Tag: "transmission" at medical news
$5.4 million grant to Yale EPH to study parasitic disease spread by female sand flies
...udy will identify factors that are responsible for transmission
as well as the most efficacious measures for vector control and for reducing the risk of parasitic infection. The third project in the program will determine the immunologic mechanisms that can lead to human susceptibility of the lesion development ...
Call not to use certain type of anti-viral drugs for influenza a virus for 2006 flu season
...ce of continued surveillance for the emergence and transmission
of influenza viruses resistant to antiviral drugs. They serve as a warning to the medical community of the speed at which resistant influenza viruses can become predominant circulating strains and spread throughout a continent," the authors conclude...
Any national childhood flu-vaccine program should include evaluation component
... to be the most important source of community-wide transmission
of the influenza virus, and so vaccinating them, write Halloran and Longini, would be the "most efficient approach to reduce overall influenza cases."A large-scale vaccination program also would provide the incentive for vaccine manufacturers to incr...
New faster screening test for MRSA
...ts carrying MRSA and could be used to help prevent transmission
of the bacteria in hospitals. A study published to... time unnecessarily in isolation wards and reduced transmission
rates in one of the two intensive care units (ICUs) studied. Stephan Harbarth and colleagues from Ge...
JRRD special issue on hearing and hearing loss
...ated in this article. Results suggest that certain transmission
technologies create more interference than others and hearing aid wearers' use of microphone or telecoil coupling may influence their susceptibility to experiencing cell phone interference. Data also suggest that interference alone does not fully pre...
Disposable catheter breakthrough, a world first
...n's Hospital (WCH). "Current catheters rely on the transmission
of pressure via water filled lumina to transducers external to the body. Each lumen is like a garden hose with water running through. If the outlet of the hose is blocked suddenly, the pressure inside will build up and generate a pressure wave back t...
Review shows male circumcision protects female partners from HIV and other STDs
... all men, and whether or not the benefits apply to transmission
from females to males only, or to females from men as well. However, early indications are dramatic and, if proven, one case of HIV disease could be prevented through circumcising anywhere from 15 to 60 males." Male Circumcision and the Risks of Fe...
Anti-HIV drug has potential to prevent transmission in women
...l. Microbicides are designed to prevent the sexual transmission
of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and...and evaluating them for their potential to prevent transmission
of infection is an innovative approach that shows great promise." Published in the Feb. 28 issue of ...
UCSF research pinpoints brain molecule's role in developing addiction
... creates a long-lasting potential for strengthened transmission
between neurons of the LH region and dopamine-releasing neurons in a brain region known as the ventral tegmental area (VTA). This fundamental change in the neurons, called synaptic plasticity, is known to be critical for new learning and memory forma...
MRSA in Sweden: A quarter of cases infected abroad
... This highlights the threat posed by international transmission
of MRSA to countries in which incidence of MRSA infection is still relatively low. Mikael Stenhem, from the Karolinska Institutet in Solna, Sweden, and colleagues from institutions across Sweden collected data on MRSA infections across the country fr...
Seasonal intermittent treatment highly effective for preventing malaria in children under five
...f The Lancet. In certain regions of Africa malaria transmission
is highly seasonal. During a short period of high ...rimethamine) on three occasions during the malaria transmission
season. During 13 weeks' follow-up, the investigators found the intervention led to an 86% reduction...
Porcine islets offer promise for human diabetic patients
...ncerns of the possibility of cross-species disease transmission
as a result of xenotransplantation. "After extensive testing, there was no evidence of transmission
of porcine endogenous retroviruses between the porcine cells and the transplant animals," said Dr. C...
Shift in feeding behavior of mosquitoes sheds light on West Nile virus outbreaks
...osquito populations throughout the West Nile virus transmission
season, the abundance and diversity of bird species at these sites, and tested samples for West Nile virus. Dr. Kilpatrick says, "To find out which species mosquitoes favored as hosts, we collected thousands of Culex pipiens mosquitoes and selecte...
Einstein scientists discover cause and possible treatments for hereditary movement disorder
...ic ataxia type-2 was thought to be due to impaired transmission
of neurotransmitters, but the Einstein scientists suspected that something else was going on. They studied specialized cells in the brain's cerebellum called Purkinje cells,which are rich in calcium channels. Purkinje cells help coordinate movement b...
Study: Local TV news covers health a lot, but not always well
...ive, and its potential effect on preventing sexual transmission
of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Despite the fact that the study was done in a research lab, nearly all the stories failed to mention that it had not involved humans. Even more alarming, one of the stations misinterpreted the study altogether and ...
National Academies news: Polio antivirals should be developed
...hree years after the detection of the last case of transmission
of wild polio virus. This is because the vaccine contains live, weakened polio viruses that can spread and revert to virulence in populations that have not been immunized. Under this plan, an antiviral drug could be useful to control any polio outb...
ECG transmission from ambulance cuts time to direct clot removal
...services. "We found that the pre-hospital wireless transmission
of an ECG directly to a cardiologist's hand-device..., and 24 ambulance patients where the wireless ECG transmission
was successful, and 19 patients for whom the wireless transmission
was unsuccessful. "The median 'do...
Access to antiretrovirals unlikely to reduce HIV infection rates
... is likely to increase HIV/AIDS prevalence. Sexual transmission
of HIV is more likely if the HIV-positive partner ...revent many new infections. It could even increase transmission
of the virus as patients live longer and are healthier. Counseling patients and the rest of society ...
Elephantiasis close to elimination in Egypt
...stigators found that all measures of infection and transmission
fell sharply in both study areas after MDA. Dr Weil states: "These villages seem to be on track to achieve filariasis elimination after five or six yearly rounds of MDA. If these sentinel villages are typical of communities included in the national ...
Global program to eliminate elephantiasis has early success in Egypt
...tion sharply declined in Egypt. "The parasite's transmission
efficiency is low, so the thinking is that once we get human infection rates below a critical level, remaining infections will die out without further intervention," says senior author Gary Weil, M.D., professor of medicine and of molecular microbiol...
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