Tag: "previous" at medical news

Novel catheter technique successfully patches holes in the heart

...tients, the VSD was an unintended consequence of a previous heart surgery. In all cases, the VSD allowed a portion of the blood in the left ventricle to shoot backward into the right ventricle with each heart beat, rather than being circulated to the rest of the body. As a result, patients were experiencin...

Estrogen is important for bone health in men as well as women

...se estrogen metabolites will vary among people. No previous studies have addressed the role of estrogen metabolism and the forms of circulating hormone in male osteoporosis. The Washington University researchers found that the amounts of active estrogen metabolites are a strong predictor of bone mineral den...

Use of Swedish 'snus' is linked to a doubled risk of pancreatic cancer

...nd American smoke-free tobacco. On the other hand, previous studies of oral and lung cancer in relation to Scandinavian snus have been negative." The main contribution of the new study is its conclusion that Swedish moist snus can be carcinogenic. However, the study also shows that the risks for users are ...

Probiotics could prevent necrotising enterocolitis in premature babies

...ta-analysis (a study which combines the results of previous trials) the researchers found the risk of contacting necrotising enterocolitis was reduced by 64% and the risk of death reduced by 53% in groups of premature babies given probiotics compared to the control groups. The risk of sepsis occurring in babi...

HPV infection linked to throat cancers

...PV and specific throat cancers in 2000, supporting previous work by other investigators. "We believed the lin...yngeal cancer, there is some good news. Gillisons previous studies, along with others, showed that these patients have a survival advantage with most living we...

US movies expose youth to billions of smoking images

... those who saw the least amountresults that mirror previous U.S. findings. "Viewing smoking in globally distributed movies is a risk factor for smoking in European adolescents," says Reiner Hanewinkel, PhD, Institute for Therapy and Health Research, principal investigator in the German study. "Limiting exposu...

Meditation may fine-tune control over attention

...w people allocate their mental resources. "Their previous practice of meditation is influencing their performance on this task," Davidson says. "The conventional view is that attentional resources are limited. This shows that attention capabilities can be enhanced through learning." The finding that atten...

RAND study finds alcohol advertising and marketing associated with adolescent drinking

...scientist and lead author of the study. "We did a previous study that found that children as young as fourth grade were very familiar with alcohol advertising and can tell you slogans and brand names. This new study shows that by the time they get to sixth grade, ads may be influencing them to drink." "Par...

Employers who recognize the impact of migraine may help to improve workplace productivity

...t more than 90 percent of employees who reported a previous migraine diagnosis screened positive for the condi...s experienced moderate to severe disability in the previous three months due to the condition. On average, one workday was missed per employee due to migraine, ...

Alpharma presents positive pharmacokinetic study results

...d naltrexone product were similar to that found in previous studies of Alpharmas currently marketed KADIAN (mo... sustained-release formulation and were similar to previous study results for KADIAN (morphine sulfate extended-release) Capsules. Most naltrexone levels were ...

Eggs promote weight loss and help close nutrient consumption gap

...This study further substantiates the findings of a previous study, published in the Journal of the American Co...among pregnant women is particularly noteworthy as previous research has demonstrated that choline may help with brain and memory development in fetuses. 4 , ...

HCV patients survival after liver transplantation is not improving

...on for liver transplantation in the U.S., however, previous studies have shown that these patients do not respond as well to liver transplantation. The difference has become even more striking in recent years, leading some to suggest that survival rates have been decreasing for patients with HCV who have rece...

Machine preservation may promote more organ sharing

...more than 30 hours, or from donors over age 70. In previous studies with up to four years of follow-up data, Stratta has shown that success rates with these organs are equivalent to those of conventional donors, in part because of appropriate donor and recipient matching through using the pump to assess viabi...

New study probes how religion can help HIV/AIDS patients

...reate better quality of life for patients." In a previous study published in December 2006, Szaflarski, Tsevat and colleagues showed that spirituality and religion play an important role in shaping patients perceptions of living with HIV/AIDS. In a report on the study, Sian Cotton, PhD, assistant profes...

Impact of a chemical component of diesel exhaust particles

... investigators used phenanthraquinone (PQ) because previous research found PQ to compromise the ability of larger blood vessels to relax. They have also noted that in certain populations, exposure to particle pollution may exacerbate various cardiovascular diseases. The principal nutrient artery (PNA) is ...

No link found between autism and celiac disease

BOSTON -- Contrary to previous studies, autistic children are no more likely than other children to have celiac disease, according to new research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurologys 59th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 28 May 5, 2007. Researchers compa...

Eating soup will help cut calories at meals

...hen they did not eat soup. "This study expands on previous studies about consuming lower-calorie soup as a way to reduce food intake," says co-author Dr. Barbara Rolls, who holds the Guthrie Chair of Nutrition at Penn State. "Earlier work suggests that chunky soup may be the most filling type of soup, so the...

Topical testosterone cream does not increase sexual drive in female cancer survivors

...ents often experience decreased sexual desire, and previous studies have shown an association between testosterone therapy, also called androgen therapy, and increased libido in women with adequate estrogen levels. Debra Barton, Ph.D., of Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and colleagues conducted a randomiz...

Heart failure medication does not improve survival, compared to more widely used medication

...ing to background information in the article. In a previous study, secondary analyses indicated that the drug levosimendan was associated with lower risk of death compared to dobutamine. Alexandre Mebazaa, M.D., Ph.D., of the Universit Paris Diderot and Hospital Lariboisire AP-HP, Paris, and colleagues with...

Inflammatory system genes linked to cognitive decline after heart surgery

...archers selected known variations in 37 genes that previous studies had implicated in various impairments of cognitive and mental function. When they looked at more than 500 heart surgery patients and correlated cognitive decline with the patients genetic makeup, they discovered that patients with two specifi...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... research projects study the effects of temperature and precipitation ... However, an important component of climate research, the UV-B ... in collaboration with their colleagues from the Universities in ... from the U.S. NASA space agency in such a ... influence of UV-B radiation on organisms. , The basic ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... another way of asking him or her to behave ... cells of the immune system tend to misbehave with ... these cells are known to misbehave similarly during spaceflight, ... cells to better understand how our immune systems change ... on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... Recent projects in two Minnesota cities demonstrate how ... projects continue a ten year program in New ... plans tailored to local conditions. , "Our goal ... protect themselves," said program co-leader Latham Stack, of ... have already worsened. We help communities move beyond ...
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