Tag: "questions" at medical news
Clinical Trials Units selected for newly restructured HIV/AIDS research networks
...nd coordinated way to tackle the critical research questions
that can help accelerate progress against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. NIAID supports the worlds largest HIV/AIDS clinical research effort. The CTU awards represent the second step of a two-part restructuring process of NIAIDs HIV/AIDS clinical trials n...
Computer predicts wishes of incapacitated patients better than family or loved ones
...uld be more accurate than surrogates. Important questions
remain, say the authors, about how treatment decisions should be made on behalf of incapacitated patients: "Do patients care more about who makes decisions for them, or what decisions are made? Does making end-of-life treatment decisions benefit or b...
Comparison of 4 diet plans shows better outcomes for diet with lowest carbohydrate intake
...cts of the diet (e.g., high protein intake). While questions
remain about long-term effects and mechanisms, these findings have important implications for clinical practice and health care policy. Physicians whose patients initiate a low-carbohydrate diet can be reassured that weight loss is likely to be at le...
Free our data? -- Manchester
...power can help social scientists accurately answer questions
that have previously been only guessed at," explai...tre for e-Social Science. "Big social and economic questions
such as what is behind the huge growth in diabetes. By combining data about every Briton's health, d...
New details in schizophrenia treatment trial emerge
...orld settings, but it also is revealing to us what questions
we still must address," said NIMH Director Thomas R. Insel, M.D. Of the 257 patients who were initially randomized to perphenazine in the CATIE study, 192 discontinued the medication for various reasons, including ineffectiveness and intolerable si...
ESA contribution to International Polar Year 2007-2008
...ink researchers across different fields to address questions
and issues lying beyond the scope of individual disciplines, ensure data collected under the IPY are made available in an open and timely manner and intensify the recovery of relevant historical data and ensure these also are made openly available. ...
Residents in disaster areas face medication adherence dilemmas
...ation adherence subscale questionnaire and general questions
about the extent of hurricane damage the patients experienced. A subset of 78 patients then answered a more detailed questionnaire that sought to pinpoint barriers to medication adherence, defined as taking their medication as prescribed without miss...
Positive results more likely from industry-funded breast cancer trials
...on breast cancer research and highlights important questions
that need to be addressed through further research...ngly dominant source of research funding, clinical questions
that arent directly related to drug development may be neglected, Peppercorn said. Such questions
Medicalize me: Experts look at how our perceptions of illness are shaped
...ing diagnoses and prescribing treatment? These questions
and more are the focus of a set of probing essays ...om their doctors, and its raising very interesting questions
of interpersonal dynamics. Metzl and other writers of essays in the special section look to histo...
Doctors test effort that helps people understand health risk information
...g the materials, participants were asked to answer questions
testing their ability to interpret medical data. In the low socioeconomic group, 44 percent of those using the primer passed the test, compared to 26 percent of those receiving the general health booklet. The corresponding numbers in the high socioec...
FEMMSS2: Knowledge that Matters
...tributed, and taken up is intricately connected to questions
of equality, ethics, sustainability, power, identity, voice, and social change. Activism and advocacy are so central to feminist knowledge that Loraine Code argues "without advocacy and the negotiations it commonly enlists knowledge is not possible, ...
Two-thirds of nursing students believe it's wrong to lie to patients, twice as many as in 1983
... survey of 176 nursing students by posing the same questions
to 618 students at a School of Nursing in Greater Manchester. As well as differences in attitudes, they discovered that the profile of nursing students had changed considerably in the 22 years between surveys, particularly when it came to age, sex ...
Exercise has no effect on risk of knee osteoarthritis
... (1993-1994) had knee X-rays. They were also asked questions
about knee symptoms such as pain, aching or stiffn...rwent the same knee X-rays and were asked the same questions
about symptoms, but not about physical activity. They were also weighed initially and at follow-up, ...
Leading advocates express support for microbicide research, despite disappointing trial results
... now is to make sure that advocates' and community questions
about this trial and future research are heard and addressed as soon as possible." Adding his perspective, Director of the AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC) Mitchell Warren observed that "Getting a negative result for one product certainly doesn...
Researchers: Few heart disease trials reporting sex-specific results
...ny cases now, I cannot say that. But I think those questions
from women can drive our behavior and push us to make sure future research is more applicable to them." Dr. Hayes also encourages women to consider enrolling in a clinical trial. Participation in many trials is very low risk and requires no more ef...
Many people with MS report financial strain related to health care
... MS population as a whole. The interview covered questions
about MS history, health insurance, disability and life insurance, as well as financial concerns related to obtaining MS medications and other health services. Findings: A high percentage (96%) of survey participants reported having at least some ...
Embargoed Jan./Feb. Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...issioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, questions
who benefits from direct-to-consumer advertising when the ads do not convey important information about drug risks and benefits. He concludes that while there is nothing inherently wrong with pharmaceutical companies communicating directly with cons...
Dogs may be responding to psychological seizures, not epilepsy seizures
...demy of Neurology, said the findings raise several questions
that need to be further investigated. "If dogs can predict psychological seizures, could the seizures be a conditioned response to stereotypical dog behaviors? Does having a seizure alert dog lead people to have psychological seizures more or less of...
Experts urge strongest isolation for new drug-resistant tuberculosis cases appearing in South Africa
...revail over the rights of the individual." Other questions
include what do with suspected TB sufferers for weeks while they await test results and about the conditions and duration of clinical surveillance once a case is confirmed. Ideally, confirmed cases "should be isolated in an acute admissions setting,...
Activation of brain region predicts altruism
...re or less altruistic, based on their responses to questions
about how often they engaged in different helping behaviors, and compared the participants' brain scans with their estimated level of altruistic behavior. The fMRI scans showed that increased activity in the posterior superior temporal sulcus strongl...
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