Tag: "trimester" at medical news

Exposure to mercury preservatives before birth is no higher in children with autism

...ed with Rh immune globulin (RhIg) during the third trimester to prevent hemolytic disease, in which the mother's immune system attacks fetal blood cells. Like many vaccines, RhIg manufactured in the U.S. contained thimerosal prior to 2001. Since young fetal brains are more susceptible to neurotoxic effects, re...

Breastfeeding and good fats help new moms fight depression

...es. These levels dramatically increase in the last trimester of pregnancy and continue to elevate during the postpartum period. Moreover, common experiences of new motherhood, such as sleep disturbance, postpartum pain, and past or current psychological trauma, act as stressors that cause proinflammatory cytok...

New data supports a non-invasive approach to routine prenatal genetic testing

... rule out genetic defects -- as early as the first trimester -- was presented today at the 27th Annual Meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine being held in San Francisco. This future diagnostic technology, currently under development at Sequenom, Inc. (Nasdaq: SQNM), shows promise that a universal ...

Study tests oral insulin to prevent type 1 diabetes

...1 diabetes, and pregnant mothers in their third trimester whose babies are at risk for type 1 diabetes, either because the mother has type 1 diabetes herself or other immediate relatives have the disease. About 5 to 10 percent of the nearly 21 million people with diabetes have type 1, formerly known as j...

Underweight women at greater risk of miscarriage

... UK whose most recent pregnancy had ended in first trimester miscarriage (less than 13 weeks gestation) and 6,116 women whose most recent pregnancy had progressed beyond 12 weeks. The women were asked about socio-demographic, behavioural and other factors in their most recent pregnancy. The findings confirmed ...

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and congenital anomalies

...o better understand the relationship between first trimester use of NSAIDs and congenital birth defects, resear...filled prescriptions for NSAIDs during their first trimester and which had babies diagnosed with a congenital abnormality in the first year of life. Based on inf...

Coordination of primary health care and hospital care reduces readmission in COPD

...gramme promoted by Hospital Clnic during the first trimester of 2006 aimed to patients with COPD and cardiac insufficiency. Patients included in this programme evolved from a 9-day admission to a 2-day admission. This programme, which emphasizes specialised nursing and medical cooperation, was initially suppor...

New insights into the impact of pregnancy on inflammatory arthritis

... evaluated for changes in disease activity in each trimester and 3 to 4 months after giving birth. During pregnancy, 21 of the 25 women 79 percent of the RA patients and 100 percent of the JIA patients experienced improvement or remission of inflammatory arthritis symptoms. Among these women, 62 percen...

Pre-scan warnings would have caused extra distress say women with problem fetuses

... after anomalies were detected during their second trimester scan. The aim of the study was to discover how pre...e professionals to make the objectives of a second trimester scan for anomalies very clear to women. This includes providing them with details of the anomalies t...

First trimester use of ACE inhibitors implicated in birth defects

...se mothers take these medications during the first trimester of pregnancy. The study, led by William Cooper, M....nzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) during the first trimester of pregnancy had an increased risk of major birth defects, compared with infants whose mothers did n...

Early estrogen exposure leads to later prostate cancer risk

...ental period corresponding to the second and third trimester of human pregnancy. They found that this early exposure predisposed male rats to precancerous lesions of the prostate in old age. "Most remarkably, early BPA exposure sensitized the prostate to precancerous lesions brought on by exposure of the adult...

Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute new study on pregnant women & iron

...desirable levels, so that by the end of the second trimester of pregnancy, 27 percent of the non-anemic women in our study had hemoglobin levels that were undesirably high," said Fernando Viteri, MD, Scientist at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI). "In these women, the risk of delivering p...

Despite laws, many pregnant women lack HIV testing

...nancy, about 20 percent of women reach their third trimester without it, according to a review of Florida women...ng women be offered testing in the first and third trimester and rapid testing if they lacked proof of HIV status in labor and delivery, Dr. Helfgott says. Since...

Prenatal alcohol exposure can alter circadian rhythms in offspring

...sure during a period equivalent to the third human trimester influences the ability to synchronize circadian rh...sure during a period equivalent to the third human trimester influences the ability to synchronize circadian rhythms to light cues. "Human infants with FASD ma...

JCI Table of Contents, April 3, 2006

...uards for female sexual development In the first trimester of human fetal development, the male and female ex...rs found that individual adrenal glands from first trimester fetuses were able to produce several different androgens, including testosterone, and that this andr...

Daughters of Indian immigrants continue trend of giving birth to small babies

...r to have initiated prenatal care during the first trimester of their pregnancy. In contrast, newborns of Indian immigrants, most of whom have completed college and begun prenatal care early, are more likely to deliver a low birth weight infant. Madan, associate professor of pediatrics at the medical school, a...

Vitamin C and E supplements do not prevent pre-eclampsia in pregnant women at risk

...f vitamin E and half placebo daily from the second trimester of pregnancy until delivery. They found that the incidence of pre-eclampsia was similar in both groups (15% vs 16%). The investigators also found that more low birthweight babies were born to women who took the supplements when compared with those on...

Commonly used drug may prevent fetal alcohol syndrome

...brain development in human babies during the third trimester of pregnancy). They found that this single exposure to alcohol (the levels were comparable to those of a human fetus after one-time excessive drinking by the pregnant mother) caused the death of brain cells in the mouse pups, as well as a range of be...

International Journal of Epidemiology obesity special

...icularly the girls. Maternal smoking in the third trimester of pregnancy was more strongly associated with child overweight than maternal smoking in the first trimester. Dr Chen said: "Lower birth weight among infants of prenatal smokers results in greater post-natal catch-up growth which is associated with i...

Chemical used in food containers disrupts brain development

...eriod in their development equivalent to the third trimester of human fetal development through to the first few years of childhood. Although best known for its function as a female sex hormone, Dr. Belcher explained, estrogen also has very important roles in the developing brain of both males and females. In...

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