Tag: "transmission" at medical news
Prevention programs for young rural teens can reduce methamphetamine abuse years later
...isky sexual behaviors, which increase the risk for transmission
of infectious diseases, including HIV," Dr. Volkow adds. "It is increasingly important that young people "learn the link" between drug abuse and HIV/AIDS." Learn the Link is the focus of NIDA's current public service campaign, designed especially for...
SARS: No evidence that any of the treatments worked
... Caption: SARS coronavirus - A negative contrast transmission
electron microscopy image of SARS coronavirus. Credit: Charles D. Humphrey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA CONTACT: Lauren Stockman Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases 1600 Clifton...
Violence in the home leads to higher rates of childhood bullying
...n over time and the power of the intergenerational transmission
of violence. "We know that bullying leads to further antisocial behavior and this study shows how family violence leads to bullying. When intimate partner violence happens we can work with parents to show them how it can impact their children," he ...
Transfusion-free surgical program reduced use of blood products for all liver transplant patients
...tion primarily because of the concerns surrounding transmission
of diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus, ...some of the complications of transfusions, such as transmission
of unknown pathogens, and also helps to preserve blood bank resources, which consequently reduces th...
Blood transfusion-transmitted infections: A global perspective
...e donors; thereby increasing the risk of infection transmission
by transfusion. "The possible additional safety ...omes of these debates it is clear that the risk of transmission
is not static. As new agents continue to emerge, old ones change their properties and epidemiologic ...
Criminalizing HIV transmission is a threat to public health, say experts
...w guidance on criminal prosecution for the "sexual transmission
of infections which cause grievous bodily harm." I..., in the case of criminal prosecution for reckless transmission
of HIV, the public interest is not best served by pursuing justice against the few at the expense of...
Common cold may be just a fingertip away due to environmental contamination
...3 percent (10 of 30 touches), (p =0.07). Although transmission
of rhinovirus infection by way of surfaces may not be efficient, it may be important because virus remains available for transfer to fingertip for at least one day. There are no antiviral drugs available to cure the common cold. Therefore prevention ...
Almost half of men who pay for sex already have a partner
...r sex locally. Unprotected oral sex can facilitate transmission
of infection, the authors point out. Although none had HIV infection, one in five had a sexually transmitted infection, including gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, and syphilis. The authors suggest that the figures may be an underestimate of actual behavio...
Study recommends strategies for distributing flu vaccine during shortage
...lumbia. While other mathematical models of disease transmission
assume all members of a community are equally likely to infect each other, contact network models take the relationships among people into account. Meyers says this allowed them to make more detailed and reliable predictions about infectious disease...
Transmission of antibiotic-resistant bacteria linked to previous intensive care unit room occupants
...esign or poor placement of hand hygiene equipment, transmission
may be more directly linked to a prior occupant wh...es, indicating that such guidelines do not prevent transmission
of disease-causing bacteria. However, the low overall risk among patients exposed to the bacteria "...
New mechanism underlying pain found
... channels," which initiate a constant and rhythmic transmission
of pain signals to the brain, rhythmically similar... of these pacemaker ion channels and the resulting transmission
of pain signals to the brain. We are encouraged by early evaluations of certain chemical structures ...
Individualized strategies needed for prevention of malaria in long-term travelers
... recommendations is the growth in the intensity of transmission
and resistance patterns of the malaria parasites, the seasonality of transmission, and the wide range of international guidelines and travelers' beliefs and expectations. Lin H. Chen, M.D., of Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, Mass., and colleagues ...
To slow AIDS in Russia, treat HIV-positive addicts, Stanford study says
...rug users with antiretroviral medication will slow transmission
of the virus among the general population. The st...rstand how antiretroviral therapy could affect HIV transmission
in Russia, Owens and Brandeau, along with doctoral student Elisa Long, created a computer model of t...
Maximizing womens' health benefits when resources are limited
...ng among different parts of the population. Sexual transmission
seems to be on the rise, suggesting that the epidemic could rapidly spread from high-risk groups like drug users to the general population. HIV/AIDS education and prevention efforts in the general population are therefore urgently needed. It is likel...
Inexpensive test detects H5N1 infections quickly and accurately
...donesian family in which human-to-human H5N1 virus transmission
was suspected. The virus diversity in the samples is important, explains Dr. Rowlen, because any diagnostic tool designed for eventual use on a rapidly changing virus, such as H5N1, must be able to detect as many variants as possible. Dr. Rowlen and...
'GreeneChip' -- New diagnostic tool that rapidly and accurately identifies multiple pathogens
...al to curb contagion. In contrast, human-to-human transmission
is not a primary concern with malaria and early, specific therapy can have a profound effect on illness and death. The GreeneChip provides unprecedented opportunities for unbiased pathogen discovery and reduction of illness and death caused by infec...
Hormonal contraception does not appear to increase HIV risk
... Abstinence is the only sure way to prevent sexual transmission
of HIV, he said. Barring abstinence, use of a latex condom, consistently and correctly, is highly effective against HIV infection. More than 100 million women around the world use hormonal contraception, the study authors wrote. In all, 18 millio...
The UK's third case of vCJD associated with blood transfusion
...ts that blood transfusion is an efficient route of transmission
for vCJD. In 2004 two transfusion-associated cas...derably strengthens the inference that transfusion transmission
is possible, and suggests that the causative prion can be efficiently transmitted via this route."...
Malaria may fuel spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa
...onsiderably to the spread of HIV by increasing HIV transmission
probability per sexual act," said Abu-Raddad, an H...ublic health, Kublin said. "We can reduce HIV/AIDS transmission
by concomitantly treating HIV/AIDS co-infections with malaria as well as other diseases," he said. ...
Male circumcision reduces HIV risk, study stopped early
... in the United States or Europe where heterosexual transmission
of HIV is low compared with areas like sub-Saharan...ctive is the use of antiretroviral drugs to reduce transmission
from mother to child. If a significant proportion of men in a population get circumcised, it will ...
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