Tag: "transmission" at medical news

Novartis MS drug shows promising results

...te or incomplete remission in function. Over time, transmission of electrical nerve impulses is disrupted, nerve cells are destroyed, and patients experience symptoms ranging from fatigue, tingling, numbness and blurred vision to poor muscle control with partial or complete paralysis, speech or mental impairment....

Synthetic protein eases arthritis symptoms in mice

...assembly of a cell surface receptor, thus blocking transmission of chemical signals that lead to arthritis symptoms. "This study opens a new research avenue to better understand and, perhaps, to treat rheumatoid arthritis, a condition that causes suffering in more than two million Americans," says NIAID Director...

Research Australia unveils top 12 issues threatening our children's health

...ccine coverage needs to exceed 90% to stop ongoing transmission of diseases but only 84% of six year olds were fully immunised in 2004. As we develop more and more effective vaccines, the challenge is how to give them all and, with many diseases now disappearing, how to ensure parents stay committed to immunisati...

Penn study finds direct role for glial cells in brain cross-talk

... space called the synapse. This process results in transmission of a nerve impulse. Historically, the glial cell o...In contrast, low levels of adenosine increased the transmission of nerve impulses. The modulation of neuronal activity through the regulation of the level of adeno...

Acellular pertussis vaccine proves effective in adults, adolescents

...ditional benefit of the vaccine may be to decrease transmission of the B. pertussis bacterium to infants, who are ...efit that it may help to put up a roadblock in the transmission of the disease, so that parents, grandparents and other adults are not unknowingly passing the disea...

BCG vaccine effect against tuberculosis infection and disease

...ng furthers our understanding of the biology of TB transmission and has important implications for the development of new TB vaccines. Dr Lalvani states: "Contrary to prevailing theory that BCG vaccination protects only against tuberculosis disease, our results suggest that the vaccine also protects against tuber...

Cervical cancer has profound psychosocial impact on affected women, as well as male partners

...he treatment team, prognosis, treatment issues and transmission concerns in addition to altered sexual functioning. As a result of the study, oncology clinicians are reminded to include both the affected woman and her partner, if both wish, in treatment-related discussions and psychosocial support. According to...

In a crisis, creating DNA vaccine could help save lives, slow spread of 'bird flu'

...ds. There are no confirmed cases of human-to-human transmission of this flu, but that could change as the virus continues to mutate, Dunnill says. If that occurs, current production facilities are unlikely to meet global demands for conventional vaccines in time to avert a pandemic, Dunnill says. But it might be ...

International conference on AIDS India presents lifetime achievement award

...new, safe and accessible methods of preventing the transmission of HIV/AIDS and of other sexually transmitted diseases by means of microbicides, which would be suitable for use in developing countries....

PLoS Medicine publishes first trial of effect of male circumcision on HIV infection

...sion, or whether it may also reduce male to female transmission or male to male transmission. In addition, it will be important to determine the mechanism by which circumcision exerts its apparent protective effect. Three articles published in PLoS Medicine alongside the trial discuss some of these issues fu...

Preventing pneumonia in children helps prevent pneumonia in older adults

...e. Use of PCV-7 in children can affect pneumonia transmission in the community. Pneumonia causes substantial il...ere likely occurred because of decreased community transmission of vaccine-type pneumococci from young children, many of whom have received PCV-7. Studies of pneumo...

Gene for B-cell development factor might be involved in multiple sclerosis

...a Transmission Disequilibrium Test: a study of the transmission rate of the allele in 53 patients and their parents, which showed that the allele was more likely to be present in both patients and their parents than other alleles. MS is one of the most common neurological diseases in the Western world. It has tr...

Asian immigrants in NYC not receiving HIV education at religious institutions

...ns need to take the lead to change that to prevent transmission in their communities, and assist those who are alr...h consequences of not understanding how to prevent transmission of the virus."...

Volunteers sought for avian flu vaccine study

... to a small number ofcases in which human-to-human transmission is believed to have occurred.Identified as H5N1, the strain of the influenza virus has shown a highmortality rate - approximately 72 percent - with many fatalities amongpreviously healthy young people. The vaccine researchers are testing was made by...

Studies clarify risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus

...feeding does not raise the risk of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV), according to two new s...inary data from smaller studies of mother-to-child transmission of HCV. The larger of the two studies, conducted by the European Paediatric Hepatitis C Virus Netwo...

Combination microbicides protect monkeys against HIV-like virus

...a safe, effective and practical way to prevent HIV transmission to women, according to study investigators. The st...ces that could be applied topically to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. At least five different candidate microbicides cur...

HIV-positive patients have shorter survival periods while awaiting liver transplants

...positive. Although there is some concern about HIV transmission during a transplant procedure, the author states t...t the risk is actually much lower than the risk of transmission of Hepatitis C virus through a needle-stick. He concludes that "synchronized multi-special care alon...

Scientists show how thinking can harm brain cells

... to lower the production of glutamate or block its transmission to reduce excitotoxic injury. "But just blocking glutamate doesn't seem to work efficiently in neurodegenerative diseases with inflammation," said Gelbard. "We reconsidered how excitotoxicity actually damages the nervous system in a functional way." ...

Joint statement on Savvy Phase 3 trial in Ghana to test the effectiveness of Savvy Gel in preventing HIV

...ed Savvy is effective in preventing male-to-female transmission of HIV among women at high risk of infection in West Africa. Other organizations are conducting trials in the United States to determine if Savvy is effective as a contraceptive. Family Health International and Cellegy Pharmaceuticals announced toda...

McMaster virologist develops avian flu test

... the H5N1 virus that are capable of human-to-human transmission or that develop Tamiflu resistance....

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