Tag: "prevalent" at medical news

ADHD appears to be associated with depressed dopamine activity in the brain

...at often occurs simultaneously. ADHD is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder among children, according to background information in the article. Despite decades of research, the specific neurobiological mechanisms underlying this disorder still remain unclear, the authors write. Genetic, clinical and imag...

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Aug. 7, 2007, issue

...more geriatric conditions. Some conditions were as prevalent as common chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes, and presence of geriatric conditions was strongly associated with disability. Most geriatric conditions can be treated or at least alleviated. Authors note that current models of c...

Where is the most dangerous place to travel over the holiday?

...ly are common on the two-lane, undivided highways prevalent in rural areas. Rural roads, with lighter traffic and pleasant scenery, can easily lull drivers into a false sense of security. An over-relaxed comfort level can lead to motorists driving at unsafe speeds, distracted, fatigued, unbelted or impaired, ...

Smoking may interfere with alcoholics' neurocognitive recovery during abstinence

...t neurocognition in other conditions where is it a prevalent behavior, such as schizophrenia-spectrum and mood disorders. Further research is imperative....

New nutritional research: College students face obesity, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome

...ent of heart disease and diabetes, is particularly prevalent in males. Sixty-six percent of males (compared to 50 percent of females) had at least one risk for metabolic syndrome, and eight percent of males had metabolic syndrome. These individuals, if they continue on this trajectory, are going to be much...

Students with medical-related majors more likely to have poor quality sleep

...ss Scale. "Sleepiness and poor sleep quality are prevalent among university students, affecting their academic performance and daytime functioning. This study, which compared sleepiness and sleep quality among undergraduate students whose majors were either medically or humanities-oriented, found that, whil...

Revlimid data presented at ASCO stands to change the way physicians treat multiple myeloma

...white cells and stem cells. It is the second most prevalent of the blood cancers, affecting an estimated 750,000 people worldwide, and in industrialized countries it is being diagnosed in growing in numbers and in increasingly younger people. The Revlimid/dexamethasone combination is approved for use in the U...

Fat protein cuts blood vessel inflammation, may help heart, Jefferson scientists find

...ay help protect against the blood vessel damage so prevalent in patients with obesity and diabetes. Reporting June 1, 2007 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Barry Goldstein, M.D., Ph.D., professor of medicine and director of the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Di...

Doctors have key role in preventing and detecting child neglect and abuse

...its manifestations and extent vary. It is far more prevalent than is generally recognised." They add: "Measurement of child maltreatment is inherently difficult, since it is rarely seen directly by people outside the immediate family, and is often unreported." Many risk factors usually interact to place a ...

Second SPORT study shows surgery advantage for spinal stenosis and slipped vertebra

...s six times as many women as men and is especially prevalent among African-American women, surgery was twice as effective as non-surgical approaches in reducing pain and restoring functionality for patients. This publication follows the release of earlier SPORT findings in November, which looked at patients...

Survey shows asthma not controlled in majority of patients

...l. "We found that uncontrolled asthma is highly prevalent in patients using standard asthma medications," said Peters. "Our results highlight the critical need for improved asthma care and suggest that clinicians should expect a high rate of uncontrolled disease among their asthma patients." Uncontrolled ...

Risk of Parkinson's disease increases with pesticide exposure and head trauma

...generative parkinsonian syndromes. It involved 959 prevalent cases of parkinsonism (767 with Parkinson's disease) and 1989 controls recruited in Scotland, Italy, Sweden, Romania and Malta. Cases were defined using the UK Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank criteria. Patients with drug-induced or vascular ...

A new zest for life

...ts up to 16% of women and 6% of men, becoming more prevalent with age. The research has shown that treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone reduces tiredness, cholesterol and reduces the risk factors for heart disease by improving the markers of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteri...

Intake of vitamin D and calcium associated with lower risk of breast cancer before menopause

...ese compounds decline with age, they would be more prevalent in younger, premenopausal women. "Further investigation is warranted to study the potential utility of calcium and vitamin D intake in reducing the risk of breast cancer," the authors conclude....

Drinking 4 or more cups of coffee a day may help prevent gout

... consumption may affect the risk of gout, the most prevalent inflammatory arthritis in adult males. To examine how coffee consumption might aggravate or protect against this common and excruciatingly painful condition, researchers at the Arthritis Research Centre of Canada, University of British ...

Complications of type 2 diabetes in young people -- a ticking bomb

...yndrome, have all been found in studies to be more prevalent in adolescents with type 2 diabetes.One study reports the deaths of seven young black African-American males (aged 13-21 years) with previously undiagnosed diabetes. Review of their records later indicated they met the criteria for hyperglycaemic hyp...

NY-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center doctors present at 2007 AUA Meeting

... female sexual dysfunction in urologic patients is prevalent in all age groups, with age, menopausal status and the usage of anti-depression medication (SSRIs) functioning as significant risk factors. Satraplatin Significantly Improves Progression Free Survival (PFS) and Pain Control in Patients with Adva...

Marijuana worsens COPD symptoms in current cigarette smokers

...ng because both cigarette and marijuana smoking is prevalent in their area, says Dr. Tan. They found that 49% of participants ages 18 to 39 and 46% of those 40 and older had smoked marijuana at least once. Among 18-39 year-olds, 17% said they currently smoked marijuana, compared with 13% in the 40+ age group. ...

A first glimpse at healthy brain and behavioral development

...ts of cognitive function, with gender effects less prevalent than in some previous studies. Boys performed better on perceptual analysis, and girls performed better on processing speed and motor dexterity. Girls also showed a slight advantage on verbal learning, but by adolescence, this advantage had disappear...

Papillomavirus vaccine could reduce rate of vulval and vaginal cancers

...ng women is expected to be lower initially, due to prevalent HPV infection. "This intervention could greatly reduce the morbidity, mortality and health-care costs associated with these diseases."...

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(Date:10/17/2014)... To date, antidotes ... doctors are often limited to supportive therapy such as induced ... of drugs involved. So what can be done if a ... professor Jean-Christophe Leroux from the Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences at ... "The task was to develop an agent that could eliminate ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... on how the bowel lining develops and, in the ... starts. , The researchers produced evidence that stem cells ... are a feature of the bowel lining, and believe ... a controversial finding as scientists are still divided on ... Dr Chin Wee Tan and Professor Tony Burgess from ...
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