Tag: "prevalence" at medical news
A 'broader' look at cardiac CTA images often finds diseases/disorders beyond the heart
...ing intravenous contrast and thinner slices on the prevalence
of these findings, he added. The study included 259 patients who had a cardiac CTA examination postoperatively. Of these 259 patients, 51 had at least one unsuspected, potentially significant finding. Of these, 24 had a cardiac finding such as int...
RAND finds cases of undiagnosed diabetes drop sharply
...he study also found the rate of growth of diabetes prevalence
is not as high or as dramatic as often projected. ...ercent to 7 percent -- a more than doubling of the prevalence
rate. However, when undiagnosed cases were considered as well, diabetes prevalence
rose overall from...
Anemia and tropical diseases; Is pharmacogenomics ready for the clinic?
...Tropical Medicine, UK) and colleagues say that the prevalence
of anemia in a community might be a good indicator... the burden of NTDs in that community since anemia prevalence
is objective and quantifiable, anaemia is a major complication of several NTDs, it can be measured e...
Waist-to-hip ratio may better predict cardiovascular risk than body mass index
...tion between different measures of obesity and the prevalence
of arterial disease. Our study shows that people w...diovascular ailments including heart attacks. The prevalence
of coronary artery calcium was strongly associated with waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio i...
Bioengineering to prevent iron deficiency?
...e, affecting an estimated 2 billion peoplethe high prevalence
of iron deficiency in the developing world has substantial health and economic costs, including poor pregnancy outcome, impaired school performance, and decreased productivity. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that 39% of children youn...
Researchers find vitamin B1 deficiency key to vascular problems for diabetic patients
... in diabetic patients. In a paper entitled "High prevalence
of low plasma thiamine concentration in diabetes linked to a marker of vascular disease", published in Diabetologia on 4th August, the team found that thiamine concentration in blood plasma was decreased 76% in type 1 diabetic patients and 75% in typ...
Geriatric health conditions have major effect on half of all seniors
... they are very common and increase dramatically in prevalence
with age, she says. To me, that says that clinicia...or more conditions. All conditions increased in prevalence
with advancing age. Among older adults with cognitive impairment, for instance, 55 percent were 80 o...
Osteoporosis screening and treatment may be cost-effective for selected older men
...rategy. The researchers found that the estimated prevalence
of femoral neck osteoporosis among men with a prio...ears to 33.6 percent at age 85 years. Osteoporosis prevalence
in the absence of a prior clinical fracture was lower, ranging from 7.6 percent at age 65 years to 1...
New research finds high prevalence of smoking among physicians in China
...arette consumers than any other country a smoking prevalence
of 31 percent among the general population. Physic...the United States (3.3 percent), where the smoking prevalence
in the general population is 20.9 percent, and the United Kingdom (6.8 percent), with 25 percent pre...
Why women get more migraines than men
...erstanding the mechanisms underlying the increased prevalence
of migraine in women. In addition, they add to growing evidence that CSD is a key target for the development of new migraine treatments. In a separate study, the researchers identified what they hope will eventually be a new treatment option for m...
Highlights from the August 2007 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
...ut increasing health-care costs. Given the growing prevalence
of both diabetes and obesity and the substantial burden of health care costs to patients, employers and society, effective interventions that are at least cost-neutral should be welcome additions to comprehensive medical care. Additional research ...
Medical residents unclear about TB guidelines
...imore and Philadelphia, which both have a moderate prevalence
of TB. Just under half of the questions were ans...well as HIV infection, have contributed to high TB prevalence
in urban areas in the US. ...
Should adult male circumcision be recommended for HIV prevention in the US?
...epidemics in Africa and the US, differences in the prevalence
of male circumcision in Africa and the US, and the considerable gaps in knowledge that exist regarding the potential impact of circumcision on HIV transmission by malemale sex. "The HIV epidemics in Africa are substantially different from the US ep...
Anti-gay hate crimes widespread
... This is the most reliable estimate to date of the prevalence
of anti-gay victimization in the United States, Herek said. The data demonstrate that crimes against sexual minority adults, especially gay men, are disturbingly widespread. Hereks findings were based on a survey he conducted in the fall of 2005 wi...
Early-morning Friday classes may prevent students from getting sloppy on 'thirsty Thursdays'
....m. - to help reduce excessive drinking. The high prevalence
of problematic alcohol use on college campuses acr...on to Friday and Saturday, is associated with high prevalence
and levels of alcohol consumption across all four years of college." Both Wood and Hingson suggest...
Children with sleep disorder symptoms are more likely to have trouble academically
...udy, which identified the relationship between the prevalence
of symptoms of sleep disorders and academic performance in second and third graders, found that screening students at school with a validated school-based instrument may identify students to be referred for appropriate medical and/or behavioral treat...
News briefs from the journal Chest, June 2007
...ords of 531,116 military draftees and assessed the prevalence
of asthma in both the number of children per family and the birth order. Results showed that asthma prevalence
was inversely related to the number of children in a family but only in families of four or more chi...
Alzheimer's disease to quadruple worldwide by 2050
... Health. The researchers also concluded the global prevalence
of Alzheimers disease will grow to more than 106 m...mers disease by as little as one year would reduce prevalence
of the disease by 12 million fewer cases in 2050. A similar delay in both the onset and progression ...
Study examines characteristics of female high school students who report steroid use
...tional surveys indicated dramatic increases in the prevalence
of teen girls using steroids. Previous analyses of female steroid use have focused on older women and found an association with competitive athletics and bodybuilding. Diane L. Elliot, M.D., of the Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, and ...
Do financial incentives for physicians improve quality of care for patients?
...ion and was associated with a reduction in smoking prevalence
among these patients. In a related commentary, Levinson and Bell discuss the challenges of implementing pay-for-performance incentives in Canada....
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