Tag: "rates" at medical news
Conventional prognostic factors fail to explain better prostate cancer survival in most Asian men
...stigators compared prognostic factors and survival rates
of 116,916 men (108,076 whites and 8,840 Asians fr...ll Asian ethnicities except South Asians, survival rates
were equal to or better than whites. Japanese-Americans, for example, had significantly lower hazar...
Antioxidants show no clear benefit against cardiovascular events, death in high-risk women
...ch antioxidants, have been associated with reduced rates
of coronary heart disease and stroke. Vitamins C and E and beta carotene are potential mediators of the apparent protective effect of a plant-based diet on cardiovascular disease. Nancy R. Cook, Sc.D., of Brigham & Womens Hospital and Harvard Medic...
Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
... Bernard Lyon I, and colleagues evaluated survival rates
and long-term outcomes of 83 patients hospitalized for heatstroke in Lyon, France, during the summer of 2003. Demographic, medical and functional data were collected when individuals entered the hospital, and they were assessed again after 28 days an...
Drug interactions with warfarin
...n data from general practices observed much higher rates
of bleeding than those derived from a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. The authors write that physicians should be aware of these risks to better assess their patients therapeutic riskbenefit profiles. In a related commentary, David Juu...
Drug for cluster headaches may cause heart problems
...t of the participants had slower than normal heart rates
while on the drug, but the condition was severe enough to warrant stopping the use of the drug in only four cases. Goadsby noted that 217 people taking the drug were initially supposed to take part in the study, but 42 percent of them did not have...
Childhood obesity indicates greater risk of school absenteeism, Penn study reveals
...ssing school such as increased drug use, increased rates
of pregnancy and poor academic performance have been previously documented. Meanwhile, the rate of childhood obesity has tripled in the United States during the past 25 years. The four indicators of increased absenteeism among school children have...
Nationwide data highlight encouraging trends, 'staggering' costs of ESRD
...s the leading cause of ESRD. In particular, rising rates
of diabetic ESRD among younger African-American adults suggest "a looming public health crisis," according to the new report. An apparent increase in kidney disease caused by atherosclerosis (narrowing or "hardening" of the arteries) among older adul...
Refusal of medical and surgical interventions common among chronically ill elderly
... cardiac catheterization and surgery, with refusal rates
of over 10 percent. Other interventions refused included chemotherapy, radiation, intubation, dialysis, and transplantation. Hospitalization was rarely refused. The most common reasons given for treatment refusals were fear of side effects. Pati...
Obesity linked to hyperparathyroidism in chronic kidney disease
...t only to bone abnormalities but also to increased rates
of cardiovascular disease and death. Although decreased kidney function is the main reason for hyperparathyroidism in CKD, other factors can also affect PTH levels. Dr. Kovesdy explains, "Our current therapeutic practices aimed at correcting elevat...
...esearchers looked at the link between unemployment rates
and the types of trauma admissions in New Orleans over six years. Unemployment rates
were obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The trauma registry of the Medical Center of Loui...
Even older women at high risk have little interest in being tested for HIV, study finds
... programs, and consistently have lower HIV testing rates
as compared with younger adults, said Aletha Akers...ant risk factors and live in communities with high rates
of infection, Dr. Akers said. We need to design prevention strategies and AIDS education for this vu...
Osteoporosis screening and treatment may be cost-effective for selected older men
...e costs and population-based age-specific fracture rates
and associations among prior fractures, bone density and incident fractures. The authors estimated the costs per quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained for the densitometry and follow-up treatment strategy compared with no intervention, calculate...
Study suggests nonpharmaceutical interventions may be helpful in severe influenza outbreaks
... determine whether city-to-city variation in death rates
were associated with the timing, duration, and com...ntions earlier had greater delays in reaching peak rates
of death, lower peak rates
of death, and lower total number of deaths. There was a statistically sig...
Michigan-CDC study supports value of social restrictions during influenza pandemics
...turned them on and off. Using both actual death rates
from pneumonia and influenza, and baseline rates
for what would have been normal without a pandemic, the researchers found there were 115,340 excess ...
Theory of facial aging gets a facelift from UT Southwestern researchers
...gain and lose fat at different times and different rates
as we age. The study involved injecting different types of dye into facial cavities of 30 cadavers. Despite at least 24 hours of settling time, the dye, rather than permeating the entire face, stayed in separate areas showing that individual facia...
In women, caffeine may protect memory
.... Caffeine consumers did not seem to have lower rates
of dementia. We really need a longer study to look at whether caffeine prevents dementia; it might be that caffeine could slow the dementia process rather than preventing it, said Ritchie. Ritchie said researchers arent sure why caffeine didnt show...
Early-childhood intervention may improve well-being through young adulthood
...e completed more years of education and have lower rates
of arrests for violent offenses (13.9 percent vs. 17.9 percent), and were less likely to receive disability assistance (4.4 percent vs. 7 percent). The fact that positive results of the program extend beyond educational achievements is not surprisi...
It's time to look at health risks in a new light, authors say
...e risk reduction, looks at the difference in death rates
between two groups, such as one group that received a medication and one that did not. If one person died among 100 people who took medication, the death rate would be 1 percent. If two people died among 100 people who did not take medication, that d...
U of M report says early-childhood intervention improves well-being through young adulthood
...toms. For example, the preschool group had higher rates
of high school completion with 71.4 percent finish...hool. Those children in the program also had lower rates
of felony arrests with 16.5 percent compared with 21.1 percent and lower depressive symptoms with 1...
Medical residents score poorly in diagnosing and managing tuberculosis
...es of TB because of social factors, including high rates
of homelessness, drug use, incarceration and immigration, as well as HIV infection. He points out that the survey results were not all bad, with most medical residents understanding the main facts about how Mycobacterium tuberculosis is transmitted...
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