Tag: "transmission" at medical news
Study indicates human susceptibility for variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease transmission
...Neurology, all individuals could be susceptible to transmission
of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) throug...K, led by Professor Jean Manson, have analysed the transmission
of BSE and vCJD in four lines of genetically altered (transgenic) mice after they were injected with...
Researchers identify potential targets for new pain therapies
... we've been able to determine that Kv4.2 decreases transmission
through the pain pathway. It helps regulate the ab...are less active, and they can't interfere with the transmission
of pain signals to the brain. The researchers tested the role of Kv4.2 in damping down the pain resp...
Congenital rubella syndrome nearly eradicated in the US
... introduced in the 1970s has helped in eliminating transmission
of rubella from expectant mothers to their unborn babies. "Effectively, congenital rubella syndrome has been nearly eradicated from the United States," according to the statement. There were fewer than 10 cases or rubella reported in the U.S. last y...
Representation from 41 countries confirmed for the Lancet Asia Medical Forum on Pandemic Influenza
...erminants of influenza host range and interspecies transmission
Clinical manifestations of the H5N1 virus Development of vaccines against pandemic influenza WHO pandemic preparedness planning Identifying the gaps in pandemic preparation John McConnell, Editor of The Lancet Infectious Diseases, states: ...
National report identifies Regenstrief Institute as health care information leader
...000 observation terms) that enables the electronic transmission
of clinical data from laboratories to hospitals, physicians' offices and payers for clinical care and management purposes. Regenstrief informatics studies have been published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of the American Medical As...
Treating populations infected with HIV and latent TB could speed the emergence of drug-resistant TB
...isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) programs on the transmission
dynamics of drug-resistant TB in areas where community-wide preventive therapy may be used as a strategy to control TB. They concluded that the implementation of IPT targeted to people co-infected with HIV and TB may also have the perverse effect of ...
Seven UK cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease associated with transplanted human tissue
...tween 1970 and 2003 were the result of inadvertent transmission
via transplanted human dura mater. Dura mater is t...such case in the world. The authors emphasise that transmission
of CJD though the use of transplanted human dura mater is rare. Only 164 such cases have been identi...
Rutgers College of Nursing Professor premieres video to reduce HIV risk
...s for Disease Control and Prevention, heterosexual transmission
accounts for 79 percent of HIV infection in women. Although African-American and Latina women together represent about 25 percent of all women in the United States, they account for 83 percent of AIDS diagnosis reported in 2003. "HIV/AIDS among wome...
Maternal difficulties may increase risk of behavior problems in children
...e potential to help disrupt this intergenerational transmission
of poor health."...
Launch of the Lancet Asia Medical Forum
...erminants of influenza host range and interspecies transmission
Clinical manifestations of the H5N1 virus Development of vaccines against pandemic influenza Identifying the gaps in pandemic preparation John McConnell, Editor of The Lancet Infectious Diseases, states: "The gathering of distinguished speakers ...
International study investigates early biology of HIV infection
...ion remains elusive. "Until we know more about the transmission
of HIV and early immune response, how the human bo...ohen said. "Even more troubling, only a handful of transmission
pairs have been reported. CHAVI has the resources to find them in substantial numbers." Accordin...
12-Qubits reached in quantum information quest
...'s theories governing the calculation, storage and transmission
of information are at a crossroads. As wires and logic gates become ever smaller, quirky quantum phenomena in the tiny world of atoms take over and impede the efficient flow of information. Select groups of international theorists and experimentali...
Despite laws, many pregnant women lack HIV testing
...rking in Florida: the state reported one perinatal transmission
for the fiscal year ending June 2005....
M. D. Anderson: Setting the benchmark in brain tumor treatment
...brain, which serves to insulate and facilitate the transmission
of nerve impulses. Patients often become slow and unmotivated. They may have trouble concentrating and remembering, become forgetful and distracted and experience personality changes and mood swings. These effects may be long-lasting and progressive....
High hepatitis B infection rate found among NYC's Asian American community
...epatitis B," he says. Over the last 15 years, the transmission
of hepatitis B from mothers to newborns in the United States has been drastically reduced with the help of neonatal screening and vaccination. In China, prophylaxis efforts have only just begun, due to a lack of resources across the country. China ha...
Tunnell Consulting awarded contract to fight avian flu
... human-to-human transmission. Such sustained human transmission
has not occurred anywhere globally that has been identified. However, the threat is real since humans have no natural immunity to the H5N1 virus. Under the contract, Tunnell Consulting, which is headquartered in King of Prussia PA, will provide exper...
Organ-recipients' deaths prompt call for suppliers of pet rodents to screen for LCMV disease
...ction posed to pet owners and decrease the risk of transmission
from transplanted organs. Such screening seems justified, the paper continues, given the serious nature of LCMV disease and the particular risk to fetuses: LCMV infection in pregnant women is an increasingly recognized cause of the birth defects hydr...
Deaths from rodent virus raise need for tracking system
... of the New England Organ Bank, says, "Because the transmission
of LCMV through transplants is extremely rare, own...rgan donation. However, in cases where the disease transmission
by an organ transplant is suspected, tests must be performed to determine whether LCMV has been tran...
How to cut energy waste in China, India, Brazil said crucial to forestalling climate change
...nsified efforts to modernize power plants, improve transmission
and distribution efficiency, and adopt more efficient generation technologies. The soaring power demand will necessitate tripling installed generation capacity from 101,000 to 292,000 MW over the next two decades, much of it derived from poor quality...
Knowledge of infection may prevent spread of herpes virus
...hat knowledge of infection would lead to decreased transmission
of herpes simplex virus (HSV) to others. But Anna...g disclosure may result in decreased risk of HSV-2 transmission
to sexual partners." The importance of this finding is described by editorialists Edward Hook III, M...
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