Tag: "reliance" at medical news

Africa: International volunteer impact small, but significant

...rn and Eastern Africa hardest hit by HIV/AIDS, the reliance on international health volunteers, especially doctors, is likely to increase." The World Health Organisation (WHO) identifies 36 countries with critical human resource shortages in sub-Saharan Africa. Development work has shifted focus towards lo...

Speeding up CT scans with cellphone technology, ultrasound warning signal for breast cancer

...c CT or magnetic resonance (MR) scanner. However, reliance on preoperative images does not allow visualization of changes imparted during a surgical procedure, such as seeing what remains of a tumor after it is removed. This imaging promises to overcome these conventional limitations by providing image upd...

Low-carb diets' effects linked to rise in newly identified 'starvation hormone'

... diet. That shift is characterized by an increased reliance on fat stores as an alternative source of fuel when glucose, the bodys primary energy source, plummets. A team led by Eleftheria Maratos-Flier of Harvard University reports evidence that increased blood levels of liver-derived "fibroblast growth fa...

UN engages banks to light up rural India; Solar loans, energy access transform life for poor

...empowers people to invest and helps free them from reliance on government interventions." The India programme's success has already inspired a sister effort in Tunisia, where the market for solar water heaters has been shifted from cash to credit, with over 16,000 systems financed. Similar programmes are u...

Pediatricians rarely provide translation services for patients with little English proficiency

...ional interpreters. Instead, they reported greater reliance on bilingual staff members to relay information. In addition, doctors in states where translation services were covered by public health insurance were more likely to use professional interpreters. There is an urgent need to promote appropriate lan...

Community-based measures fail to reduce HIV levels, new study shows

...way we hadanticipated. We wanted to reduce women's reliance on sex work throughour micro-credit scheme but this failed, partly because of the economicdownturn in Zimbabwe. "Programmes similar to the one we introduced are widely used in HIVprevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Our study shows that we probably n...

Computed tomography screening may increase lung cancer diagnosis, but not decrease risk of death

...come can be attributed to the intervention without reliance on highly modeled analyses with problematic assumptions. Although expensive and time-consuming, rigorous trials of cancer screening are far more cost-effective than what might be the alternative-widespread adoption of costly screening interventions t...

New research may overturn conventional wisdom on drug-resistant tuberculosis

...exclusion of many patients without sample results, reliance on previously collected data in which some patients might have been misclassified, use of computerized drug susceptibility data, and the unknown contribution of mixed infections. Nevertheless, the findings are a warning. Although better diagnostics, ...

Doubts cast on organophosphate poisoning as cause of Gulf War Syndrome depression

... theory of the Gulf War Syndrome, but suggest that reliance on genetic vulnerability studies in specific groups is 'perhaps misplaced.'...

Swedish massage benefits osteoarthritis patients

...mately, massage may be shown to lessen a patient's reliance on medications and decrease health care costs." Perlman and Katz say that further study of the cost-effectiveness and the lasting impact of the intervention is warranted. They have begun collaborating on a follow-up study. "Our hope is to show th...

Concussion in athletes: Can they accurately evaluate their own condition?

... issue of The American Journal of Sports Medicine, reliance on athletes' self-reported symptoms after concussi...rite. "We present data in this study that suggest reliance on symptoms alone is inadequate and is likely to lead to missed diagnosis of the injury in a signifi...

Doctors warn: Do not rely only on what young athletes say when managing concussions

...ted in an increased sensitivity of 29 percent over reliance on symptoms alone. In contrast, zero percent of a control group of 70 non-concussed athletes demonstrated both symptoms and abnormal neurocognitive testing. A concussion is any alteration of mental status resulting from the brain being jolted insid...

JRRD tipsheet: Focus on stroke

...tiple objective measures of swallowing rather than reliance on laryngeal penetration or aspiration alone. Animal-assisted therapy for persons with aphasia: A pilot study, pg. 357 We explored the effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) for poststroke aphasia. Three men received one semester of tradit...

Proposed changes to obesity guidelines may harm children in the US

...itten about drug companies promoting an increasing reliance on medications to the public. His report reveals that the U.S. proposals have been greeted with alarm by some senior public health academics who have written to the committee. Dr. Jenny O'Dea from the University of Sydney, for instance, warned that l...

National UK heart disease prevention threshold 'cheapest but least effective'

...effective national policies on nutrition to reduce reliance on statins should also be considered, they suggest, highlighting a "lack of resolve in tackling Britain's unhealthy diet," which has led to one in three of Europe's obese children being British....

Study shows AIDS drugs cost-effective, care underfunded

...ars, he said. These treatment providers' necessary reliance on federal assistance "underscores the tremendous need for reauthorization of the Ryan White CARE Act with increased resources allocated for reimbursement of medical care, which is now under discussion in Congress," Dr. Saag said. Although institutio...

Diabetic hearts make unhealthy switch to high-fat diet

...death and heart dysfunction. The diabetic heart's reliance on fat molecules for energy was previously observed in experiments using diabetic animals. But this is the first time researchers have confirmed that burning of fatty acids in the heart muscle is increased in humans with diabetes. In this study, 11 h...

Multiple-birth babies, boys have higher risk of defects

... multiple births have increased because of greater reliance on assistive reproductive technology, especially among women delaying childbirth until their 30s and 40s," said Yiwei Tang, M.D., an assistant professor of pediatrics and a lead researcher on both studies. "In offering these options to women, full di...

Depression raises disability risk, especially among African-Americans

...ic resources in terms of income, wealth or greater reliance on government health insurance such as Medicaid, compared with those who were not depressed. Together, chronic conditions and higher-level functional limitations explained over half the excess disability incidence related to depression. These findi...

ASU secures $3.9 million to study spinal cord injuries and neurological disorders

..., the team hopes to improve the therapy and reduce reliance on a supportive harness. The adaptive nature of the control mechanism puts some 'intelligence' in the system to provide only the stimulation that is required, encouraging the person to do more of the work. This project is a joint effort with Richard ...

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(Date:8/28/2014)... handful of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory bowel ... using patients, own intestinal immune responses as a guide. ... journal Cell . , Trillions of bacteria exist ... role in the development and progression of IBD. Yet ... species affect a person,s susceptibility to IBD and its ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... and his collaborators have developed an online analytic tool ... re-engineering cells for biomedical investigation. CellNet is a free-use ... stem cell engineering. Details of CellNet and its application ... papers in the journal Cell . , "This ... all types of cell-based investigations and can potentially offer ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... 28, 2014  Privacy Advocate and Senior Staff Attorney ... , joins the lineup of biometric and mobile commerce ... UnPlugged Executive Summit in Tampa, Florida ... announced speakers include Steven Rahman, Director, Technology and Strategy at ... Experian. The theme of this year,s event is Mobility ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD 2New tool aids stem cell engineering for medical research 2Biometrics UnPlugged Welcomes the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Jennifer Lynch to the Mobility at the Crossroads of Commerce and Privacy Summit 2
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