Tag: "urban" at medical news
Finding a better way to quiet noisy environments
...als that are moving, such as the sound of bustling urban
traffic coming through a ventilation opening. "We think we've developed a totally new approach that works by generating the 'feedforward' noise cancellation signals and adaptively changing them in the presence of acoustic coupling," de Callafon said....
Seniors' access to dental care found wanting
.... Approximately one-third of respondents lived in urban
areas and two-thirds in rural settings. The median...ondents. Nearly three-fourths -- 71 percent -- of urban
dwellers indicated they had seen a dentist within the past year, compared to 58 percent of rural dwe...
Study warns of growing cardiovascular disease epidemic in China
...ut this is actually the first study to look at the urban
elderly population in a systematic way and to docu...y just took a snapshot of the health of a selected urban
population. He said future studies should follow people in China over time to track metabolic syndro...
Binghamton University research focuses on heart health in rural women
...and messages about healthy habits than suburban or urban
women. "I've seen a lot of the issues firsthand," said Stewart Fahs, who grew up in southeast Kentucky. "I've also seen what socio-cultural aspects of rural living both protect and cause problems for those citizens." The study will involve a total of...
Studies evaluate health effects of dental amalgam in children
...the New England study, which was undertaken in the urban
Boston, Mass. area and rural Farmington, Maine, and the Portuguese study, conducted in Lisbon, Portugal. Each study enrolled over 500 children who had existing untreated decay in permanent posterior, or back, teeth but no previously placed dental am...
LSUHSC public health documents unmet health needs of Katrina-displaced
...21% of care givers answering the same question in urban
Louisiana pre-Katrina. 69% of care givers believed there were people in their current neighborhood who would be a bad influence on their children, compared to 52% of care givers pre-Katrina. Among the conclusions are that four systems are key t...
Rutgers College of Nursing Professor premieres video to reduce HIV risk
...es as an approach to reduce HIV risk behavior. The urban
soap opera type vignettes are based on information gathered and analyzed from focus groups with women in public housing developments and other locations in Newark and Jersey City said Jones, assistant professor at Rutgers College of Nursing. Accordi...
In utero exposure to urban air pollutants can increase risk
...at exposure during pregnancy to combustion-related urban
air pollutants known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were linked to significantly lower scores on mental development tests and more than double the risk of developmental delay at age three. Such delay in cognitive development is indicative...
Cultural approach holds the key to tackling obesity, says Yale research
...d some African nations to more than 75 per cent in urban
Samoa. "Recent data also suggests that 54 per cent of adult Americans are overweight and that women of all cultures are particularly affected. "Key health issues related to obesity include diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol, asthma and som...
School-based quality initiative improves childhood asthma outcomes
... for the concept of school-based health centers in urban
areas and for community partnerships to improve child health, according to researchers from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center involved in the initiative. They will present their study of the project at 3:15 p.m. Pacific time Saturday, Ap...
Prenatal cocaine exposure not linked to bad behavior in kids
...titution studying rural mothers, important because urban
mothers face different obstacles, such as violence, which could potentially affect childhood behavior and rates of maternal depression "The very high rates of clinically important depression in all the (maternal) caregivers are striking," said Frank,...
Few gay man regret disclosing HIV status to friends, family
...te a small, predominantly Caucasian sample from an urban
area. Results could be different in rural areas or among members of different races or ethnicities. She is currently conducting a similar study on HIV-positive women. Serovich could find only one previously published study focusing on feelings of re...
Indoor air purifiers that produce even small amounts of ozone may be risky for health
...larity with the surge in air pollution problems in urban
areas. Air purifiers target dust, pollen, airborne particles and volatile organic compounds, which are emitted by a wide range of products, including paint, cleaning supplies and pesticides. These pollutants are believed to aggravate respiratory and ...
Employees in small firms pay 18 percent more for health insurance when adjusted for value of plan
...al Health Affairs. Employees in states with large urban
populations, such as California, Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania, also tend to get more value for their premium dollar than those in rural states, according to this first ever state by state estimate of the cost of the adjusted price of heal...
Strong governmental leadership needed to tackle obesity epidemic
...roduction and availability of cheap healthy foods; urban
planning to ensure that people exercise more; education about eating beginning in schools; and a global code to promote only healthy food and drink to children. The Lancet comments: "The challenge is clear. Strong governmental leadership is essential...
Computer-based screening may encourage discussions about domestic violence
...creening program in two emergency departments, one urban
and one suburban. A total of 903 women who visite...ompleted the exit questionnaire, 26 percent at the urban
ED and 21 percent at the suburban ED indicated they were at risk for domestic violence. A total of ...
Penn researcher uses computer-based screening to help identify domestic violence victims
...creening program in two emergency departments, one urban
and one suburban. Over a 19-month period, 903 wom...ompleted the exit questionnaire, 26 percent at the urban
ED and 21 percent at the suburban ED indicated they were at risk for domestic violence. Those who c...
May/June 2006 Annals of Family Medicine Tip Sheet
...fferences in the decline of VBAC between rural and urban
hospitals were not significant, and although VBAC deliveries declined more rapidly at rural hospitals after 1999, the decline started at least as early as 1997, prior to guideline revision. The authors recommend that when counseling pregnant patien...
Passive TV viewing related to children's sleeping difficulties
... children aged 5-6 years, representing the typical urban
population in three university cities in Finland. The results of the study have been published recently in the Journal of Sleep Research. Main results: 1. All the families that participated in the study had at least one TV set. In 21% of families, t...
UCI scientists find chlorine may contribute to ozone formation
...le chlorine may play in ozone chemistry in coastal urban
environments." Saltzman and Brandon Finley, a gr...hat leads to ozone formation. The primary cause of urban
ozone is the reaction of hydroxyl radical (OH) with hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides. OH is a highly...
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