Tag: "structures" at medical news

New lifestyles, new data planners need a modern definition of the 'family'

...niversity of Essex, 'Changing household and family structures and complex living arrangements', is published today by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) to accompany a seminar held in conjunction with the Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the British Society for Population Studies (BSPS). I...

Computerized atlas highlights 'plethora' of changes in brain disorder

...hem to more precisely link alterations in specific structures to changes in cognitive functions. Although interventions to alter brain development in Williams syndrome are likely still a long way off, identifying the connections between genetic changes, alterations in brain structure and changes in brain funct...

New MRI technique shows emphysema in asymptomatic smokers

... helium, the researchers were able to measure lung structures with 2 times more precision than with CT, and 10 times more precision than with conventional MRI methods. Age is a significant factor in the development of emphysema-like changes. The researchers found that, in general, the airspaces in the lungs enl...

Pick your COX partners

...ion, and heart attacks are formed. The molecular structures of COX-1 and COX-2 are remarkably similar, but a subtle variation in their structure permits the construction of drugs that are selective in their inhibition for COX -2. For this study the researchers developed a novel genetic mouse model that mimics...

EU's free trade rules exacerbate alcohol-related harm

... EU law. The Lancet believes that these inflexible structures undermine national alcohol-control policies and contribute to social harm. The Lancet comments: "The two central tenets of alcohol policy currently favoured by the EU's politicians--public education and self regulation by the alcoholic-beverage indus...

Erotic images elicit strong response from brain

...e, with processing taking place in different brain structures for erotic pictures than those that process the ot...am (EEG) technology cannot pinpoint specific brain structures involved in this visual processing, Anokhin says it's not clear exactly which circuits are reacting ...

Where the brain organizes actions

...an language, especially in processing hierarchical structures of human language and in organizing linguistic seg...e function specialized for processing hierarchical structures in multiple domains of human cognition. We speculate that the modular executive system of hierarchic...

DNA repair in mammal embryos is a matter of timing

..." McKinnon said. But as cells acquire specialized structures and functions, they stop dividing and no longer produce sister chromatids. "When cells begin assuming specific roles in the brain, they stow away most of their chromosomes into tightly wrapped strings of DNA and use only those genes required to survi...

$20 million gift to Rush University Medical Center kicks-off campus redevelopment

... parking, and eventually remove some of the oldest structures on campus. The new hospital will incorporate a brand new concept called an "interventional platform." Two floors extending from the new hospital into the renovated Atrium building will be devoted to surgery, imaging and specialty procedures. This inc...

Cancer-causing protein may heal damaged spinal cord and brain cells

... of Id proteins to stimulate growth of axons - the structures on neurons responsible for transmitting electrical signals in the brain and spinal cord. But to do that they needed to overcome the problem of the APC enzyme, which degrades the protein in normal cells. So they constructed a "super" Id protein that...

Rutgers/EOHSI builds model to assess World Trade Center fallout

...e urban atmosphere by the collapse of the WTC main structures and by the fires at Ground Zero, forming a plume of smoke and fine particulate matter. It rose 1.25 kilometers into the sky, and blew over lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens shifting direction with the wind, so people in New Jersey and Northern M...

JCI table of contents: July 3, 2006

...nsuring continuous CSF flow. Microscopic hair-like structures known as cilia cover the surface of cells in the aqueduct and also help maintain CSF flow. Shen and colleagues examined mice overexpressing the human PAC1 receptor, which binds the neurotransmitter PACAP, on the surface of SCO cells. These animals de...

ESC recommends interdisciplinary collaboration in non-invasive imaging

...ill require reorganisation of traditional hospital structures and a new way of working. Cardiac units should de...ill require reorganisation of traditional hospital structures and a new way of working. Future diagnostic specialists in cardiology should be trained in several ...

Steroid abuse harms gingival tissues

...ound in plaque to accumulate and attack supporting structures of the teeth, potentially leading to severe periodontal infection. "It was found that AAS abusers had statistically significant levels of gingival enlargement compared to non-users, requiring a gingivectomy for many cases," explains Onur Ozcelik, ...

Rutgers-Newark researcher discovers new motor protein mechanism linked to heart disease and strokes

...r to give scientists a moving picture of molecular structures within the body. The methodology used in Kalodimos group provides researchers with detailed, moving pictures rather than static images produced by other technologies such as X-ray crystallography.Kalodimos likens the motor protein and bacteria activi...

Keep the baby, toss the bathwater: How kidneys retain proteins, discard waste

...ragm and the GBM are found in the glomeruli, small structures within the kidney that filter wastes from the bloo...into the urine, and the slit diaphragm and related structures determine its concentration," he explains. "It's a very complicated combination of fluid dynamics an...

Key event in cell death occurs as single, quick event

...s in the membranes of mitochondria. These cellular structures contain enzymes that extract energy from food molecules, and the space within the membrane surrounding them holds a variety of proteins that are released during apoptosis. Results of the study indicate the formation of pores in the mitochondrial mem...

Commonwealth Fund commission says the US health care system needs thorough transformation

...incentives to make sustained improvements; payment structures are misaligned and provide financial incentives for inefficient care; there is not enough investment in health information technology; and there is a persistent lack of accountability. "More and more people are facing problems with their health ca...

Brain's 'gambling circuitry' identified

...MRI) of their brains, distinguishes the "gambling" structures in the brain. Importantly, their findings tease apart the gambling function of these brain structures from their functions in learning, motivation, and assessment of the salience of a stimulus. In the...

Hearing loss and high-speed dental tools

...ent ringing indicates damage to the tiny hair-like structures within the inner ear and if exposure to loud noise continues, permanent hearing loss is likely. Most of the current high-speed hand pieces, such as high-speed drills and scalers used by dental professionals, are between 90 to 100 decibels, says Fo...

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(Date:10/28/2014)... of Health (NIH) announced awards to expand the ... National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (ORDR-NCATS) collaborative ... the network, physician scientists at 22 consortia will ... clinical research and investigate new treatments for patients ... by $29 million in fiscal 2014 funding from ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... researchers have delivered a scientific one-two punch with a ... self-assemble via their sticky ends. , Collagen is the ... bone and the fibrous tissues that support cells and ... better synthetic collagen for tissue engineering and cosmetic and ... has been studying synthetic collagen for a decade, teasing ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... 27, 2014) — Recent breakthroughs may pave the ... infected by parasitic helminths. These flatworms, including tapeworms ... and blood flukes (schistosomes), infect more than 300 ... life years lost due to chronic illness and ... , professor of microbiology, immunology, and tropical medicine, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study 2NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study 3'Sticky' ends start synthetic collagen growth 2'Sticky' ends start synthetic collagen growth 3GW researcher adapting breakthrough technologies to combat parasitic worm infections 2
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