Tag: "rom" at medical news

Chinese children with hearing devices benefit from new speech test

LOS ANGELES, CHENGDU, China and SYDNEY, Australia August 13, 2007 More than 4,000 children in China who have received cochlear implants and other devices will soon benefit from a speech perception test offered in Mandarin. The Mandarin Early Speech Perception (MESP) test was developed in collaboration between Sigfrid D. Soli, Ph.D., of the House Ear Institute in Los Angeles and Yun Zheng, MD,...

Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke

... A severe heat wave struck Europe in 2003, with death toll estimates ran...

News briefs from the journal Chest, August 2007

...Patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and diastolic heart failure may find relief in the form of diuretics, according to a new study. Italian researchers treated 15 patients hospitalized with severe OSA, hypertension, and diastolic heart failure, with intravenous diuretics. Patients were treated twice daily for 3 days, and polysomnography was used to assess apnea severity befo...

New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding

CHICAGO (August 10, 2007) Surgeons may have a new patient safety tool to stop moderate surgical bleeding without some of the concerns associated with the current standard blood-clotting treatment. New research published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows that recombinant human thrombin (rhThrombin) reduces the risk of surgical complications associated w...

Chromatin remodeling complex connected to DNA damage control

... This connection between a signaling pathway crucial to DNA damage control and a pathway known as chromatin remodeling "opens an entirely new category of targets for potentially attacking cancer," says senior author Xuetong "Snow" Shen, Ph.D., an assistant professor in M. D. Anderson's Department of Carcinogenesis at the...

Some women benefit more from exercise when emphasis is on health, not appearance

... ... Women who have this disorder usually are interested in exercise to improve their appearance,...

Wireless technology shows promise in diagnosing pediatric intestinal disease

... The small bowel has always been difficult to evaluate, due to its size and many convolutions, says study author Gian Luigi de Angelis, a professor with the University of Parma, Italy. This small camera can follow the entire length of the bowel, helping us to iden...

Theory of facial aging gets a facelift from UT Southwestern researchers

... ... For hundreds of years, everyone has believed that the fat on the face is one confluent m...

Green tea holds promise as new treatment for inflammatory skin diseases

... ... Psoriasis, an autoimmune disease, causes the skin to become thicker because the growth of skin cells is out of...

Method shows promise for early detection of pancreatic cancer

... Known as a silent killer, with no method of early detection, pancreatic cancer spreads rapidly and seldom is detected in its early stages. The new technique could lead to the first screening method for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic patients, said Vadim Backman, developer of the technology and profess...

Mapping mountains from space with GOCE

... Geodesy is concerned with measuring and mapping the shape of the Earth's surface, to the benefit of all branches of Earth sciences and has many practical applications. Although surveying techniques go back thousands of years, it trad...

Highlights from the August 2007 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

... ... Adding a lifestyle intervention led by a registered dietitian to the typical care provided to obese people with type 2 diabetes does not increase overall health-care costs and may result in cost savings, ac...

Floods and fires across Europe captured from space

... Heavy rains caused the River Thames to burst its banks on Wednesday, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of homes in Britains university city of Oxford. The flooding across England and Wales has left tens of thousands without electricity and water. ...The Environment Agency still has three severe flood warnings in place two on the Thames around Oxford and one on the...

From UF and IBM, a blueprint for 'smart' health care

... ... The technology creates the first-ever roadmap for widespread commercial development of smart devices that, for example, take a persons blood pressure, temperature or respiration rate the minute a person steps into his or her house then transmit it immediatel...

Early-morning Friday classes may prevent students from getting sloppy on 'thirsty Thursdays'

... ... Heavy drinking on college campuses across America is a pervasive problem. ... New findings link "thirsty Thursday" drinking with the presence and timing of Friday classes. ... Study authors recommend early classes - before 10 a.m. - to help reduce excessive drinking. ... ...The high prevalence of problematic alcohol use on college campuses across the United States is well known. A new s...

Personal comments by physicians distract from patient needs

... ... The journal Archives of Internal...

HSPH's Lin wins prestigious MERIT Award from NIH

Xihong Lin, Professor of Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health, has been named a recipient of a MERIT (Method to Extend Research in Time) Award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Less than 5 percent of NIH-funded investigators are selected to receive MERIT Awards. The award will help support Lin's development of advanced statistical methods for analyzing correlated and...

New nutritional research: College students face obesity, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome

... The UNH data, collected from more than 800 undergraduates enrolled in a general-education nutrition course, find that at least one-third of UNH students are overweight or obese, 8 perce...

News briefs from the journal Chest, June 2007

... New research suggests that changes in atmospheric pressure, which often occur during storms, may be related to idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax (ISP) or collapsed lung. During a 4-year period, French and Italian researchers studied the relationship between ISP occurrence and meteorologic conditions in Bologna, Italy. Atmospheric pressure and ambient temperature were obtained for each day...

Metabolic syndrome points to heart health

... Ana Azevedo and colleagues, from the University of Porto Medical School, Portugal, investigated the possibility of a graded association between the number of features of metabolic syndrome and cardiac structural and functional abnormalities. Their study also investigated whether the associations found...

New study reports hotel guests at risk from carbon monoxide poisoning

... Using data collected at the LDS Hospital Hyperbaric Medicine Departme...

Dartmouth's alternative breast imaging techniques sort abnormal from normal tissue

... The interdisciplinary team includes researchers from Dartmouth's Thayer School of Engineering and Dartmout...

New drug shows promise in treatment of advanced thyroid cancer

... ... "This is exciting," said study pre...

Study shows Diachrome improves blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes

PURCHASE, NY, June 4, 2007 Nutrition 21, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXXI) today announced new published results from a 447 subject, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study that showed Diachrome, a patented combination of chromium picolinate and biotin, significantly improved glycemic control in patients with poorly controlled blood sugar levels who were being treated with oral anti-diabe...

General physicals prompt needed cancer screenings

... ... "Because people go to the doctor anyway when they feel sick or have a medical problem, some authorities have questioned whether preve...

Aspirin shows promise in combating a common, antibiotic-induced hearing loss

ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- Around the world, inexpensive antibiotics known as aminoglycosides have been used for the past 60 years in the battles against acute infections and tuberculosis as antibacterial prophylaxis in cystic fibrosis patients and in other conditions. But for all of the good they do, the drugs also have been widely linked to irreversible hearing loss.... Now, researchers at the Univers...

Statement from Elizabeth G. Nabel, MD, Director, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Today, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies released a report on the status of academic sleep research and sleep medicine in the United States. The report includes recommendations to improve public awareness and strengthen the field of sleep medicine. The project was initiated and funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Sleep...

Factor stimulates cartilage growth from stem cells

......Such growth factors are crucial to the bioengineering of tissues for clinical use in humans, the researchers said, because cells would need to be grown quickly and in large numbers in order to be practical. For the current study, as well as for past experiments in this area, the Duke team isolated the specialized cells, known as huma...

Commonly used drug may prevent fetal alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is often called the number one preventable birth defect. Despite counselling of pregnant women to avoid alcohol, large numbers of babies are born with FAS. At present, no effective treatments exist that can prevent or reverse FAS after fetal exposure to alcohol. However, Alessandro Ieraci and Daniel Herrera now report encouraging results in mice that might one day cha...

Review shows male circumcision protects female partners from HIV and other STDs

A statistical review of the past medical files of more than 300 couples in Uganda, in which the female partner was HIV negative and the male was HIV positive, provides solid documentation of the protective effects of male circumcision in reducing the risk of infection among women. Male circumcision also reduced rates of trichomonas and bacterial vaginosis in female partners. The study is believ...

'Big picture' of brain changes may be crucial to recovery from stroke injury

A study of patients who have difficulty paying attention to the left side of their environment has provided some of the first direct evidence that brain injury can cause detrimental functional changes in brain regions far from the site of the actual injury. ... "We normally don't consider changes in function beyond the site of brain injuries," says Maurizio Corbetta, M.D., the Norman J. Stupp Pro...

Subtypes of ependymomas arise from rare stem cells in the nervous system

Brain tumors called ependymomas that occur in different parts of the central nervous system appear to arise from subpopulations of stem cells called radial glia cells (RGCs), according to investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The discovery explains why some identical-looking ependymomas are actually distinctly different diseases, the researchers said. ...This new information, i...

Fox Chase study examines which women could benefit from adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitor

DENVER -- Few women with invasive breast cancer who are treated with lumpectomy, radiation and five years of tamoxifen would benefit from taking an aromatase inhibitor after tamoxifen. That is the conclusion of a Fox Chase Cancer Center study presented today at the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology in Denver, Colo. ... "A randomized study in a sim...

Highlights from the June 2007 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

... ... Research to date has been inconclusive on whether drinking sugar-sweetened beverages between meals increases childrens risk of becoming overweight. Researchers...

Study: Directly observed HIV therapy for children is promising

.. ... The study was conducted in collaboration with Maryknoll, the international Catholic charity that runs a program for AIDS orphans in Phnom Penh, Cambodias capital city. The study is the first to test the benefits of directly observed treatment in children living in developing countries. Findings are publish...

Cedars-Sinai endocrine researchers to discuss gene that may be linked to polycystic ovary syndrome

... ... Women with PCOS have many small cysts on the periphery of the ovaries and suffer from symptoms that include me...

Mayo researchers discover overdiagnosis of long QT heart syndrome

... In their review of 176 patients referred to Mayo Clinic for a second opinion about a diagnosis of LQTS, Mayo specialists found that about 40 percent did not show sufficient evidence to merit that diagnosis. Most of these were dismissed as normal. Of the 176, most were taking drugs to co...

Huge waves from 1 storm slam coasts some 6000 km apart

... Waves reaching up to 11 metres devastated France's Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean when it slammed into the southern port of Saint Pierre on 12 May. Six days later waves created from the same storm measuring as high as seven metres began crashing into Indonesia coastlines from Sumatra...

Innovative device to treat brain cancer shows promise in early studies

Haifa, Israel May 29, 2007 New early data showed that an investigational device that specifically targets rapidly growing cancer cells with intermediate frequency electrical fields -- called Tumor-Treating Fields (TTFields) -- more than doubled the median overall survival rates in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common and aggressive type of malignant brain tumo...

Human antibodies protect mice from avian flu

... "The possibility of an influenza pandemic, whether sparked by H5N1 or another influenza virus to which humans have no natural immunity, is of serious concern to the global health community," says NIAID...
(Date:10/30/2014)... University researchers have developed a suite of technologies that ... humans, which has applications in everything from search and ... "We,ve developed a platform for computer-mediated communication between humans ... for interpreting dogs, behavioral signals and sending them clear ... an assistant professor of computer science at NC State ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... who lose their hair as a consequence of chemotherapy ... improve the scalp cooling technology that prevents hair loss. ... being pioneered by global scalp cooling manufacturing company, Paxman ... biology department of the University of Huddersfield. , The ... who has a background in the pharmacology of cancer ...
(Date:10/29/2014)... factors, both genetic and environmental, have been blamed ... schizophrenia. Some, such as a family history of ... with Toxoplasma gondii , a parasite transmitted ... still viewed with skepticism. , A new study ... epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania,s School of ...
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