Tag: "prevalence" at medical news

Did 'ABCs' cause Uganda's fall in HIV rates?

...ent policies, both women and men benefited and HIV prevalence declined." Countering Murphy and Greene's viewpoint, Alexandra Mihailovic (University of Toronto) and Peter Olupot-Olupot (Mbale Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda), argue that "by emphasizing abstinence, the ABC approach is political and not eviden...

Claiming diagnostic tests for diabetes genes is misleading, say experts

... death in the developed world and is increasing in prevalence worldwide. The association is robust - the investigators replicated their finding in three large, independent study populations - and it offers potential new insight into the pathobiology of diabetes. Yet the claim that this knowledge will lead to ...

Bone mass continues to increase in liver transplant patients, despite early loss

...mass before undergoing a transplant, with a higher prevalence of osteoporosis among those with PBC. Four months after transplant, 51 percent of the patients had osteoporosis, but bone mineral density (BMD) increased for up to 4 years after transplant and remained above pre-transplant levels. The risk factors li...

Uninsured Latino children more likely not to get medical care

...ch has shown that certain factors that have a high prevalence among Latino children and their families also are ...red child, but Latino ethnicity is not. The higher prevalence of other risk factors appears to account for Latino children's high risk of being uninsured. Uninsur...

Depression, risky sex behavior linked in African-American youth

...up fifty percent of HIV/AIDS cases diagnosed. Such prevalence reflects the high rates of HIV risk behaviors among African American teenagers. In addition, the authors note that recent survey data suggest that African American high school students are more likely than their Hispanic or Caucasian counterparts to...

Women on oxygen therapy for COPD more likely to die than men

... studies of COPD, women had almost three times the prevalence of depression as men (38 percent versus 13 percent) and twice the prevalence of fat-free body mass depletion (40 percent versus 20 percent). While we do not know whether these c...

Sister, can you spare a million?

...nded to be older and postmenopausal with a greater prevalence of cardiac risk factors. Those with nonobstructive disease were more often obese and with prior hysterectomy, polycystic ovary syndrome and a positive stress test. When the researchers extrapolated lifetime costs from the five-year data, they took ag...

Rising health expenses are a good value, researchers say

...medical factors in longevity such as lower smoking prevalence and reduced death rates from accidents, suicide, and homicide, the researchers attributed 50 percent of the increase in life expectancy since 1960 to improved healthcare. Following this methodology, Cutler and colleagues estimated that from birth,...

Human rights abuses frequent in Haiti's capital

...ncy of human-rights violations, and especially the prevalence of sexual violence against women, demands a serious and thorough response from the international community, the new Haitian government, and non-governmental organisations working in the region. The new administration should take steps to stop any ong...

Rates of eczema and hay fever may be in decline

... have trebled over the past three decades, but the prevalence of symptoms seems to have fallen recently. Hospital admissions for eczema have also stabilised since 1995, while those for allergic rhinitis have fallen to about 40% of their 1990 levels. Similarly, consultations with a family doctor for hay feve...

Increase in severe poverty in the US has serious implications for public health

...erty. Likely health consequences include a higher prevalence of chronic illnesses, more frequent and severe disease complications, and increased demands and costs for healthcare services. Adverse effects on children carry long-term implications. "This is not just a problem for the poor," Woolf added. "Ex...

Analysis of Spanish flu cases in 1918-1920 suggests transfusions might help in bird flu pandemic

... be the source of the Asian infections. Widespread prevalence of the virus in birds increases the chance of transmission from bird to human. When human cases become transmissible from human to human, a flu epidemic begins. If it is virulent, it will spread fast. If there are no effective antiviral drugs availab...

New study seeks to lower diabetes risk in youth

...in youth. While there are no national data on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in youth, clinics around the co...rd of those affected don't know they have it. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen dramatically in the last 30 years, due mostly to the upsurge in obesity...

Levels of serious mental illness in Katrina survivors doubled compared to earlier survey

...cent versus 9.7 percent). They also found that the prevalence of suicidal thoughts given mental illness was sign...pondents who did not endorse these cognitions, the prevalence of suicide thoughts was comparable to the prevalence in the NCS-R. The researchers concluded that...

Mental health units should not be exempt from smoking ban

...ake, argue Jonathan Campion and colleagues, as the prevalence of smoking is high among people with mental health problems. Nearly three quarters of people with schizophrenia, affective psychosis, and other mental health disorders who live in mental health settings are smokers, and they are more likely to be h...

Prevalence of childhood allergies increasing worldwide

The prevalence of childhood allergies, such as hayfever, have inc...rgies in Childhood (ISAAC) to assess the worldwide prevalence of asthma, hayfever, and eczema*. Between 2002 and 2003, Innes Asher (University of Auckland, New Ze...

Prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 in US decreasing

It appears the recent trend in the increasing prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 in the U.S. has bee... to a study in the August 23-30 issue of JAMA. The prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 also decreased, but the incidence of genital herpes caused by this vi...

Even Superman couldn't win battle with pressure ulcers

...40,000 depending on the severity of the wound. The prevalence of pressure ulcers in Canada has been found to be at least as high as in the U.S., with an average of one in four patients across healthcare settings suffering from a pressure ulcer (ref: Prevalence of pressure ulcers in Canadian healthcare settings,...

Report issued on outbreak of serious eye infection linked with use of certain contact lens solution

... contact lens solution, ReNu with MoistureLoc. The prevalence of reported use of ReNu MultiPlus solution was similar between case patients and controls. Fusarium was not recovered from the factory, warehouse, solution filtrate, or unopened solution bottles; production of implicated lots was not clustered in tim...

Valve disease study suggests new public health concern, say Mayo Clinic researchers

...iograms. In the general population studies, the prevalence of adults diagnosed with moderate or severe valve ...f the adults were diagnosed with valve disease and prevalence also increased with age, from 0.3 percent in the 18- to 44-year-olds to 11.7 percent of those 75 and...

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(Date:11/4/2014)... Fla. (November 4, 2014) — Think about the way ... How do neighboring cells know that they are supposed ... how do these tissues find the correct place and ... answering these crucial questions. , In a new study, ... to communicate with their surrounding neighbors, at the head-trunk ...
(Date:11/4/2014)... (Nov. 4, 2014) – A majority of Madagascar,s 101 ... could have serious consequences for the rainforests they call ... the positive impacts lemurs can have on rainforest tree ... disappearance could have on the region,s rich biodiversity. , ... fruits eaten by lemurs. Lemurs in turn disperse ...
(Date:11/3/2014)... Colorado Cancer Center study published in this ... describes the activity of a recently discovered communication ... IL-37. It has been known to limit inflammation and ... immune system: IL-37 inhibits the ability of the immune ... this mechanism that underlies IL-37,s effect on the immune ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The inside story: How the brain and skull stay together 2Gardeners of Madagascar rainforest at risk 2Gardeners of Madagascar rainforest at risk 3PNAS: From HIV to cancer, IL-37 regulates immune system 2
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