Tag: "tuberculosis" at medical news
Researchers suggest TB screening for all international adoptees
...ren under five years of age who were found to have tuberculosis
were international adoptees. Most international ...frequently come from resource-poor countries where tuberculosis
is common and prenatal screening for infectious diseases is rare, says Richard Long, MD, professor i...
Decision aid for diabetes
... R, Nishioka SdA, et al. (2007) Development of new tuberculosis
vaccines: A global perspective on regulatory issues. PLoS Med 4(8): e252. IN YOUR ARTICLE, PLEASE LINK TO THIS URL, WHICH WILL PROVIDE ACCESS TO THE PUBLISHED PAPER:: http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journa...
Medical residents score poorly in diagnosing and managing tuberculosis
When quizzed about their knowledge in diagnosing tuberculosis
and deciding on the best treatment, medical reside... assume that lack of comprehensive knowledge about tuberculosis
leads to poor patient care, says lead study author Petros Karakousis, M.D. Medical residents may be...
Medical residents unclear about TB guidelines
...ents are not proficient at diagnosing and managing tuberculosis
(TB), according to a report published in the onlin...fectious disease. We cannot be sure that lack of tuberculosis
knowledge leads to poor management of patients, says Karakousis. Although trainees may score poorly,...
Trials underway for 'essential' new TB vaccine
...esistant strains. TB, which is caused by the M. tuberculosis
bacterium, is thought to kill two million people e...ive populations in Southern Africa, of a strain of tuberculosis
resistant to virtually all known drugs against TB. To have a new tool for preventing TB would be a g...
Treatment outcomes of patients with HIV and tuberculosis
...ective study of 700 patients with culture-positive tuberculosis
(TB), relapse rates were found to be significantly...eatment was associated with a faster Mycobacterium tuberculosis
negative culture conversion, and an improved survival rate. Prior studies by others have shown HAART...
Extremely drug resistant TB a growing problem in India
...-TB (multi-drug resistant TB) describes strains of tuberculosis
that are resistant to at least the two first-line TB drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin. XDR-TB is MDR-TB that is also resistant to three or more of the six classes of second-line drugs. XDR-TB leaves patients (including many people living with HIV) vir...
Epidemiology of TB: Updates from CDC studies to be presented at ATS 2007
...ntion (CDC) studies looking at the epidemiology of tuberculosis
(TB) in the United States will be presented at the...ion will look at the issue of the excess burden of tuberculosis
among African Americans in eight southeastern states. Rachel Royce, PhD, MPH, from RTI International...
Vitamin D supplements may offer cheap and effective immune system boost against TB
...enough to boost the immune system to fight against tuberculosis
(TB) and similar bacteria for at least 6 weeks. Their findings came from a study that identified an extraordinarily high incidence of vitamin D deficiency amongst those communities in London most at risk from the disease, which kills around two milli...
Kenya moves toward national food and nutrition policy
...ionship of nutrition and diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis
and HIV/AIDS. "Many countries throughout the world were originally spurred to build national food and nutrition policies because of a call-to-action at the 1992 World Food Summit in Rome," says Gleason, who is also co-chair of the United Nations St...
Bovine tuberculosis could spread by human-human contact
The source of a cluster of six cases of tuberculosis
in central England in 2005 originated from one per...sure to bovine TB, strongly suggesting that bovine tuberculosis
can be spread by human to human contact, conclude authors of research published in this weeks issue ...
Patient adherence for successful tuberculosis treatment
Nearly 2 million people die from tuberculosis
each year, mainly in the poorest countries. The pa...ce of multi-resistant strains, has led WHO to make tuberculosis
control one of the worlds main health priorities. The existing treatment, which combines several an...
Smoking may be a risk factor for tuberculosis
...ars to increase the risk of becoming infected with tuberculosis
and the risk for the development of active disease...opulation is infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis
(TB), but the organism is usually rendered inactive by the immune system, according to background in...
Smoking increases risk of TB infection, says new study
...moke have a greater risk of becoming infected with tuberculosis
(TB) and of having that infection turn into active TB disease, according to an analysis by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. The authors of the study, published in the Feb. 26 issue of the journal Archives of Internal Medicine,...
Opening windows effective way of preventing transmission of TB
... risk of transmission of airborne diseases such as tuberculosis
(TB). The spread of airborne infections in institutional settings such as hospitals, waiting rooms, prisons and homeless shelters is an important public health problem. This is especially true in resource poor settings, where the prevalence of TB i...
African scientists will train at Emory University in latest drug discovery techniques
..." Dr. Liotta says. According to Dr. Liotta, HIV, tuberculosis
(TB) and malaria are among the diseases most affecting Africa's impoverished populations. "One of the issues with TB, for example, is that we know how to control the disease," says Liotta. "We have drugs that are 50 plus years old, and they work, ...
New research may overturn conventional wisdom on drug-resistant tuberculosis
...gests that the majority of cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis
(TB) among patients undergoing treatment for the d...y, studies of the genetic make-up of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
(M. tuberculosis) strains have shown that resistance can also result from re-infection with a new st...
Experts urge strongest isolation for new drug-resistant tuberculosis cases appearing in South Africa
...hly-contagious and drug-resistant mutant strain of tuberculosis
and to prevent "a potentially explosive internatio...er deadly new strain of extensively drug resistant tuberculosis
(XDR-TB) had been detected in Tugela Ferry, a rural town in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) province, epicenter ...
New quartz references for workplace safety
...e development of silicosis, lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis
and other airway diseases. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has estimated that at least 1.7 million U.S. workers are exposed to respirable crystalline silica in a variety of industries and occupations, including const...
Change in guidelines could help eliminate TB in US
To eliminate tuberculosis
(TB) in the United States, current guidelines should be changed to reclassify all foreign-born residents from high-incidence countries as "high-risk," regardless of the amount of time they have lived in the U.S. These findings appear in the first i...
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