Tag: "stanford" at medical news

Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly

... Their study found that, as we age, the lines of communication to the stem cells of our muscles deteriorate and, without the full instructions, it takes longer for injured muscles to heal. Even then, the repairs aren't as good. But now that the researchers have uncovered the co...

Old McDonald's has a hold on kids' taste buds, Stanford/Packard study finds

... ... The study shows that even young children are swayed by brand preferences. The results are likely to fuel...

Aging stem cells in mice may hold answers to diseases of the aged, Stanford study finds

STANFORD, Calif. -- As stem cells in the blood grow older, genetic ...mutations accumulate that could be at the root of blood diseases that ...strike people as they age, according to work done in mice by ...researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. ... "This and our previous work points out why older people are more ...likely to get blood diseases, such as leukemia or anemia, a...

Stanford researchers track human stem cells transplanted into rat brain

STANFORD, Calif. -- Researchers at the Stanford University School of ...Medicine have illuminated the path taken by human neural stem cells ...that were transplanted into the brains of rats and mice, and found ...that the cells successfully navigate toward areas damaged by stroke. ... The research group placed miniscule particles of iron inside stem ...cells to act as cellular beacons detected...

Stanford scientists identify protein involved in fast-spreading cancers

STANFORD, Calif. - Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found a protein that may explain why tumors in a low-oxygen environment are more deadly. ... ...The findings, to be published April 27 in the journal Nature, reveal that tumors that are hypoxic - low in oxygen - make a protein called lysyl oxidase that helps the tumor spread to other organs. Lysyl oxidase, or...

Statins, beta-blockers lessen heart attack risk, says Stanford-Kaiser study

For patients with undiagnosed heart disease, taking medications known as statins and beta-blockers may mean the difference between suffering a heart attack as a first symptom versus experiencing mild chest pain....... New research from the Stanford University School of Medicine suggests that these preventive drugs can steer patients away from having a heart attack toward the less serious symptom...

Most effective anthrax treatment: VA-Stanford study finds

When spores sent through the mail in 2001 caused 11 people to contract anthrax - ultimately killing five of them - infectious disease specialists noted that the death rate was substantially lower than the historical mortality rate, which approached 100 percent. Many assumed that access to modern intensive care units and more powerful antibiotics made the difference....... But after completing th...

Once-fatal metabolic disorders treatable, says Stanford/Packard researcher

STANFORD, Calif. -- People with a class of rare genetic disorders that ...often lead to brain damage, coma and death can be successfully ...treated with drugs, says a researcher at the Stanford University ...School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital. ... The researchers found in their unprecedented 25-year study that ...prompt diagnosis coupled with a rapid start of intravenous...

Tiny newborns face higher risk of death at community hospitals, Stanford/VA study finds

STANFORD, Calif. - More than 20 percent of very small babies who died ...in California between 1991 and 2000 might have lived had they been ...born in different hospitals, say researchers at the Stanford ...University School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto ...Health Care System. ... Consolidating the risky deliveries at highly experienced regional ...medical centers may be one wa...

'Star Trek'-type scanning may reveal genetic activity of tumors, Stanford study shows

... The research team is reporting that by looking at images from radiology scans - such as the CT scans a cancer patient routinely gets - radiologists can discern most of the genetic activity of a tumor. Such information could lead to diagnosing and treating patients individually, based on the unique c...

Scavenger cells may have role blocking obesity, Stanford study shows

STANFORD, Calif. -- Macrophages - the scavenger cells of the body's ...immune system - are known as troublemakers for the role they play in ...obesity, but Stanford University School of Medicine researchers have ...found that the cells can also be saviors when it comes to metabolism. ... The researchers highlight the beneficial role of macrophages in ...combating the effects of a high-fat diet...

Stanford researchers identify immune dysfunction in melanoma patients

... In a small study, the scientists found that the immune cells in a majority of people with this deadly skin cancer fail to respond properly to a molecule called interferon, which normally activates the immune system. Without the ability to respond to interferon, the cells are less able to fend off the cancer, acco...

Eye diseases gave great painters different vision of their work, Stanford ophthalmologist says

STANFORD, Calif. - Michael Marmor, MD, wanted to know what it was ...like to see through the eyes of an artist. Literally. ... After writing two books on the topic of artists and eye disease, the ...Stanford University School of Medicine ophthalmologist decided to go ...one step further and create images that would show how artists with ...eye disease actually saw their world and their canvases...

IADR presents Research in Prosthodontics & Implants Award to Stanford

... Dr. Stanfords research areas deal with osteoblastic gene expres...

Insight on fruit fly immune system could lead to new types of vaccines, Stanford researchers say

... ... The evidence that a fruit fly's immune response can adapt to - or retain memory of - an earlier infection contradicts the long-held dogma that immun...

Severe PTSD damages children's brains, Stanford/Packard study shows

... Although similar effects have been seen in animal studies, this is the first time the findings have been replicated in children. The researchers focused on kids in extreme...

Drug treatment improves learning in mice with Down syndrome symptoms, Stanford/Packard study shows

... "This treatment has remarkable potential," said Craig Garner, PhD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and...

RNAi shows promise in gene therapy, Stanford researcher says

SAN FRANCISCO -- Three years ago Mark Kay, MD, PhD, published the ...first results showing that a biological phenomenon called RNA ...interference could be an effective gene therapy technique. Since then ...he has used RNAi gene therapy to effectively shut down the viruses ...that cause hepatitis and HIV in mice. ... With three human RNAi gene therapy trials now under way - two in ...macular de...

New info on eating disorders in two Stanford/Packard children's studies

STANFORD, Calif. - Parenting a child with an eating disorder - ...monitoring meals, friends and activities - can be a full-time job. ...But two new studies from researchers at the Stanford University ...School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital indicate a ...need for increased vigilance in two key areas: Internet use among ...adolescents with the condition, and pre-teen weight lo...

More insight into Alzheimer's disease with Stanford discovery of possible cause

STANFORD, Calif. - A peacekeeper in the body's defenses against ...infection may hold the key to understanding - and eventually treating ...- Alzheimer's disease. Researchers at the Stanford University School ...of Medicine discovered that when a molecule responsible for dialing ...down the immune system malfunctions in the brain cells of mice, the ...rodents develop symptoms of the degenerative...

Stanford's Carstensen to receive GSA's 2006 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award

... The award presentation will take place at GSA's 59th Annual Scientific Meeting, which will be held from November 16th-20th, 2006 in Dallas, TX. The actual conferral will o...

To slow AIDS in Russia, treat HIV-positive addicts, Stanford study says

STANFORD, Calif. - The key to combating AIDS in Russia may be to ...treat HIV-infected drug users. A new model estimating the spread of ...HIV in Russia suggests that treating injection drug users with ...antiretroviral medication will slow transmission of the virus among ...the general population. ... The study, which will appear in the December issue of the journal ...AIDS, was led by Douglas...

Nap a day makes doctors OK, Stanford study finds

STANFORD, Calif. - Give emergency room doctors a nap, and not only ...will they do a better job, they'll also be nicer to you, according to ...a new study from Stanford University School of Medicine. ... The findings, to be published in the November issue of Annals of ...Emergency Medicine, showed improved mood, a higher alertness level ...and the ability to complete a simulated I.V. insertion m...

Cancer drug may be remedy for rheumatoid arthritis, Stanford study finds

... Although the study shows that Gleevec worked well in mice, the researchers cautioned against doctors using Gleevec for treating rheumatoid arthritis until clinical trials are completed demonstrating its effectiveness and safety for people with the d...

Hope for significant new diabetes treatment in Stanford discovery

... So it's not exactly a surprise that Seung Kim, MD, PhD, assistant professor of developmental biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, chose to study why calcineurin inhibition leads to the disease. What is surprising is just how central calcineurin turns out to be in the health and happiness of the insulin-producing pancreatic...

Top NIH prize goes to three pioneering Stanford scientists

... The 2006 recipients from Stanford are Kwabena Boahen, PhD; Karla Kirkegaard, PhD; and David Relman, MD. The 13 winners, selected from a pool of 465 applicants, will be announced by the NIH Sept. 19 in Bethesda, Md. With three winners, Stanford...

More than just pretty faces for this brain region, says Stanford researcher

... Current face perception theories suggest neurons in a portion of the brain called the fusiform gyrus light up in response to a face, leading researchers to refer to this region as the "fusiform face area." But a study to be published in...

Community model effective in allotting anti-AIDS meds, Stanford doctor says

... Israelski, clinical professor of infectious diseases at the School of Medicine, is medical director of the nongovernmental organization, AIDS Empowerment and Treatment International, or AIDSETI, a network of 23 associations in 14 sub-Saharan African and Caribbean countries, whose mission is to suppor...

Boosting key protein in brain could improve seizure treatment, Stanford study finds

... Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine discovered that the drug valproic acid boosts the amount of the protein neuropeptide Y in the brain by about 50 percent. What's more, they found that the drug increased the protein in only two parts of the brain - the thalamus and hippocampus, areas associated respectively with petit mal and temporal lobe epileptic seizures. The...

Stanford snake venom study shows that certain cells may eliminate poison

... It's long been thought that the body's own immune system, rather than reducing the symptoms, may make things worse. But now researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have shown that the immune system really does side with the victim, at least in four...

Grueling four-day race becomes Stanford lab for cardiac experiments

... At about 2 a.m. on Aug. 1, 2001, the winning team of four athletes collapsed across the finishing line after 90 continuous hours of biking, climbing, swimming, paddling and rope work with virtually no sleep. "We waited in the cold and wet and literally picked them up at the end of the race," said Ashley, who then fed...

Chocolate, wine, spicy foods may be OK for heartburn, Stanford study finds

... ... Many of Gerson's patients walk into her clinic u...

Stanford researcher links hot flashes to insomnia

Stanford, Calif. - Millions of women experience menopause each year, and many find themselves having to cope with a plethora of unpleasant symptoms. Hot flashes, headaches and mood swings all come with the territory and, for some women, so does insomnia....... Maurice Ohayon, MD, PhD, DSc, associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and director of sleep epidemiology at the Stanford...

Stanford doctors advance in bid to turn mice stem cells into blood vessels

Stanford, Calif. - Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have taken a first step toward growing blood vessels from stem cells that could eventually be transplanted into living organisms.......... Starting with embryonic stem cells derived from mice, surgical resident Oscar Abilez, MD, and colleagues have successfully differentiated the stem cells into myocytes, one of the buil...

Menopausal women don't get enough guidance on treatment options, Stanford survey shows

STANFORD, Calif. - Few women are consulting their doctors before opting to use herbal therapies and soy products to treat their menopausal symptoms, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found....... ...The trend is of particular note because growing numbers of women are turning to alternative therapies to relieve such symptoms as hot flashes, headaches, mood swings and s...

Doctors widely prescribe drugs without adequate scrutiny, Stanford scientist finds

STANFORD, Calif. - In choosing which drugs to prescribe, doctors often select medications for patients despite a lack of conclusive medical evidence of their effects and safety, according to a new study led by a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine....... Of a wide sampling of prescriptions dispensed to patients in 2001, 21 percent were intended to treat medical conditions for...

For one Stanford doctor, the beat goes on during open-heart surgery

STANFORD, Calif. - In a Stanford Hospital surgery room on a recent afternoon, heart surgeon Kai Ihnken demonstrated how he repositions the beating heart while it's still inside the chest of a 78-year-old man undergoing triple bypass surgery. The surgeon reached into the chest, lifted the beating heart out, then craned his neck to the side, just so, searching for the right spot on the back of the...

Watch not, want not? Packard/Stanford study links kids' TV time and consumerism

STANFORD, Calif. - Peace at any price? More than one parent has forked over cash in a desperate bid to stop their kids' badgering for the hottest toy or the latest snack. Now researchers at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and Stanford's School of Medicine have found that the more time California third-graders spent in front of the tube or playing video games, the more often they asked an adult...

Stanford doctors spotlight fatal flaw in multiple sclerosis drug trial

When Anita Louise Smith enrolled in an experimental drug trial in 2002 in Colorado, she had a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis but no symptoms and was looking to reduce the chances of being ravaged by the disease. Last year, she died at the age of 46 from an infection linked to the drug....... This tragedy - recounted in an article in the March 4 issue of The Lancet by two Stanford University Scho...

Stanford researcher says new data confirms they help women avoid hip fractures

Taking calcium and Vitamin D slightly decreased the risk of hip fractures in older women, but not the risk for other types of fractures or for colorectal cancer, according to the latest findings from the federally funded Women's Health Initiative. Additionally, the supplements slightly increased the incidence of kidney stones....... ...A researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine wh...
(Date:7/25/2014)... engineering at the University of Houston, has written ... organ development., "Introduction to Tissue Engineering: Applications and ... the field of artificial organ development. Metin Akay, ... UH, served as a series editor on the ... published books on the subject of growing artificial ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... (DTT), which is derived from diffusion tensor imaging ... tracts, such as the corticospinal tract, the rubrospinal ... corticospinal tract is known to be a major ... brain. Several studies have reported on injury of ... some studies have demonstrated recovery of a corticospinal ...
(Date:7/25/2014)... , July 25, 2014 ... consumers are turning to digital technology for online & ... NXTD), Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG ), LifeLock ... V ), Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: ... NXT-ID, Inc., (OTCQB: NXTD) a biometric authentication company focused ...
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