Tag: "significantly" at medical news

RAND study finds school playgrounds can help fight childhood obesity

..., the number of locked schools was associated with significantly higher body mass index for the girls. Body mass in...e highest average number of active amenities and a significantly higher proportion of baseball fields, paved playing surfaces, basketball and handball courts and hig...

Scent prediction

...ved results. As expected, the odor thresholds were significantly higher for the silicon analogues than for lilial and bourgeonal. "Our computer calculations are exclusively based on the surface shape of the scent molecules, which is defined by their electrons," explain the researchers. "These results thus unambig...

Antidepressants safe for children and adolescents

...y that antidepressant medications pose a small but significantly increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior for children and adolescents. "As clinicians, our first concern is for the health and safety of our patients. When the FDA placed the black box warning on antidepressants, it raised a great deal of...

Don't use drains in uncomplicated open cholecystectomy

... internal infections. Having a drain did, however, significantly increase the rate of chest and wound infections. "Our review has shown that routine drain use after open cholecystectomy does not benefit the patient in any way, and does increase their risk of infection; they should no longer be used in this type ...

20-year study shows significant rise in childhood obesity, especially among girls

...o decades discovered that obesity levels had risen significantly among younger children, but that levels were much more constant among teenagers included in the research. They also found that young girls were much more likely to be overweight or obese than boys. For example, in 2002 the average ten-year-old gi...

Change in neuroticism tied to mortality rates, researcher says

...t neurotic and improved over time did not die at a significantly lower rate. Mroczek said the anomaly could be traced to how these types of attitudes affect personal choices. "It's possible that the key with neuroticism is having just the right amount," Mroczek said. "If you are too laid back, you may not be t...

Obesity may be linked to middle ear effusions in children

...er deciliter). Triglyceride levels did not differ significantly between the two groups. The researchers also div...with effusion, we found that childhood obesity was significantly higher in children with otitis media with effusion," the authors conclude. "Childhood obesity may b...

New class of HIV drug attacks previously untargeted enzyme

...ve an indication of the immune response were also significantly boosted in patients taking raltegravir. Patients receiving the 400mg and 600mg doses increased their CD4 count by 113 and 94 cells per ml of blood respectively. Raltegravir also proved safe, well tolerated and potent in most of the patients. In r...

NIST's stretching exercises shed new light on nanotubes

...itive and negative poles? Theory says it should be significantly harder to do in a nearly one-dimensional nanotube than in a bulk semiconductor, where nearby electrons and holes reduce the amount of energy required. Measuring that is difficult because the effect depends on the orientation of the nanotubes, and t...

Study finds drug helps PTSD nightmares

...he study, veterans randomized to prazosin reported significantly improved sleep quality, reduced trauma nightmares, a better overall sense of well being, and an improved ability to function. "These nighttime symptoms are heavily troublesome to veterans," said Raskind, who also is director of VAs VISN 20 (Veter...

Use of hydrocortisone reduces incidence of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery

...ceive corticosteroids after cardiac surgery have a significantly lower risk of atrial fibrillation in the days foll...tients randomized to the hydrocortisone group were significantly less likely to have AF than patients randomized to the placebo group (36/120 [30 percent] vs. 58/121...

Eye diseases gave great painters different vision of their work, Stanford ophthalmologist says

...se affected their vision. But their paintings grew significantly more abstract in later life as, coincidentally, their eye problems increased. "Contemporaries of both have noted that their late works were strangely coarse or garish and seemed out of character to the finer works that these artists had produced ov...

Tai Chi boosts immunity to shingles virus in older adults, NIH-sponsored study reports

..., and Tai Chi combined with the vaccine produced a significantly higher level of immunity, about a 40 percent increase, over that produced by the vaccine alone. The study further showed that the Tai Chi group's rate of increase in immunity over the course of the 25-week study was double that of the health educatio...

Weak immune response critical to disease that causes most infant hospitalizations

...infection, but no sign of T-cell activity. "This significantly changes the way we look at how we want to intervene in terms of therapy," Garofalo said. "We all agree that killing the virus with anti-viral drugs, which we still dont have, is important. But it looks like we also need to find a way to control unwan...

Study recommends universal newborn screening for cystic fibrosis

...ease. Patients diagnosed by newborn screening cost significantly less to treat than those who were diagnosed clinically. Patients diagnosed on the basis of clinical presentation alone received therapy costing an estimated 60400% more than patients diagnosed by newborn screening**. The authors conclude: "Newborn ...

Teens get needed access to care with state health insurance

... adolescent health," Klein said. Parents also were significantly less likely to say they were worried about their childs health and they said they were more satisfied with their providers and care. Parents were more likely to report that their adolescent visited a specialist or used prescription medications in ...

Kennedy Krieger Institute launches first national online autism registry

...dless of income, education, race and ethnicity, to significantly increase family participation. In the long-term, this new research approach may impact not only autism research, but how other disease states are studied as well. To protect participant confidentiality, the data collection and management processe...

Study finds lack of health insurance may be associated with increased rates of stroke

...e, and in our study we found that hypertension was significantly less likely to be well controlled in those lacking insurance, she says. While hypertension is also an important risk factor for myocardial infarction, other factors such as inflammation, cholesterol and inherited traits may of greater relative import...

International study finds ways to maximize effective responses after terrorism incidents

...ad a true emergency. However, this request did not significantly decrease the number of patients that came to the emergency department for care. In considering evacuation, it was important to consider that many terrorist bombings occur in remote tourist communities in developing countries such as Turkey and Indo...

University of Leicester research reveals rice bran could reduce risk of intestinal cancer

...evelopment of prostate or breast cancer, rice bran significantly retarded the development of intestinal adenomas. The effect was dependent on the fibre content of the bran. The dose we used translates into approximately 200g rice bran per day in humans. We believe a promising area of future research would be to s...

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(Date:7/25/2014)... (July 24, 2014)The link between autism and disrupted ... puzzle of the disease, and is largely unknown. ... Autism Research Initiative (SFARI), George Washington University (GW) ... offer truly integrative and in-depth answers to these ... , LaMantia, professor of pharmacology and physiology ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... scientists from 25 countries and 35 states will ... the Genetics Society of America (GSA) next week ... conference will feature close to 500 presentations (including ... including gene expression and regulation, functional genomics, chemical ... and a variety of diseases. , Of ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... increasingly consume the healthcare community and remain ... , To address the worldwide crisis of ... countries, global leaders in diabetes, epidemiology and ... prevention and development of diverse intervention programs ... , This book on "Global Health Perspectives ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):GW researcher receives grant to answer the how and why of autism during development 2Yeast meeting to showcase latest breakthroughs in genetics and molecular biology 2What constitutes an effective response to the global 'diabesity' tsunami? 2
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