Tag: "reasoning" at medical news
The matrix of autism
...yond rote memory and perception to include complex reasoning
ability. That won't come as any surprise to Michelle Dawson, who is autistic. She is also a scientific collaborator on this study....
Smoking may interfere with alcoholics' neurocognitive recovery during abstinence
...cs in the areas of mental efficiency, higher-level reasoning
and problem-solving, visual-spatial processing skills, and working or short-term memory, said Durazzo. Although smoking alcoholics in the study improved significantly in auditory-verbal memory and processing speed over six to nine months of abstinen...
Predicting danger of flu pandemic rests on differences in affected population, says O.R. Forum
... as well as less contagious infected persons. The reasoning
behind these assumptions is that heterogeneity across the population in these attributes may affect in first-order ways the manner in which the disease propagates and, consequently, the manner in which we should address mitigation measures. The pape...
Lilly studies try to shed light on impact of race
...s.com or www.clinicaltrials.gov . Scientific reasoning
tells us that because of genetic differences, patients with similar tumors may respond differently to specific treatment regimens, said Richard Gaynor, M.D., vice president, cancer research and global oncology platform leader at Lilly. Ultimately, ou...
A first glimpse at healthy brain and behavioral development
...uthors suggest that such tasks, which require more reasoning
and integration of cognitive abilities, are more vulnerable to the effects of poverty-related factors than are more basic skills. Age predicted performance on every measure of cognitive function. Performance climbed steeply from age 6, but leve...
Study offers window into human behavior, brain disease
...ocial behavior and emotions self awareness, moral reasoning
and empathy that are highly developed in humans, the finding suggests that the cells may play a role in what makes humans "human," they say. The finding is reported in the December 22 on-line issue of Annals of Neurology. The cells, known as von...
Antenatal fish oil supplements boost kids' hand-eye coordination
...e included tests of language, behaviour, practical reasoning
and hand-eye coordination. In all, 72 children were assessed (33 in the fish oil group and 39 in the olive oil group). There were no significant overall differences in language skills and growth between the two groups of children But those whose ...
Study provides evidence that autism affects functioning of entire brain
... social interactions, communication behaviors, and reasoning
abilities, as had been previously thought. The st...m fare much worse on tests of complex language and reasoning
than do other adults. This gap in complex language and reasoning
ability between the two groups is ...
Irrational decisions driven by emotions
...to incorporate their emotions into a more balanced reasoning
process. Mr Benedetto de Martino, of the UCL Institute of Neurology, says: "It is well known that human choices are affected by the way in which a question is phrased. For example, saying an operation carries an 80 per cent survival rate may trigg...
Kids who blow bubbles find language is child's play
...en were assessed on a wide variety of thinking and reasoning
skills: working out how to put puzzles together, matching pictures and colours, interacting with an adult to get their attention, and 'pretending' that one object is another, such as using a block for a car, or a box for a doll's bed, or giving a dol...
Emory study lights up the political brain
...f 2004. The Democrats and Republicans were given a reasoning
task in which they had to evaluate threatening inf...lains. "None of the circuits involved in conscious reasoning
were particularly engaged," says Westen. "Essentially, it appears as if partisans twirl the cognitiv...
Penn State selected for DHS National Visualization Team
...s information with stored knowledge and analytical reasoning
practices to yield usable intelligence; and will p... and enhance the role of these tools in analytical reasoning
and decision-making. To do this, the team will create a Knowledge-enabled Collaborative Visual Anal...
Acne, milk and the iodine connection
...gy and social and preventive medicine, details his reasoning
in a letter published in the "Notes and Comments" section of the current (December) issue of the journal. "It has been well-established since the 1960s that iodine intake can exacerbate acne," said Arbesman. "Nevertheless, various studies have sho...
Hopkins study finds no 'cognitive decline' after use of heart-lung machine during bypass surgery
...y damage such high-level mental tasks as thinking, reasoning
and remembering, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers recently published in Neurology. CABG surgery is effective for the relief of angina and reducing the risk of a heart attack but has been widely feared to cause "pump-related" damage ...
Autism problems explained in new research
...ain responsible for executive function (attention, reasoning
and problem solving). Research leader Dr Ross Cunnington said autism was known to have a biological cause, but this neuroimaging research clearly showed the dysfunction in the brain that accounted for why children with autism have problems with their...
Emotional impairment linked to cognitive deficits in bipolar children
...sociated with cognitive behavior such as thinking, reasoning
and learning. "We found that the amygdala, the part of the brain that is supposed to react to emotional stimuli, is over-reactive to negative stimuli in children with bipolar disorder," said Pavuluri. "And the part of the brain that controls cognitiv...
Does smoking cloud the brain?
...layed story recall, verbal analogies, mathematical reasoning
and visual-spatial processing. Scores for each test, and a global proficiency score, are based on the speed and accuracy of a person's responses, adjusted for age and education level. The participants also took a short form of the standard IQ test, ...
AIDS inflicts specific pattern of brain damage, reveals UCLA/Pittsburgh imaging study
...am also linked thinning of the language cortex and reasoning
center to depletion of T-cells from the immune system. The finding may shed light on why AIDS is often accompanied by mild vocabulary loss, judgment problems and difficulty planning. As the disease advances, these symptoms can worsen into memory lo...
Mental-state reasoning is universal milestone in child development
...gists have explored the refinement of mental-state reasoning
in children, typically by measuring their ability to pass false-belief tasks, such as the example above. Yet previous research has only been conducted in Western cultures, where children pass such tests around the age of 5. New research reveals that ...
TV confuses children about which foods are healthy, new study finds
... measured their nutritional knowledge, nutritional reasoning
and television viewing, once at the onset of the s...ers were scored as representing either nutritional reasoning
ornon-nutritional reasoning. Examples of nutritional reasoning
were: "More juicy, has vitamins (refe...