Tag: "review" at medical news

University of Kentucky researcher wins American Heart Association award

...veral national research awards, and serves on peer review committees including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Progression of Cardiovascular Disease in Type I Diabetes Grant Review Panel. He has published over 60 articles, book chapters and abstracts. "Dr. Bruemmer exemplifies what we are about at ...

Internet program launched to prevent blindness in diabetic patients

...e and a primary care physician himself. "A recent review of diabetic patients at the Downtown Health Plaza showed that fewer than 20 percent reported having been to an ophthalmologist in the previous three years." He said that taking retinal photographs in primary care settings is a potential alternative t...

Routine procedure during childbirth provides no benefits, study review finds

...mbargoed) CHAPEL HILL -- According to a systematic review of existing studies, to appear in the May 4 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, the surgical procedure known as an episiotomy, performed in up to 35 percent of U.S. vaginal births, usually provides no benefits. Moreover, the re...

NIST fire analysis tools featured in online training

...rse, "Fire Dynamics and Fire Modeling," provides a review of tools an investigator can employ to develop a technical analysis of a fire incident. Daniel Madrzykowski, NIST fire protection engineer and lead researcher in many of the experimental fire tests, helped develop the course and narrates many of its ...

Arm lift surgery generally safe, minor risks need to be considered, Mayo Clinic finds

...oss patients. This study involved a retrospective review examining all arm lift (brachioplasty) procedures performed between 1988 and 2004 at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. All of the 40 patients were female, with an average age of 47. Of these, 76 percent underwent arm lift surgery following significant ...

Digestive Disease Week 2005 spotlights breakthrough research in digestive health

...hrough treatments and procedures for GI disorders, review current practices, examine novel technical approaches and highlight a variety of clinical studies. Research presented at DDW 2005 promises to address hot topics in GI health, including: Better diagnostics, stronger therapies and more effective p...

Fragile US vaccine system needs improvement despite dramatic gains in health over past century

...s in manufacturing and development, according to a review article in the May/June issue of Health Affairs. The U.S. vaccine system is a complex collaboration among government, industry, providers, academia, professional societies and third-party payers that has resulted in record low levels of vaccine-preve...

A hospital stay can make an older person more likely to commit suicide

...e been hospitalized than in those who have not. A review of data on nearly 1.8 million people age 52 and older revealed that about two-thirds of the oldest subjects who committed suicide had been hospitalized for an illness in the previous two years. This is the first study to examine this type of associat...

OHSU study says national injury prevention program working

...Such messages appear to be working, according to a review of the ThinkFirst program in this month's Journal of Neurosurgery. Researchers in the Department of Neurology, OHSU School of Medicine, examined the ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation, created in 1986, and found it made significant stri...

Mayo Clinic study determines surgery is best remedy for hammer hand

... treatment options pursued were evaluated by chart review and postoperative phone calls for all patients, and by duplex scan, an ultrasound of the arteries that measures blood flow, for those who underwent bypass surgery. The patients studied included 98 males and three females; most were laborers. An aver...

Type 2 diabetes is increasing among children all over the world

...d diseases has been seen among adults. However, a review article in the May issue of The Journal of Pediatr...d adolescents between 1978 and 2004. Although the review is limited to published data only, they found that type 2 diabetes accounts for up to 45% of new cas...

Older adults with insomnia report falling asleep faster with ramelteon

...lteon, an investigational compound currently under review for the treatment of insomnia, significantly reduced time to fall asleep in older adults with chronic insomnia. Additionally, no rebound insomnia or withdrawal effects were observed. An estimated 60 million people in the U.S. suffer from insomnia, a...

GMC needs to get its head out of the sand over revalidation

...rced the GMC to shelve its plans, and a high level review is now being conducted by the chief medical office for England. The GMC's revised plans for revalidation will not detect poorly performing doctors, writes Professor Aneez Esmail, medical adviser to the Shipman inquiry. Revalidation is supposed to wee...

St. John's Wort only minimally effective in relieving major depression, review confirms

...fit for those with chronic depression. The updated review of 37 trials, involving 4,925 patients, reaffirms ...s of antidepressants most recently developed. The review was led by Professor Klaus Linde of the Centre for Complementary Medicine Research at Technical Univ...

Babies' cries linked to their health

...r neurological and medical status. In a research review in the current issue of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, Linda LaGasse, PhD, and Barry Lester, PhD, with the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center (BHCRC) and Brown Medical School looked at previous studies that analyzed the ac...

Study demonstrates longest reported survival rate for locally advanced lung cancer patients

...ll. However, the trial was closed last month after review of the data indicated that gefitinib would not improve survival. Patients on the study are being encouraged to complete all of the planned chemotherapy, since results for those patients not receiving gefitinib were similar to those seen in the SWOG-9...

New breast shield reduces radiation to female breast during chest CT by up to 73%

...s. Our study is currently before the institutional review board at our institution to begin a trial on female patients. Based on the phantom studies, we are not anticipating significant image degradation. We hope to have the shield available for commercial use in the next several months," said Dr. Parker. ...

Other highlights in the May 18 JNCI

...he Netherlands, and colleagues conducted a blinded review of interval and screen-detected cancers in the Dutch screening program. Because the recall rate in the Netherlands is the lowest worldwide--less than 1%--the researchers were able to estimate how changing this rate might change both detection and fal...

Group-based education improves diabetes self-management, studies find

...require less medication, according to a systematic review of current evidence. Group-based education resulte...inical, lifestyle and psychosocial outcomes. "The review shows that group education for diabetes mellitus works and should move forward, especially because i...

Asthma drug fluticasone works as well as other drugs at half the dose

...older inhaled asthma drugs but at half the dose, a review of recent studies concludes. At the smaller dose,...ng up constricted breathing passages, according to review author Dr. Nick Adams, a private practitioner in Tonbridge, England, and colleagues. Patients taking...

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