vaccine against virus responsible for cervical cancer

...e goal of the study was to see if we could prevent precancerous cases and we were 98 percent effective. Everyone who gets cancer goes through a pre-cancerous stage," says Ault. "There are about 50 to 60 million pap smears performed each year in the US, and about seven percent are abnormal. We spend about 3 bil...

Johns Hopkins develops pancreas cancer risk model

...through the mouth, esophagus and stomach to detect precancerous changes. The test provides sound-wave pictures of the pancreas, which sits next to the stomach. Klein says that the new model also needs to be assessed in other populations besides the Hopkins registry, and she hopes to determine how insurers wou...

Diet and lifestyle -- In the cancer fight, eating well is the best revenge

...that people who have had three or more potentially precancerous adenomatous polyps removed during a colonoscopy should be "rescoped" in three years to make sure the polyps do not recur. But now researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have identified other factors that independently raise the risk of re...

University of Leicester research reveals rice bran could reduce risk of intestinal cancer

...n caused an average 51% reduction in the number of precancerous adenomas in the intestinal tract. Professor Andreas Gescher of the University of Leicester in the UK, the principal investigator, said: "We compared the cancer-preventive efficacy of rice bran with respect to prostate, breast and intestinal canc...

Light-based probe 'sees' early cancers in first tests on human tissue

...device reliably differentiated between healthy and precancerous digestive tissue taken from the stomach and esophagus of three patients known to have a precancerous form of a condition called Barrett's esophagus. In less than a second, their fa/LCI-enhanced version...

Study shows that anal cytology predicts anal precancer in HIV-positive gay men

...al population to develop anal cancer. Detection of precancerous changes (anal dysplasia) by anal cytology essenti...of the presence of abnormal anal cells that may be precancerous and should prompt further investigation. The UCLA CARE Center is one of a handful of clinics in the ...

Genetic pathways to curable and incurable forms of pancreatic cancer identified

...beginning with the creation of a distinct class of precancerous lesions in the ductal epithelium called mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN). This initiates a process that results in the rarer but far less deadly cystic pancreatic cancer. MCN lesions often are large enough to be detected early by MRI or CT scan and a...

Aspirin reduces esophageal-cancer risk in people with most-aggressive form of Barrett's esophagus

... the most-aggressive form of Barretts esophagus, a precancerous condition that can lead to esophageal cancer, may benefit the most from preventive therapy with aspirin, ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. The researchers also identified a cluster of four known cancer biomarkers, o...

Temple University Hospital investigates treatment for cervical dysplasia

... who have moderate to severe cervical dysplasia, a precancerous condition," explained Hernandez. Amolimogene is an investigational immunotherapeutic from MGI PHARMA, Inc. that is currently being evaluated in a pivotal phase 2 clinical program in multiple centers in the U.S., including Philadelphia. "This produc...

Esophageal cancer rates climb with obesity; U-M study finds esophagectomy safe in obese patients

...phageal cancer and Barrett's esophagus with severe precancerous changes. It was originally developed at the University of Michigan as a surgical alternative to removing the esophagus by going through the chest, a much more difficult operation for the patient. The researchers sought to determine if THE is a saf...

Natural, soy-based substance might help fight MS, Jefferson neuroscientists find

...MS. It has been used for other conditions, notably precancerous conditions in the mouth. He and his co-workers compared two groups of animals with EAE. One group received BBIC, while the other received only an inert substance. Animals that received BBIC were able to walk while those that didnt get the drug wer...

Optical technique provides improved 'virtual biopsies' of internal surfaces

...smaller areas and could be useful for identifying precancerous lesions and dangerous deposits of plaque in the coronary arteries. "For diagnosing early-stage disease, the clinician has been basically looking for a needle in a haystack; so sampling only a few microscopic points of an organ, as we could with OC...

Ethnic disparities in Medicare claims?

...testing for prostate cancer; Pap smear testing for precancerous and cancerous cervical lesions, cholesterol testing, mammography screening for breast cancer and colorectal cancer screening tests. In addition, the team examined receipt of influenza vaccination. The results of Fiscella et al.'s study show that, wi...

HIV drug could be used to prevent cervical cancer, say University of Manchester researchers

... many thousands of women undergo surgery to remove precancerous lesions of every year. Instead they may be able to apply a simple cream or pessary to the affected area. The discovery may be even more significant in developing countries which lack surgical facilities and where HPV related cervical cancer is one of...

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(Date:4/16/2014)... the Physical Biosciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National ... recognized as a leading authority on the evolutionary ... their application to systems and synthetic biology, has ... 2013 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award by U.S. Energy ... Department of Energy (DOE),s highest scientific honor, is ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... To reproduce or to conquer the world? Surprisingly, ... Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have now shown how ... their species. , The bacterium Bacillus subtilis ... liquids and on agar surfaces by means of ... substrate. Actually, the bacteria proliferate most effectively in ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... Dr. Martin Prechtl, Leo Heim and their colleagues at ... a new method of generating hydrogen using water and ... particular interest when it comes to fuel cell technologies. ... hydrogen production using water and formaldehyde", have recently been ... Among other applications, the new approach can be used ...
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