Tag: "psychologists" at medical news

Carnegie Mellon researchers open window into the ability of humans to recognize faces

...dition, and research by Carnegie Mellon University psychologists reveals startling insights into how the brains of those individuals operate. Psychology Professor Marlene Behrmann and postdoctoral associate Galia Avidan have found that people with congenital prosopagnosia--in which their ability to recognize faces...

APA applauds new California regulations for inpatient psychological services

... benefit of having their inpatient care managed by psychologists with full hospital privileges. New state regulati...ners. The California agency's new rules allow both psychologists and psychiatrists to direct patient care as a member of the hospital medical staff, including decisi...

The anatomy of sarcasm: Researchers reveal how the brain handles this complex communication

...can Psychological Association (APA). The Israeli psychologists who conducted the research explain that for sarcasm to score, listeners must grasp the speaker's intentions in the context of the situation. This calls for sophisticated social thinking and "theory of mind," or whether we understand that everyone thi...

Three reasons not to believe in an autism epidemic

...ns. The American Psychological Society represents psychologists advocating science-based research in the public's interest. Morton Ann Gernsbacher is a Vilas Research Professor and the Sir Frederic Bartlett Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is President-Elect of the American Psychological Soci...

Carnegie Mellon psychologist receives NIH grant

...inging. Cohen is one of the world's leading health psychologists and one of the architects of Carnegie Mellon's highly regarded health psychology program. In 1997, he published a groundbreaking article in the Journal of the American Medical Association demonstrating that people with diverse social networks and gre...

Strong magnetic fields aid severe depression

.... This is the conclusion arrived at by doctors and psychologists of the Bonn University Clinic in an article which has just appeared in the British Journal of Psychiatry (vol. 186 [2005], pp. 410-416). Nowadays depression is seen as amenable to treatment: with psychotherapy or medication most patients affected can...

Desire to stop drinking could be more important than therapy

...both group meetings and personalised sessions with psychologists - is effective. Cutler and Fishbain re-examined data from Project MATCH a large trial carried out in the late 1990's, which concluded that therapy for alcoholism produced excellent outcomes, although the results were controversial and inconclusive....

Mental-state reasoning is universal milestone in child development

...than on the basis of reality itself. Developmental psychologists have explored the refinement of mental-state reasoning in children, typically by measuring their ability to pass false-belief tasks, such as the example above. Yet previous research has only been conducted in Western cultures, where children pass suc...

Early warning signs of Alzheimer's show up across cognitive areas years before official diagnosis

...hrough dozens of Alzheimer's disease (AD) studies, psychologists have gained a clear picture of cognitive problems in people who will develop the degenerative brain disease. The meta-analysis reveals that people can show early warning signs across several cognitive domains years before they are officially diagnos...

UQ research to ease suffering from whiplash

...radisciplinary approach through collaboration with psychologists from UQ's Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation (CONROD) and the School of Psychology. Project volunteers will be required to wear a "Life Shirt" a specially designed shirt that collects data on heart and respiratory rates, a...

Psychologists find more sensitive tests for predicting Alzheimer's as well as changes in cognition

...n the course of the disease. In the first study, psychologists Pauline Spaan, PhD, and Jeroen Raaijmakers, PhD, f...ream (such as 9, 2, 5) went to the right ear. The psychologists measured how well participants recalled the digits presented to each ear. As predicted, people with ...

Liverpool psychology helps bring peace to European football

...ne with advice given to the force by the Liverpool psychologists before the tournament. If police were visible and the risk of trouble was thought to be normal, the proportion of uniformed officers visible in the crowd was on average only four per every 100 fans. Where police were present, they were in standard ...

NSF grant to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia bridges academic research, child safety innovation

...of engineers, pediatricians, biostatisticians, and psychologists by putting in place the mechanisms for translating findings, such as those from PCPS, for those who can effect change through safety improvements. Products of the center will range from research reports to patentable new safety technology and tested...

Multiple-birth babies, boys have higher risk of defects

... adds to the knowledge to help genetic counselors, psychologists and physicians to better prepare parents as to what the outcomes might be," Resnick said. "They can discuss this information and ask questions before deciding to start a family."...

Penn psychologists believe 'unit bias' determines the acceptable amount to eat

...ions using smaller utensils. That's the word from psychologists at the University of Pennsylvania. The findings, to be published in the journal Psychological Science, demonstrate the power of what the researchers have termed "unit bias": the sense that a particular portion of food is appropriate. Unit bias prov...

Mildly depressed people more perceptive than others

...than those who aren't depressed, a team of Queen's psychologists has discovered. "This was quite unexpected because we tend to think that the opposite is true," says lead researcher Kate Harkness. "For example, people with depression are more likely to have problems in a number of social areas." The researchers w...

Psychologists glimpse biological imprint of childhood neglect

... social bonds and emotional intimacy. Announced by psychologists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the new finding demonstrates for the first time that severe neglect and social isolation can directly affect a young child's neurobiology in ways that potentially influence emotional behaviors. The work is repo...

Researchers develop new method for studying 'mental time travel'

...that, in the long run, this kind of work will help psychologists develop better theories of how people strategically cue memory, and also will suggest ways of making these cues more effective."...

Researchers isolate causes of cognitive loss following coronary artery bypass surgery

...iversity Baptist Medical Center. The team includes psychologists as well as surgeons, anesthesiologists and neuroradiologists. Since the late 1980s, the team has focused on surgical technique. In 1997, they reported reducing stroke and other acute complications following coronary artery bypass surgery from the nat...

Historic records shed light on soldiers' lifelong war scars

... veterans first became known as "soldier's heart," psychologists have evaluated more than 15,000 Union veterans' military and medical records from the time of their enlistment to their post-war deaths. It is the first such study to use objective records from any war to match combat experiences to disease across a ...

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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Glucose 'control switch' in the brain key to both types of diabetes 2NOAA: 'Nuisance flooding' an increasing problem as coastal sea levels rise 2NOAA: 'Nuisance flooding' an increasing problem as coastal sea levels rise 3Study finds Europe's habitat and wildlife is vulnerable to climate change 2
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