Tag: "tobacco" at medical news
Mothers use evasive action to protect sick children from smoking fathers
...ren under the age of five are regularly exposed to tobacco
smoke in their own homes." The authors argue that there is a clear need to tackle smoking in the home and that this will be given added momentum by public smoking bans. "A number of countries have, or are planning to introduce, legislation to ban ...
Project highlights priorities for global disease control
... be central to gains in sub-Saharan Africa. Higher tobacco
taxes and low-cost "polypill" treatment for those with existing stroke or heart attack will be important for the control of cardiovascular disease and stroke. For the HIV/AIDS epidemic, treating sexually transmitted diseases and targeting condom dist...
Simple formula predicts blood needs in heart surgery
...y, age, gender, weight, heart and kidney function, tobacco
use and other accompanying illnesses. For the first two-thirds of the patients, they determined which characteristics led to greater blood use. They then developed the formula based on those findings and tested its predictive abilities on the last th...
Rapid lung function decline raises risk of death and hospitalization
...l smokers develop COPD as a result of irritants in tobacco
that causes inflammation of the alveoli. Over the course of three years, the investigators analyzed 13,756 middle-aged adults, all of whom participated in the 1986 Atherosclerosis Risk in the Communities Study and provided baseline information on res...
In utero exposure to urban air pollutants can increase risk
...engines, residential heating, power generation, or tobacco
smoking. Following inhalation by the mother, the p...roblems such as socioeconomic factors, exposure to tobacco
smoke, lead, and other environmental contaminants....
Markers of PCOS inherited, persist and raise risk for heart disease, diabetes
...re on their reproductive history, exercise habits, tobacco
use, and alcohol intake. In investigating lipid levels, the researchers found that mothers of women with PCOS had elevated total and LDL cholesterol, but triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels did not differ between the ...
Smoking may cause far more cancer deaths in Asian Americans than previously recognized
... ethnic groups can be explained almost entirely by tobacco
smoke exposure suggesting that if smoking were el...er deaths. "In light of these findings, we believe tobacco
control for Asian and Pacific Islander Americans, and probably other Americans, deserves more effort...
Binghamton University research focuses on heart health in rural women
... activities focused on diet, physical activity and tobacco
avoidance. The type of support the women receive will be matched to their level of interest in changing their behavior, Stewart Fahs said. For instance, it doesn't help a woman who hasn't been thinking about quitting smoking to encourage her to set a...
Endurance walking test distances improved significantly for COPD patients
...l smokers develop COPD as a result of irritants in tobacco
that cause inflammation of the alveoli. During the exercise test, the gas mixtures were administered through face masks with a special valve for the incoming gas. An investigator carried a gas cylinder with the mixture while walking beside the patien...
Newsbriefs from the journal Chest, April 2006
...ations were scaled based on participants' personal tobacco
history. After the treatment phase, 17 percent and...e number of nicotine medications based on reported tobacco
use did not increase frequency or intensity of adverse events. Researchers conclude that a combinati...
Infant snoring linked to parental snoring
...ring, atopic status, and exposure to environmental tobacco
smoke (ETS). Parents also completed a questionnaire pertaining both to their snoring and snoring in their child. Habitual snoring was reported in 15 percent of children, and atopy was seen in 29 percent of children. Among parents, habitual snoring w...
Assessment model gauges lung cancer risk based on medical history and genetics
...ocytes drawn into a test-tube repair damage from a tobacco
carcinogen. In the future, more cost effective and simpler laboratory analyses need to be developed to represent the activity of genes involved in the repair processes. Using the model, they have found, for example, that: Heavy smokers who have a p...
What is pharmacology's place in finding alternatives to alcohol?
...onsulting UK Harm reduction lessons learned from tobacco
control, by Marcus R Munaf, University of Bristol,...dwide that some believe may have already overtaken tobacco
in terms of overall health and social care costs because of the consequences of intoxication, such a...
Depressed monkeys may help scientists understand human depression
...missions, nor have they taken analgesics, alcohol, tobacco
or illegal drugs, Shively said. Monkey models can be used to develop new treatments and test their effectiveness, Shively said, through observing their behavior and using brain scans to reveal if treatments or medications are actually working. "Anot...
Editorial: Researchers and parents should view media as a public health issue
...tant to child health, including violence, obesity, tobacco
and alcohol use and risky sexual behaviors," write associate editor Dimitri A. Christakis, M.D., M.P.H., and Frederick J. Zimmerman, Ph.D., University of Washington, Seattle, in the editorial. However, those who focus on only the dangers of children'...
Awareness, analysis of tobacco advertising may go long way (baby) to prevent teen smoking
...prevent teen smoking. The study suggests that such tobacco
control programs could be far more effective if th...ows such promise as a component of a comprehensive tobacco
intervention program," Dr. Primack said. "Our ability to measure that awareness, using the scale we ...
Differences in pregnancy risks and outcomes among immigrant groups to the US
...tarted, and heath-related characteristics, such as tobacco
and alcohol use during pregnancy, complications du...ase in early prenatal care but also an increase in tobacco
and alcohol exposure. The lower risk for low birth weight babies born to foreign-born Mexican mothe...
Genes and environment interact to promote cancer
... percent increased risk for bladder cancer. Adding tobacco
smoke to the effects of this allele may increase one's risk to 300 percent, said Schildkraut, but the data sometimes conflict. "Ultimately, the knowledge we gain about gene-environment interaction will lead to new drugs and therapies to prevent or tr...
Smokers, drinkers and men appear to develop colorectal cancer at earlier ages
Alcohol use, tobacco
use and male gender are associated with an earlier...o assess whether certain risk factors, alcohol and tobacco
use, should also be considered in screening decisions. They analyzed the relationship between use o...
UC Berkeley study finds in utero arsenic exposure tied to lung disease and cancer in adults
...the rates among young adults exposed to secondhand tobacco
smoke as children. Only active smoking itself results in lung cancer rates higher than the seven-fold increase found in his study, Smith says....
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