Tag: "strains" at medical news
New study focuses on radiation-associated cancer risks
...sk of radiation-associated cancer between species, strains
of a species, and organs within a species. Currently, the heterogeneity between and within patient populations of virtually every parameter considered in risk estimation results in substantial uncertainty in quantification of a general risk factor. ...
Drug resistance in an influenza pandemic
...isk of resistance emerging and resistant influenza strains
causing illness in a substantial number of people....the spread of resistant viruses, even if resistant strains
emerged only rarely. Second, even with resistant strains
circulating, prophylaxis and treatment with...
Temple University Hospital investigates treatment for cervical dysplasia
...he immune system can not prevent certain high-risk strains
of the virus from causing cervical dysplasia, a co...es have shown protection against certain high-risk strains
that cause approximately 55 percent of high-grade cervical dysplasia and 70 percent of cervical canc...
New research may overturn conventional wisdom on drug-resistant tuberculosis
...up of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) strains
have shown that resistance can also result from re...d during treatment. The researchers found that the strains
of TB in the samples taken before treatment were genetically different from those taken during treat...
Smoking increases risk of TB infection, says new study
...increases. The increase in multi-drug resistant TB strains
is making it more difficult to treat active infections, the researchers added. "TB is very difficult to deal with," said Smith. "There is a lot of worry about TB in the world. The standard methods of dealing with it - such as finding people who are...
ACS News Service Weekly PressPac -- Feb. 28, 2007
...es, the study states, adding that arsenic-tolerant strains
of rice often are grown in those fields. When researchers modeled rice intake, they concluded that certain population groups could get dietary exposure to arsenic that exceeds Californias state exposure limits. Those groups include low-income indiv...
Blocking immune cell action increases Alzheimer's-associated protein deposits
...a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease and generated strains
in which one or both copies of the CCR2 gene had been deleted. They found that mice lacking CCR2 had significantly more amyloid-beta in their brains than did the Alzheimer's-model mice that retained the molecule. These deposits were primarily fou...
Patient adherence for successful tuberculosis treatment
... prevent the arrival on the scene of new resistant strains
of bacteria. Research work is continuing, in the form of a trial conducted by the IRD in conjunction with WHO, aiming to make available a shorter, 4-month treatment which could lead to still a further improvement of adherence and outcome results....
Jefferson immunology researchers show blood-brain barrier damage could affect MS severity
...isease often used as a model. They studied various strains
of mice, each lacking some genes associated with inflammation and immunity, and looked at what happened to the blood-brain barrier. They discovered that the amount of blood-brain barrier damage and subsequent permeability increase correlated to th...
Bypassing eggs, flu vaccine grown in insect cells shows promise
...uded vaccine designed to protect against the three strains
of flu that had been predicted to be the greatest threat during the 2004-2005 winter, when the study was conducted. As the scientists expected, both the smaller dose and the larger dose caused an immune reaction generally considered effective for f...
Resistant HIV quickly hides in infants' cells
...cent. However, the transmission of drug-resistant strains
of HIV from mother to child is still a problem, an...ntrolling HIV viral load and NNRTI-resistant virus strains
for all infants studied. These findings have important implications when it comes to choosing amon...
'Wrapping' Gleevec fights drug-resistant cancer
...tive against both non-resistant and drug-resistant strains
of gastrointestinal cancer cells. WBZ-7 is not yet available for human testing, and a date for human trials has not been set. Fernandez said the research team is preparing for the next phase of testing in laboratory animals....
Serious illness among children with sickle cell disease reduced with vaccine
...r. Halasa did express concern, however, that other strains
of pneumococcus besides the seven included in the vaccine might become more common, thus renewing the threat of IPD. For this reason, she said, monitoring for IPD should continue in all populations, including those who are at high-risk for IPD, such ...
Health officials renew Indo-US Vaccine Action Program
...g, Indian and American scientists discovered novel strains
of rotavirus in Indian newborns. Further research confirmed that when these strains
are used as a basis for candidate vaccines, the vaccines might protect against the disease. Drs. Bha...
US soldiers in Iraq fighting drug-resistant bacteria after injuries
...o, Texas) and colleagues found that drug-resistant strains
of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex a...tion throughout the world, and multidrug-resistant strains
of the bacteria have been infecting injured soldiers treated in US military hospitals in Iraq. "We...
Scientists develop method to track immune system enzyme in live animals
...tional Institutes of Health have created two mouse strains
that will permit researchers to trace, in a live a...asellas. Scientists can also cross these new mouse strains
with mice predisposed to B-cell tumors or autoimmunity to see differences in enzyme expression in he...
Extremely drug resistant TB a growing problem in India
...tates. MDR-TB (multi-drug resistant TB) describes strains
of tuberculosis that are resistant to at least the two first-line TB drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin. XDR-TB is MDR-TB that is also resistant to three or more of the six classes of second-line drugs. XDR-TB leaves patients (including many people livi...
Soldiers acquired drug-resistant infections in field hospitals
... variety of drugs. Unfortunately, in recent years, strains
of Acinetobacter have been emerging that are resistant to nearly all known remedies. The ABC infections found among the U.S. service members are of this type, known as multi-drug resistant (MDR). Between March and October 2003, researchers from the...
What exactly is repetitive strain injury?
... adults of working age, with many people reporting strains
of the hands, wrists, arms, shoulders or neck. Several countries report RSI incidence of 5-10%, although this could be as high as 40% in specific working populations. Several hypotheses exist for how RSI occurs, but none have been supported by stro...
Veterinarians at increased risk of avian influenza virus infection
...e very different should aggressive avian influenza strains
enter the United States like the H5N1 strains
infecting domestic birds in Asia," Gray said. "As federal officials continue to plan for a pandemic ...
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