Tag: "transmission" at medical news
Transplanting organs from animals to humans -- what are the barriers?
...m one species to another. "Whether the risk of transmission
of these pathogens will increase with xenotransplantation is not yet known," says the author. "But the risk can be anticipated, and thus prepared for. A long-term careful follow-up of transplanted patients will be required to monitor for infection by...
Patient adherence for successful tuberculosis treatment
... serious relapse, which opens the way to a rise in transmission
events and the emergence of bacteria resistant to the prescribed antibiotics. Starting from the principle that tuberculosis control must involve the identification of the obstacles to full comprehensive access to treatment, IRD researchers and thei...
Rapid response was crucial to containing the 1918 flu pandemic
...ctions on social gatherings where person-to-person transmission
can occur. The first of the two historical studies...that while interventions effectively mitigated the transmission
of influenza virus in 1918, a critical factor in how much death rates were reduced was how soon the ...
The plague as a weapon?
...ve review of the genetic makeup of the plague, its transmission
vectors, and potential use as a biological weapon. They also look at a number of historical outbreaks of the disease, including the Black Death. Plague is caused by the bacterium Yersinia Pestis, which multiplies in the gut fleas which have fed on ...
Drug used to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child damages DNA
from mother to child can occur in utero, during la...riptase inhibitor (NRTI), have reduced the rate of transmission
from mother to child to less than 2 percent in infants who are not breast fed. NRTIs work by inhib...
Bovine tuberculosis could spread by human-human contact
...the probable source of infection. Person-to-person transmission
is very rare. Jason Evans from the West Midlands...asteurised milk), suggesting that person-to-person transmission
had occurred. The cases came to the attention of Health professionals through a combination of ep...
Rhode Island Hospital study identifies high-risk patient populations for MRSA carriage
...ake several days. Delayed results can lead to MRSA transmission
since potential MRSA carriers are often not isolated from patients without MRSA until these results are available. ...
1 in 3 HIV positive gay men report unprotected sex
...sis and curb risk behaviours that encourage onward transmission
of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections....
Resistant HIV quickly hides in infants' cells
... Diseases, now available online. Mother-to-child transmission
of HIV is an important factor in the AIDS pandemic...hough important strides have been made in limiting transmission
with antiviral drug therapies before, during, and following birth. In the last few decades the rate...
HPV infection linked to throat cancers
...on, the investigators say, although mouth-to-mouth transmission
remains possible and was not ruled out by the current study. HPVs also can be transmitted by skin contact and are found in the mucus of the genital tract, and in saliva, urine, and semen. Both men and women contract the ubiquitous virus in equal...
Decorated professor adds Farfel Award to his long list of honors
...e believes is most gratifying about teaching "the transmission
of knowledge, the creation of new knowledge, and professional, community and academic service both inside and outside a university." He enjoys motivating students to think outside the box, provoking them to think in fresh ways about turbulence. ...
The quest for an effective HIV vaccine presents new possibilities, challenges
...tionally, T-cell vaccines may reduce secondary HIV transmission
if they can help the immune system keep viral replication at a very low level for a long time. Studies have suggested that people with high levels of virus--namely those in the early and late stages of infection--are most likely to infect their sexua...
US soldiers in Iraq fighting drug-resistant bacteria after injuries
...er growing body of evidence implicating nosocomial transmission
as the cause of the ongoing military outbreak." Because of this and similar research, an increased emphasis on infection control has been put in place in the US militarys combat hospitals....
Blood transfusions from precancerous blood donors do not increase risk of cancer
...ns have been relatively easy to identify, possible transmission
of chronic diseases with unknown causes and long induction or latency periods has been far more difficult to address." They conclude: "Our data provide no evidence that blood transfusions from precancerous blood donors are associated with increased...
SCAI highlights study using wireless technology to speed care of heart attack patients
...es the phone number of the paramedic who initiated transmission
of the electrocardiogram, so the cardiologist can immediately be in contact with the ambulance crew. Patients who are clearly having a heart attack are whisked directly to the cath lab. Using the wireless system, cardiologists are now notified an a...
Soldiers acquired drug-resistant infections in field hospitals
...environmental contamination of field hospitals and transmission
within health care facilities played a major role ...ies in the U.S. has greatly limited the nosocomial transmission
within military hospitals in the U.S.," Dr. Murray said....
Diagnostic tests for malaria underused in Zambia
...do not have malaria, especially in low to moderate transmission
zones, emphasizes the need to educate health center staff on the rational use of artemisinin-based combination therapy, which will require strengthening the availability of malaria diagnostics and enhancing quality control measures so that health car...
Circumcision reduces HIV infection risk
... Late breaking news on circumcision and HIV transmission
will be presented to AnnualMeeting attendees durin...focused on circumcisions preventive effects on HIV transmission
in heterosexual men. Findings from these studies were published in the February 24 issue of The Lanc...
Hepatitis B patients' understanding of infection and treatment deficient
...ate our patients more about risk factors, modes of transmission
and expectations regarding antiviral therapy, said Dr. Steven-Huy Han, associate clinical professor of medicine and surgery in the division of digestive diseases at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and a consultant for both Idenix and Nova...
UCLA pediatrician honored with prestigious achievement award
... conditions known as kwashiorkor and marasmus, and transmission
of HIV infection through breast milk. In the e... of AIDS in children and in efforts to prevent the transmission
of HIV from infected mothers to fetuses. He also played an instrumental role in the Elizabeth Glaser...
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