Tag: "subtypes" at medical news
The appetite-regulating peptide leptin influences alcohol craving for some alcoholics
...ence alcohol craving, but especially among certain subtypes
of alcoholics. Results are published in the Ju...e idea of investigating these peptides in specific subtypes
of alcohol dependence. Hillemacher is also the corresponding author for the study. There exist fo...
$7.5 million NIH grant to Yale for Autism Center of Excellence
...ny boys as girls. Researchers do not know how many subtypes
of autism exist. There are probably several causes giving rise to this neurodevelopmental syndrome, but researchers have found that it is the most strongly genetic condition among all developmental disorders. The Yale Child Study Center has led th...
Study links attempted suicide with genetic evidence identified in previous suicide research
...eople to developing bipolar disorder or particular subtypes
of the illness....
Study examines risk of soft tissue sarcomas in hereditary retinoblastoma survivors
...itary retinoblastoma survivors developing specific subtypes
of soft tissue sarcomas and finds that this risk p...vivors to better understand the risks for specific subtypes
of soft tissue sarcomas. The patients were diagnosed between 1914 and 1984 at medical centers in New...
Maximizing womens' health benefits when resources are limited
...study of the molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 virus subtypes
in Yunnan province. They found a dynamic and evolv... be similar in other parts of China as the various subtypes
spread. The results of the study also have implications for future HIV vaccine development. Citati...
Kennedy Krieger awarded $9 million to study learning disabilities in growing ranks of adolescents
...on; and, determine the prevalence of different subtypes
of reading disabilities by building upon the knowledge gained from the above projects. One particular focus of the Center will be an examination of the phenomenon known as the "fourth grade slump," whereby children who were successful learners ...
New gene linked to bipolar disorder
...have already shown that there are multiple genetic subtypes
of the disorder, but progress in identifying the exact genes responsible has been slow because groups of families inherit different susceptibility genes. The Slynar gene is normally found in the brain, but in bipolar disorder has an abnormal effe...
Short episodes of manic symptoms may indicate bipolar disorder in some youth
... were evaluated to determine differences among the subtypes
of bipolar disorder in intensity of symptoms, functional impairment, comorbid diagnoses, family history and manic symptoms. A diagnosis of BP-I was most common among participants, with 255 (58.2 percent) having symptoms that qualified. A substantia...
Hopkins-led study finds that chronic form of depression runs in families
...e are still working on determining whether certain subtypes
of the illness do so more strongly than others," says Potash. Our large study allows us the numbers to examine these questions in subgroups." Potash credits lead author Francis Mondimore, M.D., of the Department of Psychiatry at Hopkins, with obse...
Analysis of Spanish flu cases in 1918-1920 suggests transfusions might help in bird flu pandemic
...0v1 . Spanish flu (H1N1) and bird flu (H5N1) are subtypes
of influenza A virus. The Spanish flu pandemic in 1918 to 1920 killed between 20 million and 100 million people worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) says that a bird-flu pandemic is a serious possibility today. As of August 24, 2006, 241...
African Americans have lower response rate to standard therapy for hepatitis C
...tor of genotype 1, and among persons infected with subtypes
1a and 1b, older age and non-Hispanic black race were the important predictors of genotype 1b...genotype1 and non-Hispanic black race, have been associated with a reduced response to antiviral therapies."^ Hepatitis C Surveys indicate that 1.3 per...
Chronic middle ear infections linked to resistant biofilm bacteria
...ndergo surgery in the United States. There are two subtypes
of chronic OM: recurrent OM (ROM) is diagnosed when children suffer repeated infections over a span of time and during which clinical evidence of the disease resolves between episodes, and chronic OM with effusion is diagnosed when children have pers...
Cancer researchers confirm brain tumor genetic subtype informs treatment, predicts outcome
...blastomas, two types of brain cancer where genetic subtypes
exist," says Tony Magliocco, director, Translational Laboratories, Tom Baker Cancer Centre. "Currently, the diagnostic test procedures are being perfected and in the coming months will be applied to newly diagnosed tumour samples from across Alberta....
Pre-menopausal African American women more likely to have certain type of breast cancer
...nts of breast cancer risk to identify breast tumor subtypes
and determine associations between tumor subtypes
and race, menopausal status, tumor characteristics, and survival. The Carolina Breast Cancer Study,...
Study: Breast cancer in younger black women is more likely to be an aggressive variety
...nts show a high frequency of one of the aggressive subtypes
of breast cancer called basal-like," said Millikan... we were looking at how frequently these different subtypes
occur in a given population." DNA microarray analysis allows scientists to determine the expression...
UCLA researchers discover how drug binds to neurons to stop drunken symptoms of alcohol
...previously found that these receptors are specific subtypes
of Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA-A) receptors that play a role in impairing motor coordination caused by alcohol in experimental animals. IMPACT: These studies are the first to show how the alcohol antidote drug Ro15-4513 binds to these GABA-A rec...
H5N1 threat puts human flu back in spotlight
...ns on their surface, HA and NA. There are 16 known subtypes
of HA (H) proteins and 9 subtypes
of NA (N) proteins, which are used to name the viruses, such as H5N1. The virus uses the HA protein ...
Mayo Clinic finding may double genetic screening effectiveness for sudden death heart condition
...tally, we have discovered that the two most common subtypes
of HCM have markedly distinct genetic underpinnings," he says. The Meaning of Shape The researchers examined two distinct anatomical heart shapes. One shape is described as sigmoid, and the other is called reverse curvature. In their report, the ...
Advances in chemotherapy improve outcomes in select breast cancers
...omogeneous disease, but rather a disease with many subtypes
and requires a variety of new treatment approaches," said Eric Winer, MD, the paper's senior author and director of Dana-Farber's Breast Oncology Center. Winer and his colleagues conducted a retrospective analysis of three large national breast cance...
Scientists discover new genetic subtypes of common blood cancer
...ollaborators have identified four distinct genetic subtypes
of multiple myeloma, a deadly blood cancer, that h... Previously, scientists had identified two genetic subtypes
of myeloma. One, called hyperdiploid MM, is characterized by extra copies of entire chromosomes, and...