Tag: "prevent" at medical news

Steroid-free regimen with CellCept found comparable to standard therapy in liver transplantation

... achieve the right balance of immunosuppression to prevent acute rejection without over-suppressing the immun...the world using CellCept for more than a decade to prevent organ rejection in their transplant patients, Roche is looking to the future," said Robert Gordon, M...

Researchers largely at fault for health risk studies that influence and confuse the public

...er framework of discovering the causes and ways to prevent diseases and disorders. Researchers are on the front line of accomplishing these changes. We are responsible for the quality of the studies that we conduct and for the interpretation of our studies to the media, the general public and our colleagues....

New national effort seeks a more rational organ allocation system for kidney transplants

... Among them are: ethical issues; barriers that may prevent patients from having equitable access to the organ allocation system; medical issues about tissue typing and immune system profiles that determine whether an organ will be accepted or rejected; and a review of kidney allocation systems in other count...

Scientists observe infectious prion proteins invade and move within brain cells

...er understand TSE diseases and may lead to ways to prevent or minimize their effects. TSE, or prion, diseases include scrapie in sheep and goats; chronic wasting disease in deer and elk; mad cow disease in cattle; and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in humans. Under the direction of Byron Caughey, Ph.D., at the Ro...

University of Pittsburgh study shows using expanded critera donors is safe

...tween the various groups of patients. Treatment to prevent recurrent HBV infection consisted of hepatitis B immune globulin and/or lamivudine for groups one and two. The mean follow up for all patients was two years and there were no significant differences between recipients of all groups with respect to ag...

New Illinois coalition supports cigarette tax increase

...se the number of Illinois adult smokers by 87,800, prevent nearly 150,000 Illinois children alive today from becoming smokers, and would lead to overall health-care savings of more than $3.1 billion." Led by the ACCP, CRTT includes the American Cancer Society, American Heart Association Greater Midwest Affil...

Risk factors associated with elderly hospital deaths: Dependence on others and being too thin

...ea for meals, and walk to the bathroom. We want to prevent their functional decline when they are in the hospital." The study found that a body mass index of less than 20 coupled with a person's inability to independently perform routine daily activities is a marker of death during hospitalization. Body mass...

Researchers study natural products that may prevent certain cancers

...urcumin, studies on the potential of curcumin to prevent cancer are underway. Human clinical trials have been initiated in the past five years, and the National Cancer Institute has been developing curcumin as an anti-cancer agent since 1988. "A very interesting property of these compounds is that they hav...

High blood pressure causes pathological scars in the heart

...n that certain pharmacological treatments not only prevent damage to the tissue, but also repair the tissue d...e diagnostic means and pharmacological measures to prevent fibrosis of the heart in these 4 million citizens. Thus, this medical research offers a "message of ...

Personalized immunosuppression with leading organ transplant therapy may optimize patient care

...e precise amount of drug needed by each patient to prevent organ rejection without increasing toxicity, there... CellCept works to suppress the immune system and prevent organ rejection. The FDA approved dosage for CellCept for adult kidney transplant recipients is 2 g...

Emory study finds health care use, work productivity linked to health levels

...ote physical and mental health at the same time we prevent the onset and course of disease." Keyes' study found that 19 percent of those surveyed were "completely healthy" with high levels of both physical and mental health and low levels of physical and mental illness. This group reported the highest level ...

Statins decrease risk of colon cancer

...er evidence that statins may have the potential to prevent chronic diseases other than heart disease, and hel... advisable for everyone to begin taking statins to prevent cancer. "We are now working to identify those groups who are likely to benefit most. In order to pro...

Study shows even limited training improves communication with patients from other cultures

...of results. Assessments also had to be blinded to prevent any bias from skewing outcomes. Poor use of statistical analysis was also a factor in the assessment. The researchers found that a majority of the articles had flaws in data collection: Less than one-third provided enough information about participa...

Bad metabolism in blood vessels linked to high blood pressure and atherosclerosis

...hen perhaps modifying that metabolism can treat or prevent it," he says. "We're very interested in the potential for nutritionally modifying these processes with specific fats." One area of interest involves essential fatty acids, which regulate body functions such as blood pressure and blood clotting. The ...

Enhancing innate immunity improves Crohn's disease symptoms

...ng symptoms now can improve long-term outcomes and prevent some of the abscesses, fistulas and surgeries that are so common in many Crohn's patients," Dieckgraefe adds. Berlex Laboratories Inc., the pharmaceutical firm that owns Leukine, initiated the multicenter study that just concluded. The success of t...

Witnessing gun violence increases likelihood that a child will also commit violent crime

...o Neighborhoods. "Preventing one violent crime may prevent a downstream cascade of 'infections'. And the lessons learned in Chicago should be broadly applicable. Generalizing this to any large city should be valid," Earls said. The study, a five-year project that included interviews of over 1,500 children an...

Errors in intensive care units: medical staff report fewer unintended events than observers

...f incident reporting is to implement strategies to prevent recurrence. Therefore, to ensure that relevant targets for change are recognised, it is essential to know the reliability of staff reporting". This study demonstrated that ICU staff underestimate the occurrence and types of unintended events. The ...

Fluorescence device to diagnose atherosclerosis and tumors described at optics conference

...ue over time or guide therapeutic interventions to prevent plaque rupture. It may be that our probe will be attached to an angioscope or to an intravascular ultrasound catheter to investigate the plaque," said Laura Marcu, Ph.D., director of the Biophotonics Research and Technology Development Laboratory in ...

Study examines NSAID use and breast cancer risk

... Interest has also been growing in using NSAIDs to prevent cancer. Studies have found an inverse association between NSAID use and colorectal cancer, but studies of NSAIDs and breast cancer risk have had mixed results. To investigate the association between NSAID use and breast cancer risk, Sarah F. Marshal...

New technique appears to stop abnormal blood vessel growth

...ry evidence indicates this technology can not only prevent blood vessel formation but also help eliminate existing blood vessels, Dr. Ambati says. Much laboratory work remains before clinical trials are considered, he says. The researchers need to study the process in the retina, the target of abnormal blood...

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