Tag: "standardized" at medical news

Little evidence behind bronchodilator therapy for cystic fibrosis

...th before and after a test dose of salbutamol in a standardized way, looking for an increase in baseline FEV1 of at least 10 percent," the reviewers concluded. John Colombo, M.D., professor and chief of the pediatric pulmonology section at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, said, "My bias is that all CF [...

CDC awards UGA researchers $900,000 grant to study teen behaviors in high school

...ring for the next three years; teachers complete a standardized and nationally-normed student behavioral rating; data be collected on student attendance, standardized test scores and discipline records; interviews be conducted with students who drop out of school; an...

Less invasive surgery effective in treatment of reflux disease

.... Patients were evaluated post-operatively using a standardized questionnaire including questions on gastrointestinal symptoms and satisfaction with surgery. "In this study, the intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were 2.1 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively, with a subsequent operation rate of ...

New rheumatoid arthritis drug developed at UCSD promises improved treatment options

... instance, "ACR 20" indicates a 20% improvement in standardized symptoms. ACR 20 response was in the 50-55% range; ACR 50 in the 30-40% range; and ACR 70 in the 15-20% range of patients completing the trial. Rheumatoid arthritis, or inflammation of the joints, is a chronic, painful disease affecting one percent ...

Does smoking cloud the brain?

...al, or long-term, project that uses interviews and standardized research questionnaires to look at mental and physical health issues in families, measured every three years. The study, which has run for more than fifteen years and recently was funded for another five, is supported by the National Institute of Al...

Eating fish associated with slower cognitive decline

...two follow-up interviews. Interviews included four standardized cognitive tests and dietary questions on the frequency of consumption of 139 different foods, as well as questions of daily activities, exercise levels, alcohol consumption and medical history. "Dietary intake of fish was inversely associated with c...

US cancer mortality continues decline but incidence rises slightly for women

...the electronic medical record, and the adoption of standardized messaging and vocabularies, may facilitate monitoring of the translation of basic science and clinical advances to cancer prevention and detection and uniformly high-quality care in all areas and populations of the United States," the authors conclud...

Hospitals that follow guidelines save lives

...t showed that a systems approach and tools such as standardized admission and discharge documents and "contracts" ...20 patients treated. And if the hospitals used the standardized tools, the impact looked far greater," Dr. Eagle said. He said the GAP project helps hospitals, care...

Breast-feeding still best despite environmental chemicals in human milk

...als reported in human milk and infant formula in a standardized manner, with interpretation....

Tip sheet for Annals of Internal Medicine, Sept. 20, 2005 issue

...ts (side effects) differed, but few studies used a standardized scale to measure these effects. Second-generation antidepressants include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), selected norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and other drugs. Researchers conclude that choosing the most appropriate antidepre...

Wake up, doc: Lack of sleep affects young doctors just like alcohol does

...nts in vigilance, attention, and driving skills on standardized tests after they had been on duty overnight in the hospital and worked a month of 90-hour weeks, compared with when they had consumed three to four alcoholic drinks after a month of 44-hour weeks with no overnight duties. The study involved medical ...

Many choose more aggressive breast cancer surgery despite breast-sparing option

...the Medical College of Wisconsin, writes, "Even if standardized information could be provided to patients, it seems likely that their interpretation and synthesis of this information would vary with their social context, leading to variability in the surgical choice. It also requires a high level of faith in medi...

Standardized guidelines improve outcomes in stroke care

...utcomes and fewer complications when hospitals use standardized guidelines for stroke care during a patient's admi...her hospitals in California collaborated to create standardized stroke care guidelines. The guidelines include a list of recommended therapies at the time of hospit...

Why don't some patients take their medicines?

... reported experiencing symptoms of depression on a standardized scale were twice as likely to skip medicines due to cost as patients without depression. And patients who reported problems taking medications for other reasons were much more likely to report that they had cut back on medicine use due to cost. "Our...

PTSD, depression epidemic among Cambodian immigrants

...Long Beach, CA homes, beginning in 2003. They used standardized questionnaires for gauging levels of violence exposure and alcohol use disorder and standardized diagnostic interviews to determine the prevalence of PTSD and depression. On average, the refugees r...

Preschoolers who take responsibility do better later on

...djustment in eight-year-olds. Teacher reports and standardized tests showed that this flexible and responsive parenting technique that focused on the child's perspective, explaining the rationale for requests, providing choices, and not using controlling language lead to better outcomes. "Autonomy support was f...

Hormone patch may provide some increase in sexual desire in menopausal women

...re determined on the basis of a woman's reports on standardized questionnaire and sexual function activity log. The researchers found that compared with women receiving placebo, women receiving the middle dosage (300 micrograms per day) had greater increases from baseline in questionnaire scores for sexual desire...

UT Southwestern professor supports development of report cards on hospital infection rates

...tudy found that hospitals adopting combinations of standardized infection control measures and having trained professionals dedicated to infection prevention experienced a 32 percent reduction in infection rates. The authors of the Perspective article suggest including health-care epidemiologists and infection- c...

Statins not associated with reduced dementia risk

...seline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and took a standardized mental test to determine that they were free of dementia when enrolled in the study (between 1991 and 1994). At baseline, information on their health status, cognitive function and medication use, as well as laboratory assessments and diagnostic tes...

A TV in the bedroom is associated with lower standardized test scores among third grade students

...a television in their bedrooms had lower scores on standardized tests while children with access to a home compute...cess, we observed significant differences for each standardized test. Consistently, those with a bedroom television but no home computer access had, on average, the...

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(Date:10/15/2014)... and to an unexpected extent. The outbreak does not ... virus shows a new disease dynamic in regions, where ... the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, acatech – ... Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities ... , In the statement the academies call for the ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in Biomedical Science by ... of genomic instability and its implications for the immune ... to win the Rosenstiel Award; the first, Rod McKinnon, ... the Charles A. Janeway Professor of Pediatrics and Professor ... at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Boston Children,s ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... published in Cancer Research shows SIRT6—a protein ... cancers—can promote the development of skin cancers by turning ... of sun-damaged skin cells. , Previously considered protective, SIRT6 ... sirtuins that help regulate genomic stability and prevent some ... repair DNA damage, which can lead to cancer. This ...
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