Tag: "size" at medical news

New accreditation program for radiation detector labs

...plication. From personal radiation detectors the size of pagers to units large enough to scan trucks and trains, emergency responders can choose from a wide variety of radiation detection equipment for homeland security applications. To make informed decisions when buying equipment, they must have confi...

Procedural changes may reduce cardiac arrests outside pediatric ICUs

...rests and resuscitations with hospitals of similar size and types of patients. They can also evaluate their Code Blue Team's methods to determine how to improve them. Tortoriello and her team found that the hospital's cardiac "hotspot" the non-critical care area where a cardiopulmonary arrest was most l...

Swedish snus much safer than smoking but linked to pancreatic cancer

...ikely to produce a net benefit than harm, with the size of the benefit dependent on how many inveterate smokers switch to snus." In the second Article, Dr Olof Nyrn, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden and colleagues studied around 280,000 Swedish construction workers to...

Menzies School of Health Research receives $5.3 million in Federal Budget

...ent years have seen an unprecedented growth in the size of MSHR both in terms of numbers of staff and research outcomes; and as a result of this we are bursting at the seams," he said. "A building extension will not only result in an extension to our office space to allow us to continue to expand our In...

$10M grant to VCU to develop new cancer treatments

...n treatments are administered, a tumor's shape and size changes. Lung tumors, in particular, change shape and position during treatment due to the patient's breathing. Radiation is often given daily over a period of days or weeks, and the ability to adapt the treatment to a tumor's movement during the cou...

$30 million boost to dementia research

...rs: the population will continue to increase in size but with a higher proportion of older people; economic growth per person will slow as the proportion of the population of traditional workingage falls; and substantial fiscal pressures will emerge due to projected increases in spending, particularl...

Decrease in breast cancer rates likely reflect HRT reduction and saturation of mammography

...breast cancer incidence in relation to age, tumour size at diagnosis and disease stage. Regular mammography screening starts at 40 and HRT is most common in women aged 50 or older, so the study focussed on women age 40 and above. The research team examined trends in breast cancer incidence in the Nation...

Drinking heavy amounts of alcohol shrinks your brain

...nt reduction in the ratio of brain volume to skull size compared to people who didn't drink. In other words, brain volume decreased .25 percent on average for every increase in drinking category (i.e. non-drinkers, former drinkers, low drinkers, moderate drinkers, or high drinkers). In addition, Paul r...

Early onset of poor bone mineralization revealed in children with cystic fibrosis

...ize. "Bone mineral density is influenced by bone size and can be underestimated in smaller individuals," said Dr. Sermet-Gaudelus. "Accordingly, the fact that many of the children with CF in our study were smaller than average for their age might have biased our findings. To compensate for differences i...

New animal study may explain why alcohol consumption increases breast cancer risk

...ohol consumption significantly increased the tumor size of breast cancer in mice, which was a 1.96-fold increase in tumor weight vs. control mice; that alcohol intake caused a 1.28-fold increase in tumor microvessel density vs. the control group; a significant increase in tissue protein levels of ...

Plasmonics book gives overview of technology that could revolutionize computing

...anoshells' a hundred-thousandth of a millimetre in size that absorb infrared energy that passes through the rest of a human body. Dr. Maier's own work is related to plasmon waveguides operating at the frequencies of visible light and at terahertz frequencies....

A revolution in the monitoring of unborn babies

New technology, the size of a mobile phone, which could save the life of an...tect 0.00000001 volts, has now been reduced to the size of a mobile phone. It can compute real time fetal readings and the resulting data can be transmitted...

Speeding 'fingertip' discovery -- 20 years of protein info in 1 place

...t proteins into small fragments, separates them by size and identifies the fragments based on their mass - their size and weight. The process improves on previous techniques by breaking up proteins more gently and keep...

Physicians should be able to review performance rates before release

... methods used to aggregate the data, including the size of the sample; the effectiveness of statistical adjustments (or lack of) used to account for confounding factors, including care attributable to the individual physician, case-mix composition, co-morbidities, severity of illness, and patient non-adhe...

Clinical studies evaluate potential treatments for mouth ulcers

... ulcer diary in which they recorded the number and size of ulcers if any were present, and also the pain associated with them on a scale of one to 10. Then, 14 patients were assigned to take one tablet containing 400 milligrams of pentoxifylline three times per day for 60 days, while 12 took three placeb...

Study links breast cancer risk to epigenetic changes related to race, smoking and birth size

...king status, and infant and childhood size. "Birth size in particular has been correlated with breast cancer later in life, but nobody really knows why," Terry pointed out. "This is a small pilot study to look at one possible mechanism." Other correlating factors included ethnic group and smoking or non...

Study finds drug helps PTSD nightmares

...ld know about them by now." The relatively small size of the study was due to the easy availability of this generic drug, Raskind said. "If you are doing a study with a new drug, the only way people can get it is to be in the study. With prazosin, we have approximately 5,000 veterans with a PTSD diagnos...

Penn researchers show how nanocylinders deliver medicine better than nanospheres

...ters as small as 20 nm and lengths approaching the size of blood cells. The paclitaxel shrunk the tumors and, because the cylinders remained in circulation for up to one week after injection, they delivered a more effective dose, killing more cancer cells and shrinking the tumors to a much greater extent....

Did pack-size laws reduce paracetamol suicides or was fall just a coincidence?

...In their view, "It seems most likely that the pack size regulations did change the pattern of paracetamol poisoning but that changes were far more modest than hoped." Like the authors of the research, they say it is important that, whenever public health legislation is introduced, the impact should be pro...

1 out of every 3 arthritis sufferers is affected in ability to work

...was simply affected in some way. Nonetheless the size of the study enabled the authors to develop US national prevalence estimates for AAWL, the results of which can be used as a benchmark for future studies and to help monitor progress in reducing the number of people with AAWL. In addition, by identif...

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