Tag: "surveillance" at medical news
Study finds radiation therapy for prostate cancer nearly doubles risk for rectal cancer
...idering the individualized course of treatment and surveillance
for patients with prostate cancer," said Baxter. "Additionally, we recommend that men who have had prostate radiation should be monitored for rectal cancer starting five years after treatment." She further advises that men undergoing radiation ther...
Radiation therapy for prostate cancer nearly doubles the risk of rectal cancer
...idering the individualized course of treatment and surveillance
for patients with prostate cancer," said Baxter. Since the study results are based on men who were treated for prostate cancer prior to 1995, the risk of developing cancer may be reduced by the evolution of radiation delivery techniques. However, re...
Significant fall in serious violence in England and Wales
...The study also looked at the effectiveness of CCTV surveillance
in preventing violence, and the reliability of police statistics as a measure of violent crime. The study found that an estimated 25,700 fewer people attended major Accident and Emergency departments after violence-related injury in England in 2004...
Officials simulate bioterrorist attack to test APL-developed disease surveillance
... poison control centers and other sources, disease surveillance
can serve as an early warning alarm. The NCR netwo...work among public health programs, the NCR disease surveillance
system offers a first line of defense in the national capital area. Wednesday's exercise was designe...
Mailman School shares new virus identification technologies
...the increased speed, accuracy, and coordination of surveillance
and response will save lives." Select list of institutions participating in Greene Lab training course: Australian Biosecurity CRC, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Austrailia Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, Winnipeg, Can...
Monitoring program finds serious, unreported adverse drug reactions
...erful new instrument that supplements existing FDA surveillance
systems and has helped save hundreds to thousands ...nnett, M.D., who directs the adverse drug reaction surveillance
program. Bennett is professor of medicine in the division of hematology/oncology at Northwestern Uni...
An alternative to prevent UC-associated colon cancer
...n colon cancer prevention is frequent colonoscopic surveillance
and random biopsies every one to two years, which ...rative colitis depends not only on the efficacy of surveillance
or chemoprevention, but also on complication rates, costs, and quality of life of the patient, says ...
Combined MRI and mammography more effective at detecting breast cancer in high-risk women
...: "Although there is now unequivocal evidence that surveillance
MRI is significantly more sensitive than mammography for women at high hereditary risk and detects cancers at an earlier stage, it is not yet known whether it will lower mortality in this population."...
Post-marketing analysis examines cholesterol-lowering drugs' side effects
...the voluntary nature of the current post-marketing surveillance
system to be the greatest limitation. "One of the limitations is that the current surveillance
system does not require the reporting of all the drugs that patients are taking," he said. As a re...
African HIV subtypes identified in Minnesota population
...nty Medical Center, emphasizes the need for better surveillance
of HIV-1 subtypes to determine their prevalence. F...ent of Health piloted HIV-1 subtyping with routine surveillance
to describe and monitor non-B-subtype HIV-1 isolates. In Minnesota, African-born persons make up les...
Risk factors for tuberculosis and homelessness often overlap in US
...03 represents the first full decade of national TB surveillance
that includes an assessment of homelessness." Mary...e in the United States they were unable to use the surveillance
data to determine rates of TB disease among the homeless and instead calculated the proportion of al...
Multi-drug resistant TB persists in California
...yzed drug susceptibility data in the California TB surveillance
system to describe the magnitude, trends, geographic distribution, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of drug-resistant TB cases to better understand the impact of resistance to multiple drugs on TB control in California and to plan...
Researchers confirm increasing risk for heart failure in aging US population
...dy of this clinical syndrome. These community-wide surveillance
projects need to be developed and maintained for long periods of time to provide timely and ongoing insights to the effective primary and secondary prevention of this serious clinical problem." He continues, "The results of the present investigation ...
Radiation exposure during virtual colonoscopy doesn't significantly raise cancer risks
...eir patients, allow to remain in place and undergo surveillance
rather than immediate removal? How will CT colonography screening followed by colonoscopy for patients with polyps impact patients' compliance and health-care costs? Bowel preparation continues to be a large barrier to patient compliance for colore...
Hepatitis A in US drops substantially after implementation of vaccination program
...lleagues analyzed data from a national hepatitis A surveillance
to determine changes in the incidence and epidemio...tion in the Jerusalem district, in whom the active surveillance
program was successfully conducted, a more than 90 percent reduction of disease was demonstrated. Of...
Creating a new questionnaire to assess alcohol problems among college students
...different applications, including self-assessment, surveillance
of alcohol problems on campus, and as a treatment-needs change measure. "More work is required, however, to have a clear sense of the meaning of different scores on the scale," he said. Kahler and his colleagues plan to continue refining their new ...
Many cancer survivors initiate lifestyle changes to benefit their health
..., "it is not yet clear how focused that care is on surveillance
for cancer recurrence versus health promotion, disease prevention, and monitoring or prevention of late effects." Dr. Ganz pointed to the transition time at the end of cancer treatment as a "teachable moment" for oncologists as well, adding, "Cancer ...
Blood pressure poorly controlled in the elderly, especially women
...bstantial, Lloyd-Jones said. Studies from national surveillance
data, however, are typically limited to adults younger than age 75, and information regarding current patterns of treatment and control of high blood pressure among those 80 and older is sparse. Lloyd-Jones and co-researchers Jane C. Evans and Danie...
Children's receives one of only two national pediatric rheumatology training grants
...drugs, whose long-term effects on the body's tumor surveillance
capabilities is unclear. Not only is Dr. Hirsch searching for the cause of JRA in the laboratory, he also is recruiting some of the best researchers and clinicians to join him in paving the way to more effective therapies. "Although we are interest...
New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions
...he early 1990s prompted changes in epidemiological surveillance
that have increased our knowledge of foodborne bac...emonstrated the potential for integrated molecular surveillance
to provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of hepatitis A and facilitate rapid responses ...
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