Tag: "value" at medical news

Tamoxifen shows no benefit, risk for breast cancer survivors' heart health

..."Within the past few years, studies have shown the value of a new class of drugs, the aromatase inhibitors, in preventing breast cancer's recurrence among postmenopausal women. Tamoxifen, though, continues to be an important tool for improving prognosis and reducing risk of recurrence and a second primary ...

Popular procedures evaluated for diagnostic accuracy and treatment effectiveness

...tract 496) In an effort to evaluate the potential value of invasive procedures in GERD patients and conduct confirmatory trials, researchers from University Medical Center of Utrecht in the Netherlands conducted this trial to evaluate the effectiveness of the EndoCinch? suturing system. This outpatient p...

Study finds maternal exposure to parasitic infection may increase risk of schizophrenia in offspring

...of schizophrenia. "These findings underscore the value of prenatal serologic samples to document how maternal infectious disease exposures affect the development of adult disorders over time," said Alan Brown, MD, lead author and associate professor of clinical psychiatry and epidemiology at the New York...

Multiple views from CT scans may improve diagnosis

...diation exposure, and we believe it provides added value in diagnosis." CT scans use X-rays, radiation detectors and computers to produce images or "slices" through the body. In most cases, the images are in the axial plane a view looking down through the body. But new faster multidetector CT scanners tha...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for May 2005 (second issue)

...ctive study directed at determining the predictive value of using noninvasive measures to monitor airway inflammation in children with asthma who have undergone inhaled corticosteroid medication reduction. British investigators showed that successful lowering of inhaled corticosteroid doses could be predic...

Procedure setting, technique and cost are key for effective colorectal cancer screening

...(Abstract SP752) While reviewing the accuracy and value of standard colonoscopy as a screening procedure, researchers at Rockford Gastroenterology Associates found significant differences in the detection of cancerous polyps among gastroenterologists in their clinical practice. The study population consis...

Genes may influence nutritional composition of breast milk

...et or take supplements to maximize the nutritional value of their breast milk. An expanded study is planned to examine the clinical impact of additional genes and their effects on prenatal storage of DHA and other omega-3 fatty acids in body fat....

Small, open-label study shows potential use of novel antibiotic rifaximin for Crohn's disease

..., range 1 to 7 (mean 3.8), with a mean decrease in value of 7.1. There was a significant improvement in the Harvey Bradshaw index, and the median time to response was 8.9 days. The cause of Crohn's Disease is unknown; however, many scientists suspect that it is an abnormal response to bacteria in the gas...

Physiotherapists cure incontinence

...and there's a growing awareness by surgeons of the value of physiotherapy for treating incontinence. "Unfortunately, many people don't realise that help is available and they suffer in silence." Neumann says that when women go to their GPs seeking help, it is important that they are referred for physiother...

The role of the Royal Society should be reviewed

...s, the Royal Society has produced little of public value in medicine and public health. It has launched inquiries into non-human primate research and pharmacogenetics. But these weak outputs do little to justify the esteem with which the Society is held, nor the investment made in it by government, states ...

World Bank and IMF preventing transfer of foreign aid to HIV/AIDS programmes

...nge associated with increased aid can drive up the value of the recipient country's currency. The result wo...ecause the IMF requires that countries include the value of all new donor funding received for initiatives, such as scaling up antiretroviral treatment, in t...

New partnership launched to accelerate and evaluate national malaria control program in Africa

... "We think that this partnership can establish the value of scaled-up, national malaria control as the gold standard in Africa," said Regina Rabinovich, director of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Infectious Diseases Program. "A successful program of this magnitude will encourage both donor countries...

UCLA study tackles aging issues of adults with developmental disabilities

...active health problem. "Our findings emphasize the value of nurses conducting comprehensive geriatric assessments and taking the time to help people learn about their health," said Hahn. "Advanced-practice nurses are experts in detecting health problems and teaching people how to manage them."...

Imaging may not be major driver of hospital cost increases

...r health care. But we also need to understand the value that imaging brings to health care; and when looking at its costs, we need to make sure our analyses are accurate." In order to objectively assess imaging's contribution to hospital costs, Gazelle and his co-author Molly Beinfeld, MPH, analyzed bill...

Personalized immunosuppression with leading organ transplant therapy may optimize patient care

...rge clinical trial to evaluate the feasibility and value of therapeutic drug monitoring for CellCept in kidney transplant patients. More than 700 kidney transplant recipients will be enrolled across 60 transplant centers in the United States. The OptiCept TM study will compare traditional fixed dosing o...

Study shows even limited training improves communication with patients from other cultures

...lly sound studies to determine the full impact and value of cultural competency training."...

A&E doctors call for ban on pointed kitchen knives

...publicly available at all, having little practical value in the kitchen, argue the authors - who consulted ten top chefs from around the UK. None of the chefs felt such knives were essential, since the point of a short blade was just as useful when a sharp end was needed. A short pointed knife may cause a...

Errors in intensive care units: medical staff report fewer unintended events than observers

...events. The implication of this study, of general value to the quality and safety of patient care in ICUs, is that invaluable information about incidents in ICUs can be obtained in a short period of time by the use of observer monitoring....

Swedish researchers first in the world to gain access to BIMS

...nnectable data; something which will be of immense value to the next generation of research scientists. "The main advantage is that researchers can save time and access information without having to be specialists in the area," says Professor Litton. "So in other words they can search in English in all dat...

Practice of defensive medicine widespread among physicians in specialties at high risk of lawsuits

...ying additional services of marginal or no medical value with the aim of reducing adverse outcomes, deterring patients from filing malpractice claims, or persuading the legal system that the standard of care was met. Other practices, described as "avoidance behavior" (sometimes called "negative" defensive ...

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(Date:4/18/2014)... Protecting wildlife while feeding a world population predicted ... a holistic approach to conservation that considers human-altered ... , Wildlife and the natural habitat that supports ... a world where at least three-quarters of the ... the rest is vulnerable to human-caused impacts such ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... led by a University of California, Riverside professor of ... Department of Defense grant to uncover fundamental design rules ... predictable design of light-weight, tough and strong advanced materials ... and animals, including the mantis shrimp, toucan and bamboo. ... over millions of years and coming up with design ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of stem cell therapies to cure a variety of ... populations based on cell surface markers. Researchers from the ... is highly expressed in a type of stem cells ... in an article in BioResearch Open Access , ... The article is available free on the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 2Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 3Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 4Mantis shrimp, toucan and trilobite, oh my 2Mantis shrimp, toucan and trilobite, oh my 3
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